Index of Publications 1968-2019

The Friends of Deerhurst Church are deeply grateful to Barbara Hird for producing an index of the publications of the Friends printed between 1986 and 2019. She must have put may hundreds of hours of work into the production of the index!

NOTES:

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LINKS

LIST OF PUBLICATIONS INDEXED

Deerhurst Annual Lectures (designated in the index by last two digits of year)

  • .
  • 1986: Liturgy and Architecture in the Middle Ages: David Parsons
  • 1988: Liturgical Music in Anglo-Saxon Times: Mary Berry.
  • 1989: Deerhurst St Mary and Gloucester St Oswald: two Anglo-Saxon minsters: Carolyn Heighway
  • 1990: The Anglo-Saxon Landscape of North Gloucestershire: Della Hooke
  • 1991: How Do We Know So Much About Anglo-Saxon Deerhurst? Patrick Wormald
  • 1992: The Two Anglo-Saxon Minsters of Gloucester: Michael Hare
  • 1996: Land, Power and Politics: the family and career of Odda of Deerhurst: Ann Williams
  • 1997: The Origins of the Parishes of the Deerhurst Area: Steven Bassett
  • 1998: From Anglo-Saxon to Anglo-Norman: north Gloucestershire in Domesday Book: John S Moore
  • 1999: Odda, Orm and Others: patrons and inscriptions in later Anglo-Saxon England: John Higgitt
  • 2000: Deerhurst above and below ground: Philip Rahtz
  • 2002: Anglo-Saxon Sculptures at Deerhurst: Richard N Bailey
  • 2003: The Building Stones of St Mary’s Church Deerhurst: Steve Bagshaw
  • 2005: The Quality of Life: David Hill
  • 2006: Conquest and Controversy: The early career of Odda of Deerhurst: Timothy Bolton
  • 2007: Deerhurst and Rome: Æthelric’s pilgrimage c.804 and the oratory of St Mary Mediana: Richard Gem
  • 2008: Deerhurst, St Werstan and Monastic Mythmaking in Late Medieval England: Heather Gilderdale Scott
  • 2009: The Architecture and Sculpture of Deerhurst Priory: the later 11th-, 12th- and early 13th-century work: Malcolm Thurlby
  • 2011: Deerhurst Priory in the Later Middle Ages: Martin Heale
  • 2012: St Ælfheah (St Alphege) from Deerhurst to Martyrdom (1012): some millennial reflections on religious ideals: Nicholas
    Brooks, Alan Thacker
  • 2013: The Place of Baptism in Anglo-Saxon and Norman Churches: P.S. Barnwell
  • 2014: Making Much of What Remains: reconstructing Deerhurst’s Anglo-Saxon paint and sculpture: Richard Bryant
  • 2016: The Road to Deerhurst: 1016 in English and Norse sources: Matthew Townend
  • 2018: Deerhurst, Pershore and Westminster Abbey: do we know what we think we know?: Richard Mortimer
  • 2019: Æthelred, Lord of the Mercians and his Deerhurst Connections: Barbara Yorke
  • .

Other Publications (designated respectively as AJ86, AJ88 and MA53)

  • .
  • The Discovery of an Anglo-Saxon Painted Figure at St
    Mary’s Church, Deerhurst, Gloucestershire: Steve Bagshaw, Richard
    Bryant, Michael Hare (reprinted by permission from The Antiquaries
    Journal Volume 86, 2006)
  • The Ninth-Century Polychrome Decoration at St Mary’s
    Church, Deerhurst, Gloucestershire: Richard Gem, Emily Howe, Richard
    Bryant (reprinted by permission from The Antiquaries Journal Volume 88,
    2008)
  • The 9th-century West Porch of St Mary’s Church,
    Deerhurst, Gloucestershire: form and function: Michael Hare (reprinted
    by permission from Medieval Archaeology Volume 53, 2009)
  • .

MAIN INDEX

Back to top

  • .
  • Aachen, Germany; relic displays  MA53/83–4
  • Abberton, Worcs  18/6
  • Abbey Dore, Herefs; architectural sculpture  09/25, 40, 42, 50, 58n157, 58n167
  • Abbots Barton, Glos; Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 4, 5, 21, 32–47
  • Abbot’s Court (formerly Abbot’s Court Farm), Deerhurst
  • boundary haga in orchards  90/7
  • ownership of the Naight  16/26–7
  • Abbot’s Court Farm, Deerhurst; Lias footings  03/25n15
  • Abels, Richard  19/2
  • Abingdon, Oxon
  • Abbey
  • Æthelwold’s refoundation  88/8
  • Cnut and Ælfgifu give shrine for relics of St Vincent  99/11, 13, 27
  • leaf form on C9 sword  02/20
  • acclamations, royal (laudes regiae)  92/21–2; 99/6-7
  • Acleah (unidentified place); synod, shortly after 804  07/2
  • ‘Ada’ school of Carolingian art  AJ86/78–9, 79
  • administrative units
  • C5–6, as basis of minster parishes  97/4
  • C10 reorganisation  97/4–5
  • see also parishes
  • Adrevald, monk of St-Benoît-sur-Loire; Miracula S Benedicti  MA53/82
  • Adrian, provost of Maubeuge, on translation of relics of St Aldegund  MA53/84
  • Ælfflæd (probably wife of Edward the Elder)  99/11–12, 13
  • Ælfgar mæw, lord of Tewkesbury (fl. 999–1033)  96/4–5, 17; 06/9–11, 12
  • in charter witness-lists  96/4–5; 06/6, 7, 9–11, 12, 13
  • collaboration with Cnut  06/12, 13, 14
  • and division of Deerhurst estates  18/15
  • and Tewkesbury  96/4, 5, 12; 06/11
  • Ælfgar, associate of Odda (fl. 1013–1019)  06/4, 6, 7, 9
  • Ælfgar, of Devon (d.962)  96/24n34
  • Ælfged or Ælfget (fl. 1018–1033)  06/6, 9, 10
  • Ælfgifu (Emma), wife of Æthelred and of Cnut  99/11, 13
  • Ælfgifu, widow of Æthelweard mæw  96/4–5, 16
  • Ælfheah (Alphege), St, archbishop of Canterbury  12/1–15
  • accounts of:
  • Anglo-Saxon Chronicle  12/4-5, 11
  • John of Worcester  91/8, 17; 12/6, 11
  • Osbern’s Translatio Sancti Ælfegi  12/11
  • Osbern’s Vita Sancti Ælfegi  91/7–9; 12/3–4, 13; 18/27n85; AJ86/97, 98
  • South English Legendary  08/22
  • Thietmar’s Chronicle  12/6
  • William of Malmesbury  91/8; 12/12–13
  • in Bath  91/8; 08/22; 12/2, 12
  • and Canterbury Cathedral
  • altar of  08/21
  • translation of remains from London  91/17; 12/11
  • window depicting legend  12/1-2, 7–10, 13, 14
  • captivity and death  12/5–6, 11, 12, 13, Pls.1, 3, 4
  • and Deerhurst  89/3–4; 91/8; 12/2; 18/2, 18; AJ86/97
  • Great Malvern Priory and legend of  08/21, 22
  • as hermit  08/22; 12/2
  • journey to Rome to receive pallium  12/4, 12
  • Lanfranc doubts claim to martyrdom  91/8
  • miracles  12/5, 11, 12
  • Sherborne Missal depiction  08/22
  • spelling of name  12/3
  • in Winchester  12/2, 12, 14n3
  • Ælfhere, ealdorman of the Mercians
  • and Deerhurst and Pershore monasteries  89/3; 91/8; 96/3, 4, 10; 18/2, 7–8, 8–9, 18, 20
  • status of family  19/6
  • Ælfhun, bishop of London  12/5
  • Ælfmær deorling  06/13–14
  • Ælfmær, abbot of St Augustine’s, Canterbury  12/5
  • Ælfmær, witness to C11 charters  06/3, 4
  • Ælfric of Abingdon, archbishop of Canterbury  12/2
  • Ælfric of Eynsham
  • Life of Æthelwold  88/8
  • Life of St Edmund  16/13–14
  • on number eight  02/22–3
  • Ælfric, abbot of Pershore  18/9
  • Ælfric, brother of Æthelmær and Æthelwold; commemorated by Brussels reliquary cross  99/12–13, 22–3
  • Ælfric, brother of Odda
  • ASC reference  90/2; 91/9; 96/2; 16/1, 2
  • death and burial  89/4; 90/2; 91/9; 96/2; 18/9, 18–19
  • Domesday tenant of Pull Court  96/20
  • family; hypothetical pedigree  96/16–17
  • importance  89/2
  • John of Worcester on  91/9; 96/2
  • Odda’s chapel as memorial  89/4; 96/2; 99/3, 5–6, 14; 06/7; 18/4
  • salience of name in inscription  99/5, 5–6, 29
  • Worcestershire lease (1051×1053)  06/7
  • Ælfsige of Faringdon  09/7
  • Ælfsige, archbishop-elect of Canterbury (d.959)  12/4
  • Ælfthryth, wife of King Edgar  88/1–2; 12/2
  • Ælfwaru, sister of Æthelweard the Chronicler  96/5, 16
  • Ælfweard the Tall, monk of Christ Church, Canterbury  12/11
  • Ælfweard, brother of Æthelweard the Chronicler  96/5, 16; 06/4
  • Ælfwig, witness to royal charters  06/4
  • Ælfwine, bishop of Winchester (d.1047)  96/13
  • Ælfwine (fl. 1012–1033); associated with Odda in witness-lists  06/3, 4, 6, 7, 8
  • Ælfwold II, bishop of Sherborne  96/14
  • Ælfwynn, lady of the Mercians; brief rule  19/1
  • Æse, founder of St Mary Castlegate, York  99/8–9, 13
  • Æthel-, personal names beginning with  96/5
  • Æthelbald, king of the Mercians; burial  13/4
  • Æthelbert, king of Kent  88/4
  • Æthelflæd, lady of the Mercians  92/3
  • Æthelstan fostered at court  92/5, 7
  • building of burhs  19/23n132
  • conquest of eastern Danelaw  92/3
  • descent from Mercian kings  19/12
  • and Gloucester new minster (later St Oswald’s)
  • burial at  89/5; 92/7; 19/3, 16
  • foundation  89/4; 92/4; 97/9; 19/1, 3
  • translation of relics of Oswald  92/7; 19/14, 16
  • and Gloucester old minster  92/12–13
  • marriage to Æthelred  19/1, 12
  • organisation and defence of Worcester  19/12
  • and revival of learning  92/5–6
  • sole rule  19/1, 12
  • inception  19/14, 15, 23n132
  • Æthelfrith, ealdorman of southern Mercia, father of Æthelstan Half-King  19/7
  • Æthelgyth, mother of Æthelstan Half-king  19/7
  • Æthelheard, archbishop of Canterbury  07/1
  • Æthelmær I (fl. 1031–33); associated with Odda in witness lists  06/6, 7, 8
  • Æthelmær II (fl. 1019–1033); associated with Ælfgar mæw in witness lists  06/3, 4, 9&n27, 10, 11, 13
  • Æthelmær, ealdorman, son of Æthelweard the Chronicler  96/5; 06/12–13
  • Æthelmær, donor of Brussels reliquary cross  99/12–13, 22–3
  • Æthelmund, ealdorman, father of Æthelric
  • Æthelred, lord of the Mercians’ connections with family  19/3-5
  • career  91/17; 07/1, 4; 19/3-4, 6
  • death at battle of Kempsford  19/5, 6, 13, 18n37
  • and Offa of the Mercians  91/17; 07/1, 4; 19/4, 9
  • presumed burial at Deerhurst  89/1; 90/1; 91/3, 6; 07/1, 2, 26–7; AJ86/97
  • and Wilsætan  19/6, 13
  • Æthelred I, king of the West Saxons
  • Æthelweard the Chronicler claims descent from  96/3–4, 16–17
  • sons by Wulfthryth as rivals to Alfred  19/13
  • Æthelred II, the Unready, king of the English
  • Æthelstan fostered at court  92/5, 7
  • chronicle written during reign, source for ASC  16/4–5, 16
  • continuity of administration under Cnut  06/1–12
  • decree on ship-building  18/13
  • descendants  96/22n19
  • and Edward the Martyr’s death  12/2
  • gives Mathon to Leofwine  96/28n60; 18/9
  • last years and death  06/1, 12–13
  • law-code on use of relics in time of danger  MA53/88n165
  • Odda’s relations with  96/5; 06/12–13; 18/14
  • Æthelred, ealdorman, lord of the Mercians  19/1-23
  • accession to power  19/7, 8
  • achievements  19/15-16
  • and Aethelflaed  19/1, 12
  • and Alfred  92/3; 19/1, 2, 9-15
  • origins of alliance  19/7-9
  • death and burial  19/1, 3, 15, 16
  • Deerhurst connection  19/3-5
  • and Edward the Elder  19/1, 13-15
  • family background and connections  19/2, 3-7, 13
  • and Gloucester  19/16
  • and new minster (later St Oswald’s)  92/4, 7; 97/9; 19/16
  • and old minster  92/12–13; 19/19n46
  • later years  19/13-15
  • and learning  92/5–6
  • lordship, nature and style of rule  19/1-3, 12, 15-16
  • military role  19/1, 2, 16
  • involving Welsh  19/1, 10-11, 15
  • towns controlled, developed and fortified by  19/15-16
  • Gloucester  19/16
  • London  19/1, 2, 5, 11, 12, 15, 16
  • Oxford  19/1, 12, 16
  • Worcester  19/2, 3, 5, 12, 16
  • titles and status  19/1-3
  • Æthelred, king’s thegn under Burgred  19/3
  • Æthelric, ealdorman, son of Æthelmund
  • Æthelred, lord of the Mercians’ connections with family  19/3-5
  • burial at Deerhurst  07/2–3, 26–7
  • pilgrimage to Rome (c. 804)  07/1–32; 14/24; AJ88/153
  • and image of Virgin  07/21, 25; 14/40–1, 45–6; AJ88/153, 154
  • will (804)  91/2–7; 07/1–3; 19/4, 5
  • on burial at Deerhurst  07/2–3
  • and commemoration of father  90/1; AJ86/97
  • disputes over  91/2–7, 20–2; 07/1–2; 19/4-5
  • estates granted to Deerhurst  90/1; 97/15; 07/2–3, 29n15; 18/15–18; AJ86/97
  • first documentary reference to church at Deerhurst  97/1
  • and Gloucester old minster  92/2, 11; 19/5
  • and Westbury and Stoke  91/2–7, 20–2; 07/1–2; 19/4, 5
  • and Worcester bishopric  91/3–4, 6–7, 20–2; 19/4, 5
  • Æthelric, half-brother of abbot Brihtheah of Pershore  18/13
  • Æthelric, witness(es) of royal charters, 1013 and 1019  06/4
  • Æthelstan, king of the English
  • childhood at court of Æthelred and Æthelflæd  92/5, 7
  • and cult of relics  92/7
  • death at Gloucester  92/8
  • gifts to churches  99/11, 12; 14/48n4; MA53/82
  • to Gloucester new minster  92/4, 7, 11
  • Æthelstan ætheling; will  06/14
  • Æthelstan ‘Half-king’, ealdorman of East Anglia  18/8; 19/6, 7
  • Æthelstan Psalter (London, BL MS Cotton Galba A. xviii)  14/11, 12; AJ86/80
  • Æthelswyth ring  02/20
  • Æthelweard mæw, lord of Tewkesbury  06/3, 4, 11
  • and Deerhurst  18/15
  • question of identity  96/5, 17; 06/11, 18n42
  • Tewkesbury Chronicle on  96/5, 12; 06/11
  • and Tewkesbury minster  96/12, 13
  • Æthelweard, ealdorman of the Western Shires (Æthelweard the Chronicler)  96/3–6, 7, 17; 06/3, 4, 18n42; 18/8
  • on Æthelred, lord of the Mercians  19/2-3, 14
  • suggested identity with Æthelweard mæw  96/5; 06/18n42
  • tribute to role of ealdormen  19/2-3
  • Æthelwine (alternative name of Odda, according to John of Worcester)  96/6
  • Æthelwine, witness of royal charters (fl. 1013–1019)  06/4
  • Æthelwold, St, bishop of Winchester
  • Benedictional (London, BL Add MS 49598)  86/13; 99/6, 17; 00/8
  • Lives of  88/8; 18/8
  • and reform of liturgy and music  88/8–9
  • Æthelwold ætheling  19/13
  • Æthelwold, donor of Brussels reliquary cross  99/12–13, 22–3
  • Æthelwold, father of Æthelmær, associate of Ælfgar mæw (fl. 1007)  06/11
  • Æthelwulf, king of the West Saxons
  • gifts to St Peter’s, Rome  07/8–9; 14/48n4
  • and Schola Saxonum, Rome  07/5–6
  • Æthelwulf, ealdorman, father of Æthelgyth  19/7
  • Æthilwald, bishop of Dunwich; seal-die  02/26n19; AJ88/114
  • Æthilwald, pupil of Aldhelm; Carmen de transmarini itineris peregrinatione  02/10; AJ88/152, 153
  • Africa, North; baptisteries in chambers near altar  13/5, 6
  • agriculture
  • arable farming  90/4, 8, 12; 98/21
  • see also animal husbandry
  • aisles, Deerhurst church
  • architectural context and liturgical considerations  09/46–7, 50
  • north
  • construction, and walkway  MA53/63
  • east wall  00/12–13, 13; 03/17–18, 18, 23
  • modifications  11/13
  • petrology  03/17–18, 18, 19, 20–21, 23; AJ86/86, 87, 89, 90–1
  • triangular-headed doorway to chancel (OP20)  AJ86/74
  • upper room at chancel end  00/8–10
  • south
  • arch to south porticus  09/12–14, 13-14, 15, 16, 50; AJ86/103
  • modifications  09/16, 47, 47, 50; 11/13
  • petrology  03/15–17, 17; AJ86/86, 87, 88, 89, 89–90
  • piscina  09/47, 47
  • tooling marks, Norman  09/13, 15, 15
  • west  09/28, 29, 34
  • arch to porch (OP3)  MA53/39, 40, 45, 46
  • arches to N and S aisles  MA53/39, 40, 44
  • C12–13 creation  09/1, 27, 28, 29, 29; MA53/39, 40, 44
  • see also arcades, Deerhurst church (north nave, south nave); porticus, Deerhurst church
  • Albert the Lotharingian, royal chaplain  96/3
  • Alcuin
  • collection of antiphons  07/26; AJ88/161n106
  • and fusion of Gallican and Roman liturgies  88/6
  • and iconoclast controversy  07/32n79
  • importance in Carolingian renascence  07/4
  • poetry  99/30, 31, 33
  • Aldbrough, E Yorks; Ulf’s dedicatory inscription  99/8, 13
  • Aldegund, St; translation of relics, Maubeuge, France  MA53/84
  • Alderminster, Warks  18/6, 16–17
  • Alderton, Glos
  • Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 4, 38–43
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • in Winchcombe minster parish  97/9
  • Aldhelm, abbot of Malmesbury and bishop of Sherborne  02/10; 07/26; AJ88/153
  • Aldred  see Ealdred
  • Aldsworth church, Glos; chamfer stops  09/37
  • Aldwin(e), prior of Great Malvern  96/11–12; 08/3, 5, 7–8
  • alea evangelii board, illustration of Anglo-Saxon  05/8, 10
  • Alfarano, Tiberio  07/7, 11, 15, 16–17
  • Alfege  see Ælfheah
  • Alfred, king of the West Saxons, king of the Anglo-Saxons
  • alliances with key ealdormanic families  19/6-7
  • ASC’s favourable view of  16/4; 19/5
  • burial  19/16
  • coinage  19/7-8, 11-12, 15
  • and Danes
  • campaigns  19/7, 10, 13
  • victory at Edington (878) and subsequent relations  92/3; 19/8, 10, 11
  • law on grants of land to church  91/5
  • and learning  92/2–3, 5
  • and London  19/11-12
  • and Mercians
  • alliance with Ceolwulf  19/7-8
  • origins of alliance with Æthelred  19/7-9
  • relations with Æthelred  92/3; 19/1, 2, 9-10, 11-12, 15
  • nature of overlordship  19/9-10
  • and Schola Saxonum, Rome  07/6
  • Shaftesbury secular building inscription  99/9
  • translation of Gregory the Great’s Pastoral Care  99/11; 16/3, 14
  • Wærferth’s influence with  19/15
  • and Welsh kingdoms  19/8, 10-11
  • will  19/22n110
  • Wulfhere’s opposition to  19/6-7, 13
  • Alfred of Marlborough (fl. 1066–86)  18/11, 12
  • Alfred, brother of Edward the Confessor  96/22n19
  • Alfred Jewel  99/11; 02/5, 20; AJ88/114
  • Alfrick, Worcs; font stand  13/2, 3
  • alien priories
  • Crown control  11/2–3, 5–7
  • Deerhurst as  11/1–9
  • in Hundred Years’ War  11/2–3, 5, 7–8
  • nature and status  11/1
  • Almondsbury, S Glos; St Mary’s church  09/38, 48, 58n167
  • Alney by Deerhurst  see Olney by Deerhurst
  • Alney island, Gloucester  16/28–9
  • Alphege, St, archbishop of Canterbury  see Ælfheah
  • Alric, Domesday tenant of Longdon  18/12–13
  • Alric, Domesday tenant of Staunton  96/20
  • Alstone, Glos
  • Domesday record  97/23
  • parochial affiliation  97/8, 17, 22, 23
  • altars
  • in aisles  09/46–7, 50
  • baptisteries in chambers near  13/4, 5–11, 14, 16
  • free-standing  86/13
  • high, in chancel  86/18–21; 13/15; AJ86/106n93
  • inscriptions on dedication  99/7
  • Odda’s Chapel  99/3, 4, 18-19
  • nave  86/13, 18–21; 13/15
  • portable, of Arnulf of Carinthia  AJ88/148
  • stone, replacing wooden  13/15
  • Winchester Old Minster, between porticus  13/7, 9
  • Altheus, bishop of Sion, Switzerland  AJ86/76
  • Alweard of Longdon (fl. 1066)  96/10, 18, 20
  • Alweard of Mathon (fl. 1066)  96/7–8, 10
  • Alwig of Longdon (fl. 1066)  96/20
  • Alwine the sheriff, of Dudstone (fl. 1066)  98/20, 32
  • Amalar of Metz  88/6n2
  • Amberley, Herefs; capitals in church  09/59n171
  • Ambrose of Milan; inscription on font attributed to  02/21
  • Anarawd ap Rhodri, king of Gwynedd  19/8, 10-11
  • anathemas on dedicated items  99/13
  • Andrew, St; rotunda in St Peter’s, Rome  07/8
  • Angel, Deerhurst (sculpture)  02/11–14, 11; 14/30–8, 30–8; MA53/36, 38
  • as archangel  02/13–14; 14/37; MA53/38n8
  • architectural frame  02/12; AJ86/74; MA53/36, 38
  • dating  00/18, 21, 22; 02/11–13
  • figural treatment  02/11, 12–13
  • function  02/13–14
  • parallels in manuscript illustration  02/13–14; 14/32, 33, 34, 35
  • polychrome decoration  14/30–8, 30–8
  • Angel, Lichfield (sculpture)
  • carving  14/32, 34
  • eye sockets drilled for glass or jewels  AJ88/144
  • polychrome decoration  14/36, 37; AJ88/110, 143–4, 159n39
  • Angilbert, lay abbot of Saint-Riquier  86/2, 5
  • Anglo-Saxon Chronicle  91/9–17; 16/1–17, 20–2
  • ‘Æthelredian Chronicle’ as source  16/4–5, 16
  • Æthelweard the Chronicler’s Latin translation  96/3–4, 7; 19/2-3
  • ‘common stock’  16/4–5
  • composition  91/10–17; 16/4–5
  • index to Plummer’s edition  91/14
  • manuscripts
  • ‘A’; kept in Old Minster, Winchester  12/4
  • ‘C’
  • on Odda  91/9
  • on Olney treaty  16/1, 2, 3, 21–2
  • sources  16/4–5
  • ‘D’
  • on Ælfric’s death and burial  91/9; 96/2; 16/1, 2
  • Canterbury hypothesis of origin  91/26–7n42
  • Deerhurst referred to  91/9; 96/2; 16/1–17, 20–2
  • and Ealdred  91/13–17; 92/17, 20; 16/1
  • John of Worcester’s source  91/11; 06/12
  • Knútsdrápa of Óttarr svarti compared  16/9–16
  • Mercian/West Midland connections  91/13
  • northern hypothesis of origins  91/12–13, 15-16
  • on Odda  91/9; 96/2
  • on Olney treaty  91/9; 16/1–17, 21–2
  • sources  16/4–5
  • Worcester connection  91/11–12, 13, 15, 16; 16/2, 4, 17
  • and Wulfstan, archbishop of York  91/12, 13, 17
  • ‘D’, ‘E’, ‘F’; as post-Conquest conflations of earlier versions  91/10–11
  • ‘E’
  • on Olney treaty  16/1, 2, 3, 21–2
  • sources  16/4–5
  • Northern Recension  91/12–13
  • as royal annals  12/4–5; 16/5
  • CITED
  • on Ælfheah  12/4–5, 11
  • on Ælfric, Odda’s brother  90/2; 91/9; 96/2; 16/1, 2
  • on Æthelmund’s death at Kempsford  19/5
  • on Æthelred, lord of the Mercians  19/1, 2
  • on Alfred  19/5
  • on Ashingdon  16/2
  • on Ceolburg’s death; unprecedented reference to non-royal woman  19/5
  • on Chester; restoration (907)  19/14
  • on Cnut  90/2; 91/9; 16/1–5, 14-17, 20-2
  • on Domesday Book  98/12, 13
  • on Dunstan  91/13
  • on Edmund Ironside’s death  16/16, 22
  • on Lanfranc  91/14–15
  • on Margaret, queen of Scots  91/12, 15–16
  • on Odda  91/9; 96/2; 18/8
  • on Olney treaty between Cnut and Edmund  90/2; 91/9; 16/1–5, 9-17, 20–2
  • on Sherston  06/12, 13–14
  • on ship-building ordered in 1008  18/13
  • on synod of Clofesho  19/5
  • on raids in 1040s-50s  08/5–6, 8
  • animal husbandry  90/4, 5, 14
  • Anna, abbot of Gloucester (fl. 1022)  92/10
  • Anselm, archbishop of Canterbury
  • as abbot of Bec  12/3
  • on Ælfheah as martyr  12/14n6
  • proclaimed archbishop in Gloucester  92/27
  • Ansfrid of Cormeilles (fl. c. 1070)  97/21
  • antiquarianism
  • medieval  08/21–2
  • modern; thorn graffito at Deerhurst possibly antiquarian doodle  MA53/50n35
  • see also Atkyns, Sir Robert; Camden, William; Dugdale, Sir William; Leland, John; Lysons, Revd Samuel; Society of Antiquaries; Ugonio, Pompeio
  • Apollonia, Libya; baptistery at Sousa  13/5, 6
  • Apostolic Constitutions, on baptism  13/5
  • Apperley, Glos
  • Coal House Inn; font stem found at or near  14/14
  • place-name, woodland environment  90/4
  • Wightfield Manor
  • carved stones from Deerhurst Priory  09/1, 18–27, 19–21, 22, 23, 24
  • reused stone with lewis holes  03/26n2
  • apport paid by Deerhurst to Abbey of St Denis  11/2, 3, 8
  • apse, Deerhurst church
  • altar probably located in  AJ86/106n93
  • construction sequence
  • relationship with east wall  00/5, 18, 22; 03/14; AJ86/84–95, 86–7, 94–5, 96
  • suggested two- or three-phase (Butterworth, Rahtz)  00/5, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22; 03/14–15; 8; AJ86/84
  • excavation  00/12
  • external architectural decoration  00/5; 02/11–14; AJ86/74; MA53/38n8
  • see also Angel, Deerhurst
  • high-level chamber  14/4, 5; AJ86/94, 96, 98–100, 102
  • possible shrine or reliquary  AJ86/100, 102; MA53/85
  • triangular-headed panels as blocking former openings to  14/4, 5; AJ86/66, 69, 94, 100, 102
  • petrology  03/14, 15, 16; AJ86/85–91, 86–7, 89
  • plan  00/19
  • restoration (1861–2)  03/14–15
  • arable farming  90/4, 8, 12; 98/21
  • arcades, Deerhurst church
  • capitals  09/27, 31, 32–6, 34–46, 34–6, 39–45, 50
  • fabric  03/10, 11, 12; 09/31–46, 32–6, 39, 41–43, 50
  • historiography  09/28–31
  • north nave  09/27–8, 27, 34, 35, 37–46, 42–3, 50
  • capitals  09/39, 40, 42–3, 43, 45, 46, 50
  • historiography  09/28–9, 30, 31
  • south nave  09/1, 27–31, 27–9, 31–46, 32–5, 36, 39, 41, 50
  • capitals  09/34, 36, 38–40, 39,41, 43, 45–6, 50
  • historiography  09/28–30, 30–1
  • polychrome masonry  03/10, 11, 12; 09/34, 37–8
  • archbishops
  • journeys to Rome to receive pallium  12/4, 12, 14n8
  • see also under Canterbury; York
  • Arenberg Gospels (New York, Morgan Library MS 869)  02/12
  • Arild of Thornbury, St  92/11
  • Arle, Glos; includes Cheltenham in C8  97/10
  • Arnulf of Carinthia, portable altar of  AJ88/148
  • Ash Wednesday rituals in Regularis Concordia  86/6
  • Ashchurch, Glos; C19 parish boundaries  97/17
  • Ashingdon, battle of (1016)  16/1, 2, 15–16, 17, 21, 23
  • Edmund Ironside’s movements after  16/28
  • relics of St Wendreth lost at  MA53/88n165
  • Ashleworth, Glos
  • and Berkeley minster  97/10
  • building stone of church  03/4
  • Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 4, 17
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16
  • quarrying and burning of limestone  03/4
  • Ashton-under-Hill, Worcs
  • in Beckford minster parish  97/8, 22, 23
  • bishop Oswald owns in 991  97/21, 24
  • Domesday Book  97/21, 23
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • Assandunsee Ashingdon
  • Asser, bishop of Sherborne
  • abandons biography of Alfred  19/11
  • on Æthelred’s submission to Alfred  19/8, 10
  • on Alfred and Welsh  19/8, 10, 11
  • Aston, Birmingham; secular college  97/19
  • Aston, Mick; on Deerhurst landscape  00/1, 3, 7
  • Aston, Stoke Prior, Worcs; land grant to Æthelmund from king Uhtred of the Hwicce  18n26
  • Aston on Carrant, Glos
  • Domesday Book  98/2, 24–5, 38–43
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • in Tewkesbury estate, C11  18/3
  • Athelstan  see Æthelstan
  • Athos, Mount, Greece; balconies of monasteries  MA53/79
  • Atkins, Sir Ivor; on ASC ‘D’ manuscript  91/11, 12, 16
  • Atkyns, Sir Robert  08/26n37; 16/28
  • Augustine of Canterbury, St  88/3–5; 07/3
  • translation of remains  13/4–5
  • Augustine of Hippo, St; on number eight  02/21, 22
  • Augustinian order; St Oswald’s Priory, Gloucester  92/29
  • aula (ecclesiastical or royal building)  89/4&n11; 96/29–30n74; 99/3–5
  • aumbries in high-level chapel, Deerhurst church (OP40, OP41)  MA53/39, 43, 45, 46, 65, 84–5
  • Ausonia (Auxonne-sur-Saône, France); Ælfheah robbed at  12/4
  • Auxerre, France
  • abbey of Saint-Germain  AJ88/143, 147
  • Cathedral  09/7
  • Avenel the cook, Domesday tenant of Netheridge in Quedgeley  98/25, 33
  • Avening, Glos; Domesday and Caen Abbey surveys  98/15, 16, 21
  • axe marks, Norman diagonal, Deerhurst church
  • in south aisle  09/13, 15, 15, 47, 47
  • on stone panels  AJ86/69, 73
  • Azur, chamberlain of abbot Brihtheah of Pershore  18/12, 13
  • Badgeworth, Glos
  • Domesday Book  92/16; 98/2, 20, 25, 26, 32–47
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • leased by Gloucester old minster to Stamarcot (c. 1022)  92/15–17
  • possibly in Cheltenham minster parish  97/9
  • Bagshaw, Steve
  • on Deerhurst church
  • building stone  00/23; 03/1–28; AJ86/85–97; AJ88/110; MA53/38
  • construction sequence  AJ88/110, 113; MA53/38
  • paint on outside of chancel arch  AJ88/132-3
  • painted figure  AJ86/66-109
  • role in discovery  14/1-2, 4, 5; AJ86/67, 68
  • tribute to  03/29
  • Bailey, Charles, architect and archaeologist  AJ86/103
  • Bailey, Richard N, on Deerhurst Anglo-Saxon sculptures  02/1–32
  • angel on apse  02/11-14, 24
  • beast heads  02/1-7
  • date of sculptures  02/2-7, 10-11, 12-13, 17-21; AJ88/114; MA53/38
  • font  02/14-23, 24
  • Virgin Mary figure  02/7-11, 24; 14/39-40
  • Bakewell, Derbys; nave aisles in church  09/46
  • Baldwin, monk of St Denis, physician to Edward the Confessor
  • Edward grants lands at Deerhurst  91/18; 96/8, 9, 18; 09/2; 11/1; 18/1, 2, 5–6, 9–20, 21
  • later abbot of Bury St Edmunds  96/26n44; 18/5
  • baptism, in Anglo-Saxon and Norman churches  13/1–23
  • association with burial  13/4–5, 7–9, 8, 10, 14, 16
  • canon law on  13/18n2
  • early depictions  14/24, 25, 26
  • location
  • Anglo-Saxon period  13/4–11, 6, 7, 8, 9
  • from C12  13/11–13, 14, 15, 17
  • near altar  13/4, 5–11, 14, 16
  • in nave  13/11–13, 13, 14, 17
  • in porticus  13/4, 7, 7, 9-10, 16, 17
  • minsters’ rights  13/10, 11
  • parish churches’ rights  13/11, 14, 17
  • theology  13/14–16, 17
  • see also baptisteries; fonts
  • baptisteries
  • in chambers near altar  13/4, 5–11, 14, 16
  • octagonal  02/21–3
  • in porticus  13/4, 7, 7, 9-10, 16
  • in transept of St Peter’s, Rome  07/8
  • Barberini Gospels (Vatican City, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana MS Barberini lat. 570)  02/20–1
  • Bardney, Lincs; relics of St Oswald transferred to Gloucester  92/6; 19/16
  • Barker, Philip; on Worcester Cathedral blind arcades  09/8
  • Barking, Essex; charter of Æthelred (1013)  18/14
  • barley, brewing beer from  05/6–7
  • Barnack, Peterborough
  • Barnack stone  09/7–8
  • church tower
  • prokrossoi  02/5
  • roundels  86/4
  • upper external doorway  MA53/87
  • Barnwell, P S; place of baptism in Anglo-Saxon churches  13/1–23
  • Barnwood, Glos
  • Domesday Book  98/2, 32–47
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16–17
  • served by St Mary de Lode  97/10
  • Barrow Hill, Hasfield, Glos  90/7
  • Barton Regis, Glos; Domesday entry  98/24
  • Barton-upon-Humber, Lincs; St Peter’s Church
  • baptistery in porticus  13/7, 7
  • carved and painted stone  02/27n30; AJ86/98
  • font  02/17
  • internal gallery or walkway around tower  MA53/65, 79
  • basic rectangle, Deerhurst church  00/18, 19, 20, 21, 22
  • Bassett, Steven
  • on Deerhurst and Tewkesbury  97/10-20; 18/14
  • on origins of parishes of Deerhurst area  97/1-31
  • Bath, Avon
  • Ælfheah at  91/8; 08/22; 12/2, 12
  • siting of abbey church and St Mary de Stalls  92/28
  • Bawit, Egypt  02/9
  • Bayeux Tapestry; hand-bell ringers in funeral procession  MA53/85
  • beast-heads, Deerhurst church  02/1–7; 14/2–4; AJ88/114–30, 133–6, 139, 143, 145, 154
  • attachments, likelihood of  02/2; AJ88/118, 129, 145
  • blocked-out, on second-floor external door  00/22; 02/1, 27n26; MA53/43&n25
  • carving  02/1–7, 3, 4, 6
  • chancel arch  AJ88/114–15
  • dating  00/22; 02/2–7; AJ88/111–12, 114
  • limewash residues  AJ88/115, 118, 122–3, 126
  • north side  02/1, 2, 3, 5; AJ88/110, 114–15, 133, 134–5
  • carving  02/5
  • polychrome decoration  02/2; 14/2, 3; AJ88/110
  • description  AJ88/133, 134–5
  • paintwork extends to arch  14/3; AJ88/110, 115, 118
  • physical history and present condition  AJ88/110, 114–15, 116–18, 118, 121–3
  • pigments and paint stratigraphy  AJ88/126–8, 127–8, 145, 154
  • possible medieval repainting  AJ88/115
  • reconstruction  14/2, 3; AJ88/134–5
  • sampling and analysis  AJ88/122, 126–8, 127–8, 156–7
  • south side
  • carving  02/5
  • polychrome decoration  02/2; AJ88/117, 118, 123, 133, 136
  • dating  00/18, 22; 02/2–7; AJ88/111–12, 114; MA53/38, 56
  • limewash residues  AJ88/115, 118, 122–4, 126
  • in manuscripts  02/7; AJ88/145
  • metalwork parallels  02/5, 7; AJ88/114
  • painted to resemble metalwork  AJ88/154
  • plaster repairs  AJ88/122–5, 126
  • porch and/or tower
  • ground floor, eastern face of median arch (OP2)  02/1–2; AJ88/112, 112
  • carving  02/5
  • dating  00/22; 02/5–7
  • description  AJ88/139
  • limewash residues  AJ88/115, 124, 126
  • north side  02/5; AJ88/119, 124
  • not in original location  02/2; 14/4; MA53/56n56
  • polychrome decoration  02/2; 14/4, 4; AJ88/115, 119–20, 124–5, 126, 129, 130, 139, 157
  • south side  02/1, 4; AJ88/120, 125
  • second-floor western external doorway (OP8)  00/22; 02/1, 27n26; MA53/43&n25
  • presumed polychrome decoration  MA53/43n25
  • south door  02/1, 5; AJ88/112
  • see also prokrossoi
  • Beatus, manuscripts of
  • Las Huelgas (New York, Morgan Library M.429)  MA53/77n120
  • Tábara (Madrid, Archivo Histórico Nacional Cod. 1097B)  MA53/35, 77, 78, 79, 80–1, 82, 85, 86
  • Beauchamp, Henry, 14th earl and 1st duke of Warwick  11/10
  • Beauchamp, John, of Holt, tenant of Deerhurst (d.1388)  11/5–6
  • Bec, abbey of, France  12/3
  • Becket, St Thomas, and Great Malvern Priory  08/16–17, 18, 20
  • Beckford, Worcs
  • Domesday Book  97/21
  • parish boundaries  97/2, 13, 17
  • minster  97/1, 8–9, 13, 20, 21–4
  • Bede
  • on burials in porticus of church of SS Peter and Paul, Canterbury  13/4
  • on Cædmon  05/2–3
  • Epistola ad Ecgberthum, on bookland held by laymen  91/5
  • importance in Carolingian renascence  07/3
  • Lives of St Cuthbert (Cambridge, Corpus Christi College MS 183)  AJ86/80
  • on number eight  02/21, 22
  • beer  05/6–7
  • Beho, Belgium; church of St Peter  AJ86/100; MA53/35, 70–6, 73, 81, 82, 84–5, 86
  • belfries and bell-towers
  • Deerhurst church  MA53/36, 47, 50
  • relationship to west end of nave  00/17
  • Romanesque sculpture reused in  09/1, 16–18, 17, 50
  • external walkways  MA53/81, 85
  • bell-pit, Gloucester St Oswald  89/5
  • bell-trap, Deerhurst  MA53/59
  • Benedict III, pope; epitaph  99/29
  • Benedict of Aniane, St  88/6–7
  • Benedict Biscop  88/5; AJ88/152
  • Benedictine order
  • late medieval promotion of antiquity and high status of Order  08/17–19
  • possible C10 presence at Deerhurst  91/8–9; 99/6; AJ86/97–8
  • reform, C10  91/8–9; 92/8–9, 10; 96/12–13; 97/1-3
  • archbishops of Canterbury trained in reformed houses  12/2
  • and Deerhurst  89/3–4; 91/8–9; 97/3; 18/18-19
  • Dunstan’s role  88/7
  • endowments include appropriated minster estates  96/12–13
  • and Gloucester minsters  92/8–10, 14–15, 29; 97/1, 3
  • ritual prescribed by Regularis Concordia  89/3
  • scripts associated with  99/6
  • Rule of St Benedict  88/5, 6–7
  • Benedictional of St Æthelwold (London, BL Add MS 49598)
  • illustration of dedication of church, f.118v  86/13; 00/8
  • scripts  99/6, 17
  • benefactors, Deerhurst; window depicting  11/Back cover
  • Beoley, Worcs  18/6
  • Beorhtric, king of the West Saxons
  • erroneous report of burial at Tewkesbury  97/12
  • founder and patron of churches  19/6, 19n48
  • Beorhtric son of Ælfgar, lord of Tewkesbury  06/9–11; 18/14, 15
  • kinship and associations  06/6, 9–11
  • Odda’s likely kinship  96/16; 18/14, 15
  • landholdings  96/10, 19, 20, 26n49; 97/7, 11, 14; 98/20, 32–3, 38-9; 18/2, 12, 14, 15
  • pass to Queen Matilda after Conquest  97/11, 14; 98/20
  • and Tewkesbury Abbey  96/12; 97/11, 12
  • in witness lists  06/4, 6, 9–11
  • Beorhtric son of Dodda cild  96/14
  • Beornoth, ætheling  19/13
  • Beowulf and oral tradition  05/6
  • Berengar of Tours  13/14
  • berewicks, Domesday
  • Deerhurst  90/6; 96/8, 19; 07/29n15; 18/2, 4, 15
  • Tewkesbury  18/14–15
  • Berkeley, Glos
  • Castle; chevron ornament on doorway to keep  09/26
  • Ceolburh dies as abbess of  91/6
  • church
  • Æthelred remits food rent payable to kings of Mercia  19/2
  • and Ashleworth  97/10
  • carved stone  09/59n169, 59n171
  • double minster  89/1
  • Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 24
  • Dursley tufa quarries on estate  03/26n17
  • familia, and will of Æthelric  91/3–4, 6–7; 19/4-5, 9
  • minster  89/1; 97/10
  • mint under Edward the Confessor  98/28n10
  • Berlin, Germany; C6/7 gold disks with clipeus design  02/9
  • Bernard, earl of Hereford (unsubstantiated figure, depicted in window at Great Malvern Priory)  08/2, 3
  • Bernard of Neufmarché  08/24n4
  • Bernard of St Valery  09/39
  • Bernard, Domesday holder of Stoke Orchard and part of Fiddington  98/25, 39, 43
  • Bernay Abbey, Eure, France  09/7, 54n58
  • Berrow, Worcs
  • in Beckford minster parish  97/8
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16
  • parochial affiliation to Overbury  97/22, 23
  • Berry, Mary; on liturgical music  88/1–12
  • Berth Hill, Eldersfield, Worcs  90/8
  • Bertha, queen, and wife of Æthelbert, king of Kent  88/4
  • Beverley Minster, E Yorks
  • Ealdred’s building works  92/20–1, 23; 96/30n77, 30n80
  • Ealdred’s Germanic style metalwork for  99/37n26
  • Beverstone, Glos; church capitals  09/59nn169, 17
  • Bewcastle, Cumbria; stone cross  99/9
  • Bibury, Glos
  • church; chamfer stops  09/37, 58n167
  • minster abandons monastic rule by late C9  97/1
  • Bicester Priory, Oxon  09/59n170
  • Bicknor, English, Glos; chamfer stops in church  09/37
  • Bierzo region, Spain; balconies of traditional houses  MA53/79, 80
  • Billingham, Co Durham; upper external doorway in church tower  MA53/87–8
  • Bilson, John; on volute capitals  09/11
  • Bingley, W Yorks; font  14/26, 27
  • Bird, W H; on Deerhurst nave arcades  09/31
  • Birlingham, Worcs
  • Domesday tenants, Dunning and Ælfric  18/11
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • Birtsmorton, Worcs
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16
  • tributary lands of Longdon manor in  96/9, 20
  • bishops; episcopate dominated by monks, late C10–11  12/2
  • Bishops Cleeve, Glos
  • church
  • C12 nave aisles  09/46
  • south porch detached shafts  09/38
  • church scot, C9  97/6
  • Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 4, 20, 25, 32, 38–43
  • land transfers to Deerhurst, C10–11  97/6–7, 10
  • minster abandons monastic rule by late C9  97/1
  • minster foundation  97/1, 6
  • parish, extent of
  • medieval  97/2, 6–7, 10, 13, 20
  • C19 ecclesiastical  97/17
  • woodlands, leah place-names  90/12–14
  • Bishops Norton, Glos; Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 4, 20, 25, 32–47
  • Bisley, Glos; Domesday Book  98/5, 7
  • Bitton church, S Glos; capitals  09/59n169
  • Blaeu, G and J; map of Gloucestershire (1648)  16/26
  • Blair, John
  • on churches with soffit rolls  09/7
  • suggests Odda invaded Deerhurst minster precinct  18/15
  • Blake and Waring, London architectural restorers  09/45
  • Blockley, Glos; Anglo-Saxon landscape  90/10, 11
  • board games, Anglo-Saxon  05/2, 8, 10
  • Boddington, Glos
  • Domesday Book  96/9–10, 19; 97/14; 98/2
  • manor in 1086  98/2, 3, 4
  • map of minster estates  90/6
  • parish boundaries, C19 ecclesiastical  97/17
  • parochial affiliations
  • Cheltenham minster  97/9, 10
  • Deerhurst  90/6; 96/19; 97/3, 10; 18/3, 4
  • Tewkesbury  96/9–10; 97/14; 98/2
  • Bokenhull, John, monk of Westminster (fl. 1376-77))  11/4
  • Bolton, Timothy
  • on Odda’s early career  06/1-20
  • on Olney treaty  06/15; 16/1-2
  • bonding or abutting of walls  03/23
  • Boniface III, pope; epitaph  99/29
  • Boniface V, pope; epitaph  99/29
  • Boniface, St, apostle of Germany  07/3–4
  • Book of Cerne (Cambridge, CUL MS Ll. 1.10)
  • figural style  02/13, 14
  • figures holding draped book in left hand  14/33, 35; AJ86/76, 77
  • foliate scroll  02/20
  • prayers  02/14
  • Book of Hours, Use of Sarum (London, BL MS Harley 2900, f.56v)  08/18
  • Book of Kells (Dublin, TCD MS 58)
  • eight disks on resurrection cross  02/22
  • fictive architecture of canon table  AJ88/147–8, 148
  • bookland (church property in which kin of donor retained legitimate interest)  89/3; 91/3–7; 96/26–7n50
  • books
  • display on feast days  MA53/83
  • figures holding in draped hand  14/33, 35; AJ86/70–2, 73, 75–80, 75–9
  • see also manuscripts cited
  • bordarii (smallholders), Domesday Book  98/18, 22, 23–4
  • Bosbury, Herefs; font  14/26, 27
  • boundaries, Deerhurst
  • minster precinct  89/2; 00/7–8; 18/15–18
  • to north of church  90/7
  • parish, origins of  90/12
  • boundary clauses
  • Cutsdean/Broadway  90/11
  • for Deerhurst minster, Westminster Domesday, S 1151  90/2–3, 5–7; 18/19
  • evidence on landscape  90/2–3
  • Hawling  90/14
  • Bourton on the Hill, Glos; Domesday Book  96/18, 19; 97/15; 98/32–47; 18/4
  • Bowen, E and T Kitchin; Royal English Atlas (1762)  16/26
  • bowls, Anglo-Saxon silver-gilt  07/8–8
  • Boxgrove church, Sussex; nave aisles  09/46
  • Bradford on Avon, Wilts
  • angel sculpture  02/12
  • carved spiral ornament  02/20
  • Bradston, Thomas de, lessee of Deerhurst Priory, 1344-45  11/4
  • Brakspear, Sir Harold; on West Country school of masons  09/38
  • Bramfield, Edmund, monk of Bury St Edmunds  11/4
  • Brauweiler, Germany; chapter house  AJ86/105n35
  • Brawn, Glos; Domesday Book  98/2, 20, 21, 32–47
  • Breamore church, Hants
  • south porticus as possible baptistery  13/9–10, 9
  • transeptal chapels  86/12
  • Bredon, Worcs
  • in Anglo-Saxon landscape  90/10
  • capitals in church  09/59n171
  • extent of parish  90/9; 97/2, 8, 13, 17
  • minster
  • abandons monastic rule by late C9  97/1
  • estates pass to church of Worcester  90/11
  • foundation  97/8
  • Offa’s gifts of land  90/9; 97/8
  • Bredon Hill, Worcs, in Anglo-Saxon landscape  90/8–9, 10, 12
  • Bredon’s Norton, Worcs
  • in Bredon minster parish  97/8
  • Dodda cild receives land from bishop of Worcester  96/14
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • Breedon-on-the-Hill, Leics; carvings in Priory church
  • archangel  14/32, 34
  • plant scroll  AJ88/148
  • spiral pattern  02/20
  • Virgin Mary, holding draped book  AJ86/77
  • Bremesbyrig; Æthelflaed builds burh  19/23n132
  • Brescia, Italy; church of San Salvatore  AJ88/147
  • brewing  05/6–7
  • brick, reused Roman  03/8
  • Bricklehampton, Worcs  97/17
  • Brictric, witness of charters under Æthelred and Cnut  06/3
  • Bridlington Priory, E Yorks; octagonal column bases  09/25
  • Brihtheah, abbot of Pershore, bishop of Worcester  96/11, 13, 14; 18/12–13
  • Brihtsige, son of ætheling Beornoth  19/13
  • Brihtsige, witness of charters under Æthelred and Cnut  06/4
  • Brihtwold, bishop of Ramsbury; inscription at Glastonbury  99/10–11, 14, 27
  • Brimpsfield, Glos
  • Domesday Book  98/5, 7; 18/11
  • parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • Bristol
  • cathedral, St Augustine’s Abbey; stone carving  09/23, 24, 24, 38, 46, 48, 58n167
  • Domesday record  98/6, 18
  • masons’ training, C12  09/42, 50
  • mint  98/6
  • St James’s Priory
  • daughter house of Tewkesbury Abbey  11/12
  • sculpture  09/24, 38, 46
  • St Mary Redcliffe
  • sculpture  09/38, 42
  • ‘sepulchre’ for Eastertide services (1470)  86/17
  • St Philip and St Jacob; stone carving  09/42
  • Britford, Wilts; church of St Peter  13/7–9, 8; AJ88/145, 147
  • British/Old English language change; place-names as evidence  90/2
  • British Archaeological Association; visit to Deerhurst (1846)  AJ86/102–3
  • British foundation at Deerhurst, possible  90/1
  • Brixworth, Northants; All Saints’ church
  • Anglo-Saxon period reference  91/2
  • and Beorhtric, king of the West Saxons  19/6
  • bonding and abutment of walls  03/28n55
  • dependency of Old Sarum cathedral after Conquest  91/27n48
  • porticus  86/12
  • reused Roman building material  03/24
  • upper-storey chapel in western tower  86/14
  • Broadway, Worcs; in Pershore Abbey estate  18/6, 16–17
  • Broadwell, Leckhampton, Glos; Domesday Book  98/2, 5, 7, 13, 20, 32–47
  • Brockeridge Common, Twyning, Glos; quarry  03/25n13
  • Brockhampton, Glos; in Bishops Cleeve minster parish  97/6
  • Brockworth, Glos
  • Cooper’s Hill quarry  03/26n20
  • Domesday Book  98/2, 20, 25, 32–47
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • possibly in Cheltenham minster parish  97/9
  • Brogne Abbey, Belgium  88/7n4
  • Bromsgrove, John, prior of Deerhurst  11/12
  • Bromsgrove, Worcs; Domesday record  07/29n15
  • Bromyard, Herefs; font  13/2, 3
  • Bronowski, Jacob; on Goldsmith’s The Deserted Village  05/1
  • Brooke, Christopher; on Gloucester Historia  92/26
  • Brooks, Alan, on Deerhurst
  • on column re-used in Priory Farm  09/9
  • on date of arch to south-east chapel  09/2
  • on remodelling of nave  09/31
  • Brooks, Nicholas
  • on Ælfheah  12/1–15
  • on ASC  16/5
  • on Canterbury charter  91/22
  • Brookthorpe, Glos
  • Domesday Book  98/2, 32–47
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16–17
  • Brown, Baldwin
  • on Langford church  09/7
  • photograph of Deerhurst Angel  02/12
  • Brown, Julian; on St Cuthbert’s coffin  02/14
  • Brown, Michelle; on Book of Cerne  02/13
  • Bruckner, A; on Worcester charter S 59  91/20
  • Brussels, Belgium; English reliquary cross  99/12–13, 14, 22–3
  • Bryant, Richard
  • excavations of St Oswald’s, Gloucester  19/16
  • on Lypiatt cross  02/2
  • on paint and sculpture at Deerhurst church  14/1-51; AJ86/67, 68; AJ88/109–64
  • on painted figure at Deerhurst  AJ86/66-109
  • on St Oswald, Gloucester cross-shaft  02/7
  • Buckland, William, prior of Deerhurst  11/9
  • Buckler, J C; on Deerhurst
  • on arch to south-east chapel  09/6
  • on column re-used in Priory Farm  09/8, 11
  • on remodelling of nave  09/29-30
  • Budgegode, Anthony, associate of Thomas Cromwell  11/12
  • building sequence, Deerhurst church  see construction sequence
  • building stone  03/1–28
  • brick/ceramic tile
  • in Deerhurst church  03/12, 18, 18, 19, 20
  • reuse of Roman  03/8
  • limestone
  • combined with sandstone  03/4–5
  • TYPES
  • Bath Stone; C19 use in restoring Deerhurst church  03/3, 10; AJ86/88
  • Carboniferous  03/3
  • Guiting Hill Stone  03/18
  • Lias  03/3–5
  • in Deerhurst church  03/12, 13, 14, 15, 15, 16, 16, 18, 19, 20–22; AJ86/88–90, 89, 91–2; MA53/38
  • use to block sockets  AJ86/92; MA53/58, 60, 62&n65
  • sources, physical properties, use in area  03/3–5
  • Lower Freestone (Cleeve Cloud Member)  03/9
  • Oolitic (Cotswold)
  • in Deerhurst church  03/8, 9–10, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16–18, 18, 19, 22, 22, 23; AJ86/86, 88, 90, 91, 92
  • sources, physical properties, use in area  03/2–3
  • Painswick Stone  03/3, 9
  • Peagrit  03/9–10, 12, 17, 18, 22, 22, 23
  • tufa
  • in Deerhurst church  03/12, 19, 20, 21
  • reuse of Roman  03/8
  • sources, physical properties, use in area  03/4
  • medieval legislation prescribing stone altars and fonts  13/15, 17
  • non-local types  03/7–12
  • petrological drawings  03/12–23, 13, 16–18, 20–22
  • polychrome masonry  03/10, 11, 12; 09/37–8
  • in restoration and repairs, C19
  • Deerhurst church  03/3, 8, 10, 25n13; AJ86/88
  • Gloucester Cathedral  03/2
  • reused
  • Roman
  • Deerhurst  89/4; 03/9, 19, 24; AJ86/89, 92; MA53/38
  • in wall foundation parallel to west end of church  00/13–15, 14–15
  • Gloucester, St Oswald’s  89/4
  • Staunton, St James  03/7, 7–8, 8–9
  • Anglo-Saxon soffit rolls, Worcester Cathedral  09/8
  • C11–13 carved stones removed from Deerhurst Priory
  • column in Priory Farm  09/8–12, 9–10, 50
  • Romanesque sculpture in church tower  09/1, 16–18, 17, 50
  • at Wightfield Manor, The Minstrels, and churchyard wall  09/1, 18–27, 19–23
  • undated quernstone, Deerhurst  03/15; AJ86/89
  • sandstone
  • combined with limestone  03/4–5
  • in local medieval churches  03/5, 6, 7–8, 7, 8–9
  • quality  03/5, 9
  • reuse of Roman  03/7–8, 7, 8–9, 19, 24; AJ86/89, 92; MA53/38
  • sources  03/1, 5, 6, 7, 23–4
  • TYPES
  • Arden Sandstone
  • at Deerhurst church
  • east end  03/12, 13, 14, 15, 16–18, 19, 24; AJ86/86, 88–9, 90; MA53/38
  • porch and/or tower  03/22, 22–3, 24; MA53/38, 41
  • sources, physical characteristics, use in area  03/5, 6, 7
  • Brownstones  AJ86/86, 88, 89–90, 91, 92
  • Highley Stone
  • sources, physical characteristics, use in area  03/10, 11, 12
  • south nave arcade  03/10, 11, 12; 09/37–8
  • south porticus; arch to south nave aisle, and doorway from chancel  09/12–13, 15, 15
  • in walls  03/12, 13, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 23
  • west aisle, arches  09/28
  • May Hill Sandstone; probable quern, reused as quoin  03/15; AJ86/89
  • Old Red Sandstone
  • in Deerhurst church  03/12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 16, 17, 17, 18, 22, 23; AJ86/86, 88, 89–90, 91, 92
  • from restoration (1861–2)  03/8
  • reuse of Roman  03/7–8, 7, 8–9; AJ86/92
  • sources  03/7
  • in Staunton church  03/7–8, 7, 8–9
  • Pennant Sandstone
  • in Deerhurst church  03/12, 13, 14, 18, 19, 20–22, 23; AJ86/87, 90, 91, 92
  • reuse of Roman  03/8, 19; AJ86/92
  • sources  03/3, 8
  • timber churches possibly converted to stone  13/14–15
  • Deerhurst church  00/8–10, 20; AJ86/84
  • transport by river  03/10, 11, 12
  • types, sources, physical properties, instances of use  03/2–12
  • see also petrology and under individual elements of Deerhurst church
  • Buildwas Abbey, Shrops; capitals  09/25
  • Bulley, Glos
  • Domesday Book  98/5, 7
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16
  • St Michael’s Church
  • Highley Stone  03/12; 09/13
  • polychrome masonry  09/37–8
  • in Westbury-on-Severn minster parish  97/10
  • burgesses, Domesday contributory  98/6, 7
  • Burgred, king of the Mercians
  • Æthelred witnesses charters of  19/7
  • benefactor of Gloucester old minster  92/2
  • exile and burial in Rome  92/3; 07/6
  • relations with Wessex  19/8, 10
  • burhs
  • Æthelred and Æthelflæd’s building of  19/15-16, 23n132
  • Deerhurst manor-house or burh
  • buildings attached to  89/2; 00/7; 18/15–18
  • likely location  96/8
  • Gloucester  92/3
  • Worcester  92/4
  • burial(s)
  • baptism associated with  13/4–5, 7–9, 8, 10, 14, 16
  • and bell-ringing  MA53/85
  • at Deerhurst, of priests, in churchyard  00/14, 14–15
  • fees; disputes between minsters and estate-churches  96/13
  • in nave aisles  09/46
  • in porticus  09/46; 13/10
  • Burley, Richard de, tenant of Deerhurst, 1383  11/5
  • Burmington Manor, Warks; capitals  09/59n169
  • Burney, Charles; on Voltaire’s inscription on chapel at Ferney  99/1–2
  • burning, Deerhurst church
  • arch to SE chapel  09/2, 6, 14, 50
  • and remodelling of south porticus  09/14, 15, 16, 50
  • Bury Psalter (Vatican City, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana MS Reg lat. 12)  AJ86/76–7
  • Bury St Edmunds Abbey, Suffolk
  • Baldwin’s abbacy  96/26n44; 18/5
  • foundation myth  08/16
  • and reform  92/15
  • Buscot, Berks; font  13/2, 3
  • Bushley, Worcs
  • Domesday Book  96/9, 26n49; 97/14
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • in Tewkesbury hundred and parish  97/14
  • Butler, Lawrence
  • on Cassy family  09/26-7
  • work at Deerhurst  00/1
  • Butterworth, Revd George, vicar of Deerhurst (1856-93); on Deerhurst church
  • arch to south-east chapel  09/6
  • beast heads  02/1–2
  • coffin lid  09/48
  • column re-used in Priory Farm  09/8
  • doorway from chancel to south porticus  09/15
  • east wall  AJ86/84
  • painted plaster  AJ86/100, 103
  • remodelling
  • of nave  09/28-9, 30, 31
  • of south porticus  09/12, 13
  • Roman finds under church  00/19
  • stone panels  AJ86/67–8, 84
  • Butterworth, Susan; on Deerhurst wall-paintings  AJ86/103, 104
  • Byrhtferth of Ramsey
  • Life of St Oswald  91/8; 18/8
  • Northumbrian annals written by  91/13
  • Byrhtric  see Beorhtric son of Ælfgar
  • Bywell, Northumberland
  • St Andrew’s church; upper external doorway in tower  MA53/87–8
  • St Peter’s church; spring in porticus, possibly baptistery  13/4
  • Byzantine Empire
  • iconoclasm  07/25
  • influences on Deerhurst Virgin figure  02/9–10; 14/39–41; AJ88/150–2
  • Cáceres, Spain; El Gatillo de Arriba, baptistery  13/6, 7
  • Cædmon  05/2–3
  • Cædwalla, king of the West Saxons  99/7
  • Caen, France; William I’s and Matilda of Flanders’ foundations
  • Abbey of Holy Trinity; Gloucestershire estates  98/15–16, 21
  • church of Saint-Étienne; architectural style  09/54n58
  • William Rufus’ gifts to  99/14
  • Calcot, Glos
  • Domesday Book  96/20; 98/17, 32–47
  • ownership passes to Saint-Denis  96/18
  • calendars, Anglo-Saxon illustrated  05/2, 4–5
  • Cambridge, King’s College; property at Deerhurst  11/9, 11
  • Cambridgeshire Inquest, Domesday  98/10
  • Camden, William; on The Naight at Deerhurst  16/26, 28–9
  • Campbell, James; on sources on Anglo-Saxon period  91/1
  • Canterbury, Kent
  • archbishop, and dispute between prior of Deerhurst and St Denis (1345)  11/4
  • archbishops trained in reformed houses, late C10–11  12/2
  • archives, documentary sources  91/7
  • ASC ‘D’ version possibly produced at  91/26–7n42
  • Augustine’s mission, and music  88/3–5
  • Cathedral
  • Ælfheah’s remains translated from London  91/17; 12/11
  • Alphege (Ælfheah) window  12/1–2, 7–10, 13, 14
  • late medieval Old English revival  08/21
  • Christ Church
  • baptistery  13/4, 16
  • scalloped capitals  09/25
  • Osbern’s career  12/3–4
  • St Augustine’s Abbey
  • manuscript illustration drawn at  AJ86/77, 77
  • polychrome capital  AJ88/143
  • wall-painting fragments  AJ86/83
  • SS Peter and Paul; burials in porticus  13/4–5
  • Viking attacks  12/5, 13, Pls.1, 2, 4
  • Canterbury Gospels, or Royal Bible (London, BL MS Royal 1 E VI)  02/20; AJ88/145, 147
  • Cantilupe, Walter de, bishop of Worcester; and priors of Deerhurst  11/3
  • capitals, Deerhurst church
  • chancel arch  AJ88/132, 132
  • nave arcades  09/27, 31, 34–46, 32–6, 39-45, 50
  • possible Romanesque plaster-work  09/6, 6
  • reused locally
  • medieval  09/1, 18, 19–20, 22–5, 22–3
  • volute, of column in Priory Farm  09/8–12, 9–10, 50
  • Capitula of Aachen (817)  88/6–7
  • carmina cancellata, carmina figurata  99/30, 31–2, 33
  • Carolingian period  07/3-4, 5
  • ‘Ada’ school of art  AJ86/78–9, 79
  • unification of Roman and Gallican liturgies and their music  88/6; 07/21
  • cartularies
  • earliest English, of Worcester church  91/7
  • for north Gloucestershire  98/26
  • see also Hemming’s Cartulary
  • carving  see sculpture
  • Cassey, Henry, lessee of Priory House, Deerhurst, 1591  16/26
  • Cassian; Collationes (Oxford, Bodleian MS Hatton 23)  08/20
  • Casson, Sir Hugh; on Deerhurst Virgin panel  AJ88/114
  • Cassy, Elizabeth, of Wightfield (d.1550)  09/26–7
  • Cassy, Robert, of Wightfield (d.1547)  09/26–7
  • Castledermot, Co Kildare; South Cross  14/17, 19
  • Castlemorton, Worcs
  • C17 Deerhurst font installed in chapel of ease  14/14
  • parish boundaries  97/7, 16
  • Castor, Peterborough; carved stone panel  AJ86/76
  • Catherine of Alexandria, St
  • monastery, Sinai; depictions of Virgin  02/9; AJ88/150
  • window at Deerhurst  11/Front cover
  • censer, North Elmham  02/26n19
  • central space, Deerhurst church  00/19, 21, 21
  • Ceolburh, mother of Æthelric  07/1
  • abbess at death  91/6; 07/2; 19/19n38
  • Æthelric’s bequest of lands  91/3, 6; 07/2; 19/4, 5
  • ASC reference to death  19/5
  • possible connection with Æthelred, lord of the Mercians  19/3, 4-5
  • Ceolfrith, abbot of Jarrow  99/2–3, 21
  • Ceolric, witness to early C11 charters  06/4
  • Ceolwulf II, king of the Mercians  19/7-8
  • coinage  19/7-8
  • and Danes  92/3; 19/7, 8, 11
  • and Overbury  97/22–3
  • Cerisy-la-Forêt, Manche, France; capitals of abbey church  09/11
  • Cerne, Book of (Cambridge, CUL MS Ll. 1.10)
  • figural style  02/13, 14
  • figures holding draped book in left hand  14/33, 35; AJ86/76, 77
  • foliate scroll  02/20
  • prayers  02/14
  • Chaceley, Glos
  • church of St John the Baptist; use of Arden Sandstone  03/5
  • Corse Chase extended into  90/7
  • parish boundaries  97/7, 16–17
  • place-name; edge of woodland environment  90/4
  • tributary lands of Longdon manor in  96/9, 20
  • chalice and paten, medieval base metal, in Deerhurst priest’s burial  00/15
  • chancel, Deerhurst church
  • as ‘central space’ in original church  00/19, 21, 21
  • construction sequence  03/14–15; AJ86/84
  • cross-wall  00/19; 14/4; AJ86/98, 99; MA53/36, 37
  • east wall
  • blocked openings (OP37/38)
  • construction  AJ86/84–5, 89, 90, 91–5, 93, 95
  • function  AJ86/100, 102
  • drawings of internal elevation  AJ86/101
  • Strickland (1862)  00/8, 9
  • late medieval window  AJ86/84, 92–5, 93, 95, 100
  • petrology and structure  03/12, 13, 14–15, 23; AJ86/84, 85–97, 86–7, 89, 93
  • relationship with apse  00/5, 18, 22; 03/14; AJ86/84–95, 86–7, 96
  • restoration (1861–2)  03/14–15
  • string-course indicating high-level floor  AJ86/98–9, 101
  • see also chancel arch; triangular-headed panels
  • high-level chamber  14/4, 5, 6; AJ86/94, 96, 98–100, 102
  • see also triangular-headed panels
  • north wall  00/8, 9–11
  • beast-head label stops found in blocked doorway  02/2
  • high-level round-headed opening  00/8, 9
  • triangular-headed doorway to north aisle (OP20)  AJ86/74
  • putlog holes and timber contents  00/10, 11, 11–12; AJ88/113
  • south wall
  • doorway to south porticus  09/1, 13, 15–16, 15, 50
  • high-level round-headed opening  00/8, 9
  • string-course  00/10–11, 20, 22; AJ86/98–9, 101
  • see also chancel arch
  • chancel arch, Deerhurst church (OP13)
  • blocking wall  03/8
  • capitals  AJ88/132, 132
  • carving  AJ88/130–9, 132, 134–5, 137–8
  • see also plant scroll below
  • component parts  AJ88/111, 112
  • condition of stonework  AJ88/118, 121
  • construction sequence and dating  00/18; 02/27n26; AJ86/93, 95–7; AJ88/111; MA53/56
  • drawings  00/9; AJ86/101
  • examination, 2002  AJ86/85
  • incised lines on hood mould  09/14
  • limewash  AJ88/115, 126, 127, 128
  • petrology and structure  03/8; AJ86/91, 95; AJ88/111, 126, 127
  • polychrome decoration  14/1–2, 1–3; AJ86/97; AJ88/130-9, 144-50, 154, 156–7
  • art-historical comparisons  AJ88/144–50, 146, 148-9
  • description of scheme  AJ88/130–9, 132, 134–5, 137–8
  • plant scroll  14/1-2, 1-2; AJ88/133, 136–9, 137–8, 145, 147-50, 148-9, 154
  • Deerhurst font compared  AJ88/148, 149, 150
  • reconstruction  14/1-2, 1-2; AJ88/133, 136–9, 137–8
  • restoration (1861–2)  03/8; AJ88/115, 118
  • tooling marks  AJ88/126, 127
  • see also under beast-heads
  • chant, ecclesiastical; Roman influence in Britain  88/3–5
  • chapels
  • Deerhurst church  see porticus (south-east); porch and/or tower (BY FLOOR LEVEL; second floor)
  • medieval parochial and manorial  97/3, 4
  • chapes, St Ninian’s Isle  02/7
  • chapter house, Deerhurst; presence in 1419  11/7
  • Charlemagne, king of the Franks and emperor
  • carmina cancellata written for  99/18, 26, 30, 31, 33
  • letter to Offa of the Mercians  90/11
  • and pope Leo III  07/3, 5
  • unification of Roman and Gallican liturgies under  88/6; 07/21
  • Charles VI, king of France  11/6, 7
  • Charlton Abbots, Glos; parish boundaries  97/9, 17
  • Charlton Kings, Glos; parish boundaries  97/9, 17
  • charters
  • form of Anglo-Saxon, and methodologies of use  06/2-3
  • see also boundary clauses; witness lists and under Barking; Edgar, king of the English; Henry I; William I; Worcester Cathedral; and Index of charters
  • chases, medieval  90/6, 7
  • Chatwin, J A, architect  MA53/41n20
  • Chaxhill, near Westbury-on-Severn, Glos; quarrying and burning of limestone  03/4
  • Chedworth, Glos
  • chamfer stops on church piers  09/58n167
  • parish boundaries  97/17
  • Chelsea, Synod of (816)  02/11; 07/26; 14/39; AJ86/100; AJ88/153
  • Cheltenham, Glos
  • Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 4, 12, 17, 20, 25, 26, 32–7; 18/11
  • Cheltenham Glebe  98/32–7
  • Cheltenham Hundred  98/2, 3, 17, 32–7
  • minster  97/1, 9, 21
  • extent of parish  97/2, 9–10, 13
  • parish boundaries, C19 ecclesiastical  97/17
  • Chester
  • ASC on restoration (907)  19/14
  • coinage of Æthelred or Æthelflaed  19/14, 17n14
  • Childswickham church, Worcs; rounded abaci  09/38
  • Chillenden, Thomas, prior of Canterbury  08/21
  • Chipping Sodbury church, S Glos; carved masonry  09/57n144, 58n157, 58n167
  • Christ, painted figures of  86/9–10; AJ86/75–80, 76–9
  • chronicles  12/13-14
  • ‘of Æthelred and Cnut’  16/4-5, 16
  • see also  Anglo-Saxon Chronicle; Gloucester Historia; Gregory of Caerwent; John of Worcester; Pershore Abbey (chronicle); Tewkesbury Chronicle; Thietmar
  • Chrysostom, John
  • on baptism  13/5, 9
  • on protection of towns by relics  MA53/88
  • Churcham, Glos
  • church architecture and sculpture  09/14
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16
  • parochial chapel  97/10
  • in Westbury-on-Severn minster parish  97/10
  • Churchdown, Glos
  • Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 4, 20, 25, 26, 32–7
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • in parish of St Oswald’s minster, Gloucester  97/9
  • churches
  • development of parochial geography  96/13; 97/3–6; 98/27
  • Domesday omissions  91/2; 97/3; 98/18; 18/3
  • Mercian tradition of royal and aristocratic foundations  19/6, 16
  • mother-daughter relationships  97/3–6
  • churchscot
  • Bishops Cleeve  97/6
  • Winchcombe Abbey  98/22–3, 27; 18/25n60
  • churchyard, Deerhurst
  • Roman foundation to west of church  00/20
  • scalloped capital built into wall  09/1, 22, 23
  • Cirencester, Glos
  • Abbey
  • Anglo-Saxon church building  07/31n75
  • cartulary  98/26
  • Danish army occupies for year after battle of Edington  19/8
  • Domesday Book  98/6; 18/11
  • market  98/6
  • Clapham, A W; on Deerhurst stone panels  AJ86/84
  • Clayton church, Sussex
  • Domesday valuation  09/8
  • east wall of nave
  • chancel arch  09/7, 8
  • mural painting of Christ in Majesty  86/9–10, Pl.II
  • clearance, Anglo-Saxon woodland  90/11
  • Clement VI, pope; and dispute between Deerhurst and St Denis  11/4
  • Cleobury Mortimer, Shrops; church capitals  09/59n174
  • clerestory, Deerhurst church
  • C15 insertion  11/13; AJ86/99
  • C19 herringbone work  03/10
  • clergy
  • benches in chancels  86/20
  • as diplomats  92/20
  • secular
  • colleges  97/18–19
  • Deerhurst as possible  91/9; 97/3; 18/18, 19; AJ86/98
  • early lack of distinction between monks and  89/2–3
  • replaced with monks at Winchester  88/8, 9
  • Clifford Chambers, Warks
  • Domesday; in manor of Tewkesbury  97/15, 18
  • possibly passed from Deerhurst to Tewkesbury in late Saxon period  97/18
  • clipeus, figures depicted in  02/9–10; 07/21, 23–4, 25; 14/39–46, 39–47; AJ88/150–2, 151
  • clock chamber, Deerhurst church  MA53/39, 47, 50, 52, 66
  • doorway towards nave (OP10)  MA53/39, 43, 45, 50, 56, 66, 69–70
  • original height  00/17; MA53/66, 69–70
  • relationship to west end of nave  00/17
  • Clofesho, synods or councils of, and will of Æthelric  07/1, 2; 19/4, 5
  • cloister, Deerhurst Priory
  • capitals reused at Wightfield Manor  09/22–4, 50
  • presence in 1419  11/7
  • Clonmacnoise cross  02/10, 22
  • Cluniac reforms  88/6–7, 9
  • Cnut, ‘the Great‘, king of the English, Danes and Norwegians
  • administrative continuity from Æthelred II  06/1-12
  • campaigns  06/1, 13–14, 15
  • siege of London  16/5, 9, 10, 16, 17, 20–1, 23
  • and church
  • gives Gloucester new minster lands to Duduc, bishop of Wells  92/10
  • gives Great Cross to New Minster, Winchester  99/11
  • gives shrine to Abingdon monastery  99/11, 13, 27
  • coins in Kingsholm hoard  92/16
  • court’s Scandinavian culture  16/3, 8
  • meeting with Edmund Ironside (1016)  see Olney by Deerhurst
  • Odda’s dealings with  96/5; 06/11–15
  • rule over Herefordshire, Gloucestershire and Worcestershire  06/1–2; 18/13, 14, 30–1
  • taxation; heregeld of 1018  92/16
  • sources
  • ASC  90/2; 91/9; 16/1–5, 14-17, 20-2
  • extent of kingdom differs between C/E and D  16/3, 21–2
  • Knútsdrápa (‘Poem in Praise of Cnut’) by Óttarr svarti  16/2, 6, 7–16, 22–3
  • Osbern’s Translatio S. Ælfegi  12/11
  • succession to whole of Edmund Ironside’s kingdom  06/1–2
  • witness lists to charters  06/3–5, 5–7
  • Cnut IV, king of the Danes  98/13
  • Coates, Glos; peasant landholdings c. 1140  98/23
  • Coberley, Glos; C19 ecclesiastical parish boundaries  97/17
  • Cōd (personal name), in ‘Cotswold’ place-name  90/9
  • Codex Aureus (Stockholm, National Library of Sweden MS A.135)  02/20; 14/48n5
  • Codex Bigotianus (Paris, BN MS lat. 3182)  02/7
  • Coenwulf, king of the Mercians
  • ealdorman Æthelmund attends on  07/1; 19/4
  • land grants to church
  • to Pershore minster  97/8
  • to Worcester church  91/5
  • and pope Leo III  07/4
  • presides at synod or council of Clofesho  07/1
  • unsuccessful attempts to annex Kent, east Saxons and south Saxons  19/9
  • Wulfred disputes control of abbeys  91/6, 22
  • coffins
  • lid carved with foliage at Deerhurst, C11–13  09/48–9, 49
  • of St Cuthbert  02/12, 14; 14/33, 35; AJ86/75, 76, 76
  • Coggeshall Abbey, Essex; scalloped capitals  09/25
  • Cohhanleah (unidentified place); Æthelric bequeaths lands to Deerhurst  07/2
  • coins
  • East Anglian, of Guthrum  19/21n79
  • hoards
  • Eye, Herefs; joint issues of Alfred and Ceolwulf II  19/16
  • Kingsholm, Gloucester; Cnut’s first issue  92/16
  • Watlington, Oxon; joint issues of Alfred and Ceolwulf II  19/7-8
  • Mercian
  • of Æthelred or Æthelflaed, in Chester  19/14, 17n14
  • Alfred and Ceolwulf II’s joint issues  19/7-8
  • in Alfred’s name  19/2, 11-12, 15
  • in Edward the Elder’s name  19/2
  • Roman, found at Deerhurst  00/19, 20
  • value of mancusus  07/4
  • West Saxon
  • of Alfred  19/11-12, 15
  • Alfred and Ceolwulf II’s joint issues  19/7-8
  • of Ecgbert  19/11
  • Colchester, Essex; Anglo-Saxon wall-painting fragments  AJ86/83; AJ88/143
  • Coleman; Life of St Wulfstan  05/9
  • Colerne School of sculpture  02/20
  • Colesborne, Glos; C19 ecclesiastical parish boundaries  97/17
  • coliberti (freedmen, Domesday)  98/24
  • college, Deerhurst as possible secular  91/9; 97/3; 18/18, 19; AJ86/98
  • Collingwood, W G; on sculpture  14/19, 20, 23, 24
  • Collins and Cullis of Tewkesbury, builders  see restoration of Deerhurst church
  • Collins and Godfrey of Tewkesbury, builders; repairs to Deerhurst church (1950s-60s)  MA53/41n20
  • Collyweston church, Northants; location of font  13/11, 13
  • Coln St Dennis, Glos
  • chapelry in Deerhurst’s late medieval parish  97/10
  • Domesday Book  96/20; 98/17, 32–47; 18/4
  • lands owned by Deerhurst Priory  96/20; 11/2, 10
  • pass to Saint-Denis  96/18
  • Coln valley, Glos; place names indicate sheep rearing  90/14
  • Cologne, Germany
  • church of St Pantaleon  09/58n151
  • Ealdred’s visit  92/20, 21, 22
  • columns
  • cross-shafts as influenced by carved Roman memorial  14/24
  • at Deerhurst; central freestanding, east respond of south arcade  03/10
  • from Deerhurst church, reused locally
  • in Priory Farm  09/8–12, 9–10, 50
  • ST13, from SE chapel area  09/9, 10, 11
  • at Wightfield Manor, The Minstrels, and in churchyard wall  09/18–25, 19–23
  • fonts made from  02/17; 14/20-2, 22, 26, 27
  • see also capitals; crosses (shafts)
  • Comberton, Herefs  18/6, 12
  • commendation, feudal  96/9–10
  • community, early medieval sense of  05/13–14
  • Compton, Richard, curate of Deerhurst (fl. 1540)  11/12
  • Compton Abdale, Glos; C19 ecclesiastical parish boundaries  97/17
  • Compton Bassett church, Wilts; capitals  09/59nn169, 170, 171
  • Compton Martin church, Somerset; altar niche in nave aisle  09/46
  • Conderton, Worcs; parochial affiliations  97/8, 17, 22, 23
  • confession  13/16
  • Conrad, prior of Christ Church, Canterbury  12/13
  • consecration, services of  86/10–13, Pl.III
  • Constantinople; Platytera image in Blachernai church  AJ88/151
  • construction sequence, Deerhurst church
  • petrological evidence  03/23–4; AJ86/91-2; AJ88/110-11; MA53/38, 55-6
  • postulated phases
  • multiple (Rahtz)  00/15–23, 18, 21; 18/18; AJ88/110–11, 113; MA53/35, 38
  • Rahtz’s Period IV modified  03/23-4; AJ88/110-11, 113; MA53/38, 55-6
  • single, early C9, with features inserted in C10 (Hare)  18/18
  • see also under apse; chancel; chancel arch; east end; porch and/or tower; porticus (north side, south side); west door
  • consuetudines (customary dues)  96/9&n50
  • conventual priories  11/1, 5, 7
  • Coombe Hill Roman villa, Glos  03/24
  • Cooper’s Hill, Brockworth, Glos; quarry  03/26n20
  • Coppergate helmet, from York  02/20
  • Corbie, abbey of, France  88/9
  • Corbie Psalter (Amiens, Bibliothèque municipale MS 18, f. 1v)  14/32, 34
  • Cormeilles, abbey of, France  97/21
  • coronation; Ealdred and ordo for 1066  92/21
  • Corse, Glos
  • British place-name  90/4
  • Corse Chase  90/7–8, 10
  • Corse Lawn  90/7
  • in Deerhurst minster estate  90/6; 18/3
  • in Deerhurst’s medieval parish  97/3, 10
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16
  • Forest of  90/4
  • Corvey an der Weser, Germany; abbey of Sankt Stephan und Vitus
  • capitals; complex profiles of abaci  09/11
  • polychrome decoration of crypt ceiling  AJ88/147
  • Cotswolds, landscape of northern high  90/8–12, 10
  • councils of church
  • Fourth Lateran  13/14, 16, 22n66
  • see also synods
  • Course of the Exchequer (Richard Fitz Nigel), on Domesday Book  98/9
  • court, royal
  • crown-wearings  92/21–2, 26-7; 96/29–30n74
  • at Gloucester  92/21-2, 26-7; 08/5
  • Scandinavian culture of Cnut’s  16/3, 8
  • Coutances, France; cathedral  09/54n58
  • Coventry, W Midlands; secular college  97/19
  • Coventry, earls of; ownership of Deerhurst Priory  16/26
  • Coventry, Thomas, of Croome Court, Worcs (fl. 1615)  16/26
  • Cowley, Glos; C19 ecclesiastical parish boundaries  97/17
  • crafts  05/13
  • Cramp, Rosemary
  • on Deerhurst Angel  02/12
  • on Deerhurst Virgin figure  AJ88/114
  • on St Oswald’s, Gloucester zoomorphic shaft  02/6
  • Cranborne Abbey, Dorset; and Tewkesbury Abbey  97/11, 12, 19–20; 11/11
  • Cranham, Glos
  • C19 ecclesiastical parish boundaries  97/17
  • High Brotheridge quarry  03/26n20
  • Crediton church, Devon; nave aisles  09/46
  • Cromwell, Thomas, 1st earl of Essex  11/12
  • Croome D’Abitot, Worcs
  • C19 ecclesiastical parish boundaries  97/17
  • in Ripple minster parish  97/8
  • Cropthorne, Worcs; C19 ecclesiastical parish boundaries  97/17
  • Cross, relics of  MA53/75n102, 83
  • crosses
  • Bewcastle  99/9
  • Deerhurst painted fragment  00/12; 02/02; AJ88/113
  • inscribed  99/3, 7, 8, 9
  • shafts  14/15–24, 18–23
  • Deerhurst font pedestal as possible fragment  02/16; 14/15–24, 18–23
  • Elmstone Hardwicke  97/27n31; 02/30n73; 03/10; 14/15, 17, 18
  • Gloucester St Oswald’s  89/5; 02/5–6, 7; 14/24; AJ88/148
  • Newent, with Adam and Eve sculpture  02/2; 03/26n29
  • round  14/19–24, 20–3
  • Wolverhampton  02/16, 17; 14/19–20, 21, 23, 24
  • crown-wearings, ritual  92/21–2, 26-7; 96/29–30n74
  • Crucifixion depicted in churches  86/8–9
  • Cumberwood (cumbre weorðan), Glos  90/6, 8
  • Curdworth, Warks; font  14/26, 27
  • customary dues, consuetudines  96/9&n50
  • Cuthbert, St
  • Bede’s Lives of St Cuthbert (Cambridge, Corpus Christi College MS 183)  AJ86/80
  • coffin  02/12, 14; 14/33, 35; AJ86/75, 76, 76
  • translation of relics to Durham  MA53/83
  • vestments  02/20; AJ86/76, 80
  • Cutsdean, Glos
  • Anglo-Saxon landscape  90/8–12, 10
  • Dodda cild given land by Brihtheah, bishop of Worcester  96/14
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • Offa gives to Bredon minster  97/8
  • Cyneburg, abbess of Gloucester old minster  92/1, 2
  • Cynulf, son of Ceoluht, of Stoke Bishop  19/4
  • Cyrene, Libya; baptistery  13/5, 6
  • D-Stretch software  14/7–10, 7–10
  • Daglingworth, Glos; church of St Peter
  • C11/12 statue of St Peter  92/24, 25
  • fictive mortar joints  09/13–14
  • dairying; place-name evidence  90/4
  • Danaskógar (Forest of Dean); possible reference in Knútsdrápa  16/10–11, 23
  • Danelaw
  • conquest of eastern by Æthelflæd and Edward the Elder  92/3
  • Edmund Ironside’s connection alienates Wessex and Mercia  06/14–15
  • Danes
  • Ælfheah’s captivity and martyrdom  12/5-6, 11, 12, 13, Pls.1, 3, 4
  • Alfred’s relations with
  • campaigns  19/7, 10, 13
  • victory at Edington and subsequent relations  92/3; 19/8, 10, 11
  • Ceolwulf II of the Mercians’ relations with  19/7, 8
  • C9 attacks  92/3; 19/1, 7, 13, 14, 15
  • on Canterbury  12/5, 13, Pls.1, 2, 4
  • effect on English monasticism  88/5–6
  • on Gloucester  19/7; possible defences against  92/5
  • seen as divine punishment  12/2
  • as time of crisis  18/20–1
  • earls imposed on Herefordshire, Gloucestershire and Worcestershire  18/13
  • support Æthelwold against Edward the Elder  19/13
  • see also Cnut, ‘the Great
  • dating of Deerhurst church
  • early C9 (Bailey, Gem)  02/5–8; 07/26; MA53/38
  • radio-carbon determinations  00/12; 02/5, 12; AJ88/113
  • suggested phases
  • multiple (Rahtz)  00/15–23, 18, 21; 18/18; AJ88/110–11, 113; MA53/35, 38
  • single, early C9, with features inserted in C10 (Hare)  18/18
  • Daventry, Northants; secular college  97/19
  • David, prior of Worcester (fl. mid-C12)  92/25
  • Dean, Forest of, Glos
  • building stone from  03/3, 7, 10
  • possible reference in Knútsdrápa (Danaskógar)  16/10–11, 23
  • dedication
  • church consecration service  86/10–13, Pl.III
  • depicta of saint(s) to whom church dedicated  02/11; 07/26; 14/39; AJ86/100; AJ88/153
  • see also inscriptions
  • Deeping St James church, Lincs; nave aisles  09/46
  • Deerhurst, Glos
  • Æthelred, lord of the Mercians’ connections with  19/1-23
  • Domesday Book  96/19–20; 98/2, 3–4, 17, 32–7; 18/2–4, 3, 5
  • berewicks  90/6; 96/8, 19; 07/29n15; 18/2, 4, 15
  • burgess in Gloucester  98/5, 7
  • church and Odda’s Chapel omitted  91/2; 98/18; 18/3
  • demesne  96/20
  • demesne ploughs  98/19, 21–2, 36
  • Hardwicke as dependent vill  96/8
  • hides; 119 total, 60 belonging to St Mary’s church  96/7, 17
  • landholders  96/18, 19–20; 98/20, 32–3; 18/2–4, 3, 5, 10–12, 19, 20
  • in 1066  96/19; 98/32; 18/10–12
  • in 1086  97/14; 98/33
  • maps of manors  90/6; 98/2, 3, 4
  • Odda’s former estates  96/19
  • part formerly owned by St Mary’s  96/20
  • population (1086)  98/25–6, 36
  • St Denis’ lands  98/20, 32–3; 18/2–4, 3, 5
  • tributary lands  96/19–20
  • values and wealth  91/17; 98/35
  • Westminster Abbey lands  96/9; 97/14, 15; 98/20, 32-7; 18/2–4, 3, 5, 10–12, 19
  • estates  18/1–28
  • Æthelric’s bequests  90/1; 91/2–7, 20–2; 97/15; 07/1-2, 2–3, 29n15; 18/15–18; AJ86/97
  • Edward the Confessor and
  • acquires on Odda’s death  89/4; 96/3, 11; 06/9; 18/5, 21
  • divides between Westminster Abbey and physician Baldwin,
    with reversion to St Denis  89/4, 6; 90/3; 91/18; 96/8, 9, 18; 97/3;
    08/20–1; 09/2; 11/1, 4; 18/1, 2–6, 9–20, 21
  • supposed gift to Edith disproved  18/2
  • supposed prophecy about control of Deerhurst church or priory  11/9
  • timing of division  18/4–6, 19–20, 21
  • William I’s confirmation of writ  91/18; 96/26n44; 09/1, 2, 16; 18/5
  • core area, C11  18/3
  • distant lands granted to Tewkesbury in late Saxon period  97/15, 18
  • history leading up to Edward the Confessor’s division  18/2–6, 14–19
  • see also St Denis, abbey of; Westminster Abbey (Deerhurst lands)
  • importance and prestige  89/2; 08/22; 91/18; 96/17–19; 11/11
  • location, reason for  89/1–2
  • manor-house or burh
  • buildings attached to  89/2; 00/7; 18/15–18
  • likely location  96/8
  • map  90/6
  • parish
  • C19 ecclesiastical  97/16–17
  • extent of minster  97/10–20, 2, 13
  • place-name  90/2
  • post-Conquest history  89/6; 90/8; 96/17–18; 09/1–60; 11/1–17
  • as royal or ex-royal estate  89/2; 18/20
  • structure of manor; central core, outlying vills  96/8–9, 19; 18/3
  • village contracted, C14–16  90/8
  • see also: Abbot’s Court Farm; Deerhurst church; Deerhurst Priory; demesnes; Ealdred; earthworks; excavations; fairs; flooding; landscape; monasticism; Odda’s Chapel; precinct; Priory Farm; Roman period (at Deerhurst)
  • Deerhurst church, Glos (Anglo-Saxon minster)
  • Ælfheah and  89/3–4; 91/8; 12/2; 18/2, 18; AJ86/97
  • Æthelmund and Æthelric to be buried at  89/1; 90/1; 91/3, 6; 07/1, 2-3, 26–7; AJ86/97
  • bank and ditch to north of  90/7
  • basic rectangle  00/18, 19, 20, 21, 22
  • Benedictine presence  91/8–9; 99/6; 11/13; 18/18–19; AJ86/97–8
  • see also Deerhurst Priory
  • Cluniac liturgy and music adopted, c. 970  88/9
  • Domesday Book omits  91/2; 98/18; 18/3
  • fabric  see entries referring to Deerhurst church for aisles; Angel, Deerhurst; apse; arcades; beast-heads; belfries; capitals; central space; chancel; chancel arch; churchyard; clerestory; construction sequence; dating; doorways; east end; fires; fonts; foundations; galleries; label stops; limewash; nave; painted figure; petrology; piscinae; polychrome decoration; porch and/or tower; porticus; prokrossoi; putlog holes; redecoration; repairs; restoration; roods; roof-line; sculpture; shrines; staircase; string-course; tomb slabs; tooling marks; triangular-headed openings; triangular-headed panels; ultra-violet light examinations; upper storey; Virgin Mary (Deerhurst figure); walkways, external timber; west door; west end; west wall of nave; windows; and under building stone
  • first documentary reference in will of Æthelric (804)  97/1
  • founding  89/1
  • as mother church  97/2, 3
  • to Tewkesbury  97/10–20; 18/14–15
  • ownership
  • Odda  96/12–13; 18/5, 6, 15–18
  • Edward the Confessor  96/3, 11; 06/9; 18/5, 15, 21
  • gives to physician Baldwin, with reversion to St Denis
    89/4, 6; 90/3; 91/18; 96/8, 9, 18; 97/3; 08/20–1; 09/2; 11/1, 4; 18/1,
    2–6, 9–20, 21
  • timing of gift  18/4–6, 19–20, 21
  • William I’s confirmation of writ  91/18; 96/26n44; 09/1, 2, 16; 18/5
  • St Denis  89/6; 91/18; 09/1, 2, 16, 17–18; 11/1–5; 18/3, 18-19
  • lay ownership, later C14  11/5-7
  • restored to St Denis  11/7-8
  • Crown, Eton College, St Denis  11/8-9
  • Tewkesbury Abbey  11/10-12
  • parish church after Dissolution  89/6
  • plan  00/19; AJ88/115; MA53/37
  • pre-church occupation of site  89/2; 00/18, 19–20
  • see also Roman period (at Deerhurst)
  • precinct  89/2; 00/7–8; 18/15–18
  • probable relic displays  00/15; AJ86/99–100; MA53/70&n84, 81–2, 84, 85, 87–8
  • and St Oswald’s priory, Gloucester  89/1–8
  • survival of Anglo-Saxon church  91/17–18
  • and Werstan  08/5, 6, 20–2
  • see also under monasticism; secular colleges; Tewkesbury Abbey
  • Deerhurst Priory, Glos, in later middle ages  11/1–17
  • 1294–1378, alien priory under St Denis  11/1–5
  • 1378–1402, tightening of royal control  11/5–7
  • 1403–67, years of uncertainty  11/7–9
  • 1443, naturalised as English house  11/8
  • 1461–7, St Denis recovers limited rights  11/9, 10, 11
  • 1467–1540, cell of Tewkesbury Abbey and Dissolution  11/1, 10–12
  • alterations to fabric of church  11/12–13; AJ86/99
  • antiquity and prestige  08/22; 11/11
  • bishop of Worcester’s role  11/3, 4, 5
  • carved stones removed and reused in area
  • column in Priory Farm  09/8–12, 9–10, 50
  • Romanesque sculpture in church tower  09/1, 16–18, 17, 50
  • Wightfield Manor, The Minstrels, and churchyard wall  09/1, 18–27, 19–23
  • east range  11/7
  • Edward the Confessor’s supposed prophecy about  11/9
  • Eton College’s possession  11/8–9, 10, 11–12
  • farmed to laymen  11/3, 5–7
  • monastic community; continuity and longevity  11/13
  • ownership after Dissolution  11/12; 16/26
  • as parish church  89/6; 11/3, 4, 10, 12–13
  • size of community  11/4–5, 7, 10, 11, 12
  • value of endowment  11/10
  • windows
  • clerestory  11/13; AJ86/99
  • in east wall of chancel (OP39)  AJ86/84, 92–5, 93, 95, 100
  • staircase chamber  MA53/36, 42, 51
  • west wall of south aisle  11/front and back covers
  • Deerhurst Walton, Glos
  • Domesday Book  96/20; 98/2, 3, 4, 32–47; 18/4
  • geology; Arden Sandstone outcrop  03/5
  • map of minster estates  90/6
  • owned by Saint-Denis  96/18
  • place-name and type of settlement  90/4
  • quarrying and burning of limestone  03/4
  • Defford, Worcs; C19 ecclesiastical parish boundaries  97/17
  • de Londres family tombs, Ewenny Priory  09/48–9
  • demesnes
  • Deerhurst  96/8; 98/21
  • see also Little Compton
  • Domesday, size and number of ploughteams  98/19, 21–2, 36, 42
  • Deneberht, bishop of Worcester; and minsters at Cheltenham and Beckford  97/21
  • Denny church, Cambs; nave aisles  09/46
  • dental health, Anglo-Saxon  05/12
  • Dewsbury, W Yorks; cross-shaft  14/19, 20
  • Didbrook, Glos
  • coffin lid with carved foliage  09/48
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • Didcot, Glos
  • in Beckford minster parish  97/8, 21, 22, 23
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • Diedrichs, Christof; on relic cults  MA53/83
  • diet, Anglo-Saxon  05/9, 12, 13
  • diplomacy
  • clergy employed in  92/20
  • friendship as diplomatic, political gift  16/2, 3–4, 17
  • Disentis, Graubünden, Switzerland; monastery of Sankt Martin  AJ88/143, 147
  • Dissolution of the monasteries
  • Deerhurst  89/6; 11/1, 12, 13
  • Tewkesbury Abbey  11/10-11, 12
  • Dixton, Glos
  • Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 4, 38–43
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • in Winchcombe minster parish  97/9
  • Dobunni; continuity to kingdom of Hwicce  90/1
  • documentary sources  91/1–27; 18/1–2, 19
  • diplomas and writs of Edward the Confessor and William I  91/18; 09/1–2; 18/1, 19
  • forgeries  91/20–2; 18/1, 19
  • see also Æthelric, ealdorman (will); charters; Domesday; witness lists
  • Doda/Dodda, C11 landholder in Deerhurst area  97/12
  • Dodda cild; in Devon (1046)  96/14
  • Doddo, alleged founder of Tewkesbury minster  97/11–12
  • Doharty, John; map of Deerhurst, c. 1738  16/18–19, 26
  • Domesday Book  98/1–43
  • introduction; motivation, method, and reliability  98/6–17
  • Æthelric’s will, estates in  07/29n15
  • arrangement of material  98/17–18
  • Cambridgeshire Inquest  98/10
  • churches; many omitted  91/2; 97/3; 98/18; 18/3
  • circuits  98/10–12, 11
  • consuetudines  96/9&n50
  • contributory burgesses, attached to rural manors  98/5, 6, 7
  • copying-errors  98/16
  • demesnes, size of  98/21–2
  • documents  98/7
  • see also  Exchequer Domesday; Exon Domesday; Little Domesday below
  • Ely Inquest  98/10, 12
  • Evesham A, F, M  98/14
  • Evesham K  98/1–5, 6, 14, 17
  • Exchequer Domesday  98/7, 10, 14, 16
  • Exon Domesday  98/10, 12–13, 14
  • free men (radcnihts, radmen, ‘riding men’)  96/10; 98/18, 21, 22, 23–4
  • freedmen (coliberti)  98/24
  • household size  98/19, 24
  • hundreds and manors of North Gloucestershire  98/2, 3
  • initiated at meeting in Gloucester  98/7–8, 15
  • landholdings
  • elite landholders’  98/19–20
  • peasants’  98/19, 22–3
  • size of tenant  98/19, 21–3, 36, 42
  • tributary lands  96/9&n50, 27n54
  • land use in north Gloucestershire  90/5, 11, 12; 98/21
  • Little Domesday  98/7, 8, 10, 12–13, 14, 16
  • making of; motivation, method, and reliability  98/6–17
  • Odda’s former estates in  96/7–10, 18–19
  • peasants
  • size of landholdings  98/19, 22–3
  • see also free men, freedmen above and slaves, smallholders, villagers below
  • Pershore Abbey estates  18/10–14, 19, 20
  • personal names; Latinization, duplication  18/10
  • ploughteams, ratio of demesne to  98/19, 21–2, 36, 42
  • population of north Gloucestershire  98/19, 24–6, 36, 42
  • priests  98/18, 22
  • problems in use  18/1
  • reasons for compilation  98/13–15
  • reliability  98/15–17
  • ‘renders’ and ‘values’  96/25n39
  • riding men (radcnihts, radmen)  96/10; 98/18, 21, 22, 23–4
  • road network at time of  98/7
  • satellite texts  98/9–10, 16
  • servicia  96/9&n50
  • Severn as county boundary, Gloucestershire/Worcestershire  16/29
  • slaves (servi)  98/18, 23–4, 26, 30n37
  • smallholders (bordarii)  98/18, 22, 23–4
  • social structure of north Gloucestershire  98/18, 23–4
  • time of compilation  98/6–8
  • towns  98/1–6, 18
  • tributary lands, libera terra, sokeland  96/9&n50, 27n54
  • value of manors of north Gloucestershire, total  98/21–2
  • villagers (villani)  98/18, 23–4, 30n37
  • woodlands  90/5, 11, 12
  • Worcester hidage schedules (Worcester A, B)  98/14
  • Dommartin, abbey of, Pas-de-Calais, France  09/25
  • Doom (Last Judgment) mural paintings  86/9–10, Plate III
  • doorways, Deerhurst church
  • Romanesque doorway at Wightfield Manor, created in C20 from C12 fragments from church  09/18, 19–21, 25-7
  • round heads on one face and square on the other, as contemporary (OP4, OP8, OP10, OP14)  MA53/56
  • triangular-headed
  • between chancel and north aisle (OP20)  AJ86/74
  • former high-level, in west wall of nave (OP9)  AJ86/99; MA53/39, 45, 51, 67
  • see also south door; west door; and under porch and/or tower (BY FLOOR LEVEL; second floor, third floor); porticus (south choir)
  • dormitories, Deerhurst monks’
  • Anglo-Saxon  00/21, 22-3
  • medieval  11/7
  • Dormston, Worcs; Westminster ownership  18/6
  • Dover, Kent; minster  91/2
  • Dowdeswell, Glos; C19 ecclesiastical parish boundaries  97/17
  • Down Ampney church, Glos; sculpture  09/58n167, 59n169
  • Down Hatherley, Glos
  • Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 4, 32–47
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16–17
  • links to Cheltenham and Gloucester minsters  97/9, 10, 28n55
  • Downing, Glos; Domesday manor  98/2, 3, 4
  • Drahmal, maker of Brussels reliquary cross  99/13
  • Drakes Broughton, Worcs  18/6
  • Draper, Peter; on function of aisles  09/46
  • draperies
  • figures holding book in draped hand  14/33, 35; AJ86/70–2, 73, 75–80, 75–9
  • flying  02/10; AJ86/77, 77, 82, 84, 102
  • The Dream of the Rood; verses on Brussels reliquary cross related to  99/12
  • Drogo Carnarii, prior of Deerhurst  11/5, 6
  • Drogo Sacramentary (Paris, BN MS lat. 9428, f. 51v)  14/25, 26
  • Droitwich, Worcs
  • churches of St Andrew and St Peter; capitals  09/59n174
  • Deerhurst Priory lands  11/2
  • meetings of Mercian witan under Æthelred  19/2&n9
  • salt industry  18/7
  • Dublin, Ireland; Christ Church Cathedral, architectural sculpture  09/38, 8n167, 59n174
  • Duddes aker (place mentioned in boundary clause)  90/6, 8
  • Duddington church, Northants; location of font  13/11–13, 13
  • Dudstone hundred, Glos; Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 17, 20, 32–7
  • Duduc, bishop of Wells (d.1061)  92/10
  • Dugdale, Sir William; Monasticon Anglicanum  92/30
  • Dumbleton, Glos
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • possibly in Winchcombe minster parish  97/9
  • Dumbleton Hill, Glos  90/8–9, 10, 12
  • Dundry, Somerset; quarry  09/42
  • Duns or Dunning, king’s thegn (fl. 1066)  18/11–12
  • Dunstan, St, abbot of Glastonbury, archbishop of Canterbury
  • Abbo of Fleury’s carmina figurata addressed to  99/33
  • ASC references to  91/13
  • and Bath monastery  91/8
  • and Glastonbury Abbey  88/7; 99/10, 23; 08/9, 21
  • inscriptions on gifts to monasteries and churches  99/10, 14, 23
  • late medieval interest in  08/21
  • Life  05/12; 12/3
  • pallium-journey to Rome  12/14n8
  • and reform of liturgy and music  88/7–8
  • Thietmar wrongly refers to  12/6
  • see also following entry, and St Dunstan’s Classbook
  • Dunstan (or Sherborne) Pontifical (Paris, BN MS lat 943)  AJ86/78, 78
  • Duntisbourne Abbots church, Glos; capitals  09/59n171
  • Duntisbourne Rouse church, Glos; polychrome dado arcade  09/14
  • Durham Cathedral
  • Ælfflæd’s gift of stole and maniple  99/11–12
  • chevron ornament  09/25
  • St Cuthbert relics
  • coffin  02/12, 14; 14/33, 35; AJ86/75, 76, 76
  • translation to Durham  MA53/83
  • vestments  02/20; AJ86/76, 80
  • Dursley, Glos; tufa deposit  03/4
  • Dymchurch, Kent; C9 strap-end  02/20
  • Dymock, Glos
  • church; fictive mortar joints  09/14
  • freedmen, Domesday Book  98/24
  • Ead- personal names  96/5
  • Eadburg, abbess of Gloucester old minster  92/1
  • Eadgyth, sister of Odda
  • Domesday lands at Upleadon, Herefs  96/2–3, 7
  • hypothetical pedigree  96/16–17
  • Eadmær, witness to Cnut’s charters  06/6
  • Eadmer, monk of Christ Church, Canterbury
  • on Anselm’s proclamation as archbishop  92/27&n74
  • on church of St John the Baptist, Canterbury  13/4
  • consults Nicholas, prior of Worcester  91/11–12
  • on Domesday Book  98/9
  • Eadnoth, bishop of Lincoln; and burial of Ælfheah  12/5
  • Eadric Streona, ealdorman of the Mercians
  • at Æthelred’s court  06/12
  • defection to Danes  06/12, 13-14; 16/21
  • marriage to half-sister of Edward the Confessor  96/23n19
  • predation of Worcester church lands  18/13, 14
  • and treaty at Olney  16/1, 20
  • Eadric, witness to early C11 charters  06/4
  • Eadwig, son of Æthelred II; exile and death  96/22n19
  • Eadwig, witness to early C11 charters  06/4
  • Eadwine, witness to early C11 charters  06/4
  • Eafe, abbess of Gloucester old minster  92/1
  • ealdormen and ealdormanries
  • Æthelweard’s Latin version of ASC pays tribute to role of  19/2-3
  • Mercia maintains own traditional after union with Wessex  19/16
  • Ealdred, bishop of Worcester, archbishop of York  91/13–17; 92/20
  • and ASC ‘D’ manuscript  91/9, 13–17; 92/20; 16/1
  • building works
  • Beverley minster  92/20-1, 23; 96/30n77, 30n80
  • Gloucester old minster  91/15; 92/17–26
  • career  92/20
  • crowns William I  91/15; 92/20
  • Dodda cild receives land from  96/14
  • German diplomatic mission  92/20, 21, 22, 23; 99/6–7
  • landholdings (1066)  98/20, 32
  • and liturgical reform  92/21; 99/6–7
  • Odda’s connection with  91/9, 13, 16–17; 96/13; 16/1
  • consecrates Odda’s Chapel  91/13, 16–17; 92/20; 96/13; 99/3, 15, 21, 43n74; 18/4
  • professes dying Odda as monk  91/9, 13; 96/2
  • and royal ceremonial  92/21–2; 99/6–7
  • Welsh invasion of 1049 repelled by  08/5
  • Ealhburh, sister of Ecgbert  19/6
  • Ealhswith, wife of Alfred; family background  19/7, 22n108
  • Eanulf, grandfather of Offa; founds Bredon minster  97/8
  • Eardisley, Herefs; Romanesque font  13/12
  • Earl’s Barton, Northants; upper external doorway in church tower  MA53/87
  • Earl’s Croome, Worcs
  • Domesday tenant, Godric  18/11
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • in Ripple minster parish  97/8
  • earthworks, Deerhurst  00/7–8
  • boundary to north of church  90/7
  • minster precinct  89/2; 00/7-8; 18/15–18
  • east end of Deerhurst church
  • construction sequence  00/18
  • petrology and structure  03/12, 13, 14–18, 16-18, 23; AJ86/84, 85–97, 86–7, 89, 93
  • Roman structures and burials  00/20
  • Strickland drawing (1862)  00/8, 9
  • see also apse; chancel; chancel arch; porticus (north-east, south-east)
  • Easter liturgy  86/15–18, 21
  • Eastleach, Glos; St Andrew’s church
  • capitals  09/59n169
  • detached shafts  09/58n157
  • Eastleach Turville, Glos; Domesday record  98/25
  • Ecgberht, archbishop of York; gifts to churches  14/48n4
  • Ecgbert, king of the West Saxons  19/6, 9, 11
  • Ecgfrith, king of the Mercians; and Æthelmund  07/1; 19/4
  • Eckington, Worcs
  • Domesday tenants  18/11, 12
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • probably in Bredon minster parish  97/8
  • Ecmiadzin Gospels (Yerevan, Matenaderan MS 2374)  02/9
  • Edgar, king of the English
  • charters  18/1, 9
  • New Minster, Winchester dated 966 (London, BL MS Cotton Vespasian A VIII, S 745)  86/9; 14/11, 12
  • Pershore Abbey (S 786, dated 972)  18/1, 7
  • Worcester Cathedral (S 731, the ‘Altitonantis’ charter)  18/1
  • death, and succession  12/2
  • and monasticism  89/3; 18/2
  • at Synod of Winchester  88/1–2
  • Edgar Ætheling; Ealdred’s support for  91/15–16
  • Edington, battle of  92/3; 19/8
  • Edith, queen, wife of Edward the Confessor; supposed holding of lands at Deerhurst disproved  18/2
  • Edmund Ironside, king of the English
  • campaign against Danes  06/1, 13–14
  • connections in Danelaw  06/14-15
  • events of 1016  16/1-34
  • Mercian/West Saxon defections  06/12, 14–15; 16/21
  • treaty of 1016  see Olney by Deerhurst
  • death  91/13; 96/22n19; 06/1; 16/1, 16, 22
  • Edric, abbot of Gloucester old minster  92/15–17
  • education; C9–10 reform  92/5–6
  • Edward the Elder, king of the Anglo-Saxons
  • and Æthelred, lord of the Mercians  19/1, 13-15
  • Æthelwold’s challenge to kingship  19/13
  • conquest of eastern Danelaw  92/3
  • control of London and Oxford  19/12, 15
  • control of Mercia, removing Ælfwynn  19/1
  • founds Winchester New Minster  92/4; 19/16
  • Edward the Martyr, king of the English  12/2
  • Edward the Confessor, king of the English
  • and Alfred of Marlborough  18/11
  • and architecture; patronage of Norman style  09/7, 11, 50
  • and Deerhurst lands  18/2–6, 12
  • acquires on Odda’s death  89/4; 96/3, 11; 06/9; 18/5, 21
  • divides between Westminster Abbey and physician Baldwin,
    with reversion to St Denis  89/4, 6; 90/3; 91/18; 96/8, 9, 18; 97/3;
    08/20–1; 09/2; 11/1, 4; 18/1, 2–6, 9–20, 21
  • supposed gift to Edith disproved  18/2
  • supposed prophecy about control of Deerhurst church or priory  11/9
  • timing of division  18/4–6, 19–20, 21
  • William I’s confirmation of writ  91/18; 96/26n44; 09/1, 2, 16; 18/5
  • diplomas and writs, value of  18/1
  • at Gloucester  92/21–2; 08/5
  • and Godwine, earl of the West Saxons  96/1
  • and Great Malvern Priory  96/11; 08/3, 4, 5, 8, 13–15, 15, 20–1, 24n4
  • and Hakon; acquires lands by banishing widow  18/13, 21
  • and Odda
  • acquires lands on Odda’s death  89/4; 96/3, 11; 06/9; 18/5, 21
  • possibly related  89/2; 96/1, 3, 16; 06/9; 18/4
  • and Pershore Abbey’s lands  18/6–14
  • inherits from Odda  06/9
  • bestows part on Westminster Abbey  96/11; 06/9; 09/1, 2, 16; 18/6–7, 7–14, 19–20, 21
  • posthumous reputation  96/11
  • relatives enumerated  96/22–3n19
  • and Westminster Abbey
  • Norman style of building  09/7, 11, 50
  • see also Westminster Abbey (Deerhurst lands, Edward the Confessor’s grant)
  • Edward I, king of England; war against France  11/2
  • Edward II, king of England; burial at Gloucester  92/11
  • Edward III, king of England; and prior of Deerhurst  11/3, 4
  • Edward IV, king of England  11/9, 10
  • Edward the Exile  91/15
  • Edward, Domesday subtenant of Elmore  98/25, 33
  • Egbert Pontifical (Paris, BN MS lat. 10575)  86/10–11, 13, 21
  • Eilaf, earl of Gloucestershire  92/16; 18/13
  • Eirtig (name in inscription on St Mary-le-Wigford, Lincoln)  99/8
  • Eldersfield, Worcs
  • Berth Hill  90/8
  • church built of Arden Sandstone  03/5
  • Corse Chase extended into  90/7
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16
  • and Longdon  96/9, 20; 97/7
  • name indicates edge of woodland environment  90/4
  • Regenbald holds, under Edward the Confessor  18/10
  • elfaledes (Old English term for unidentified topographical feature)  90/6, 8
  • Elkstone, Glos
  • Domesday tenants  18/11
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • Ellings, Glos
  • Domesday Book  96/19; 98/2, 3, 4, 32–47
  • map  90/6
  • passes to Westminster Abbey  96/18
  • Elmley Castle, Worcs
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • Odda witnesses lease of Bishop Lyfing (1042)  18/14
  • salters’ spring  90/12
  • Elmore, Glos
  • Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 4, 20, 21, 25, 32–47
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16
  • Elmstone, Glos
  • in Bishops Cleeve minster parish (889)  97/6, 20
  • transfer to Deerhurst  97/3, 6–7, 10
  • Domesday Book  96/19; 98/2, 3, 4, 21, 32–47
  • map  90/6
  • place-name and type of settlement  90/3–4
  • Regenbald holds after Conquest  18/10–11
  • Westminster Abbey’s ownership  96/18; 97/6, 7
  • Elmstone Hardwicke, Glos
  • cross-shaft fragment with Deerhurst affinities  97/27n31; 02/30n73; 03/10; 14/15, 17, 18
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • see also Elmstone; Hardwicke
  • Ely Cathedral, Cambs
  • Barnack stone  09/7
  • relics of St Wendreth  MA53/88n165
  • Ely Inquest  98/10, 12, 18
  • Emeterius, scribe of Tábara Beatus  MA53/77, 78, 81
  • Emma (Ælfgifu), wife of Æthelred II and of Cnut  99/11, 13
  • enclosure, Deerhurst area (1815)  16/26, 27
  • ‘enclosure’ (haga) place-names  90/4–5, 7
  • English Bicknor, Glos; chamfer stops in church  09/37
  • entertainments, Anglo-Saxon
  • pastimes  05/2, 8–9, 10
  • song  05/3, 5, 8, 9, 12–13
  • Ermenovilla, Ralph de, prior of Deerhurst  11/4
  • Escomb church, Co Durham
  • porticus  86/12, Fig.4
  • prokrossos  02/5
  • Essen, Germany
  • customary  86/13–14
  • inscriptions on dedication of altars  99/7
  • estate-surveys, Anglo-Norman  98/15–16
  • Estcourt, A and Son, Gloucester builders  AJ86/104
  • Ethel-, names beginning see under Æthel-
  • Eton College; ownership of Deerhurst Priory  11/1, 8–9, 10, 11–12
  • Eucharist, doctrine of  13/14–15
  • Everson, Paul; on burials and bell-ringing  MA53/85
  • Evesham Abbey, Worcs
  • consecration  91/15
  • C10 reconstitution as Benedictine house  97/1
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • landholdings  90/11
  • Evesham K (Domesday satellite text)  98/1–2, 4-5, 6, 14, 17
  • Evington, Glos
  • Domesday Book  96/19; 98/2, 3, 4
  • map  90/6
  • place-name and type of settlement  90/3–4
  • Westminster Abbey’s ownership  96/18
  • Ewenny Priory, Glamorgan
  • de Londres family tombs  09/48–9
  • fictive mortar joints  09/14
  • piscina  09/47
  • Ewyas Harold, Herefs; at Domesday  18/11
  • excavations at Deerhurst
  • Knowles (1926)  00/12; 02/1; AJ86/104
  • Rahtz and Watts (1970s)  00/1–25
  • method  00/3–7
  • stratigraphy  00/5–7, 18
  • to west of church  00/13–15, 14–15
  • see also under individual features
  • see also Roman period (at Deerhurst)
  • Exeter, Devon
  • Cathedral; relics listed in C11 gospel book  MA53/82
  • St Nicholas’ Priory; sculpture  09/11, 25, 37
  • Exeter Book (Exeter, Cathedral Library MS 3501)  05/6–7, 9, 11, 12–13
  • Exeter noted missal (London, BL MS Add 62104)  88/2–3
  • exorcism, pre-baptismal  13/21n53
  • ‘exploding church’ model (Pat Foster)  03/19
  • Eyam, Derbys
  • cross  02/12
  • font  13/2, 3
  • Eye, near Leominster, Herefs; coin hoard  19/16
  • fairs at Deerhurst; grant of 1318  MA53/83n145
  • fant (OE); originally baptismal water, not vessel  02/16; 13/2–3
  • farm (annual rent) paid to Crown by holders of Deerhurst  11/2, 3, 5–7
  • Farmington church, Glos; carving  09/14, 37
  • Favreau, Robert; on main subject of dedicatory inscriptions  99/2
  • Feckenham, Worcs; Domesday entry  07/29n15
  • fēld place-names  90/4, 6
  • feolagan & wedbrodra (‘companions and pledge-brothers’), in Olney treaty  16/2–3, 3–4, 17
  • Ferney, near Geneva; Voltaire’s inscription on chapel  99/1–2
  • Fernie, E; on Milborne Port church  09/7
  • Fiddington, Glos
  • in core area of Tewkesbury estate, C11  18/3
  • Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 4, 24, 25, 38–43
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • fields
  • continuity of names  98/26
  • traces of open  98/26, 27
  • figure, Deerhurst Anglo-Saxon painted  see painted figure
  • Finberg, H P R
  • on boundary in orchards of Abbot’s Court  90/7
  • on Gloucester old minster  92/1-2
  • on memory of founders  97/12
  • on Worcester charter S 216  97/23
  • fires, Deerhurst church
  • arch to SE chapel  09/2, 6, 14, 50
  • and remodelling of south porticus  09/14, 15, 16, 50
  • Fishborough hundred, Worcs  18/7
  • Fitzharding, Robert, lord of Berkeley (d.1170)  09/24, 26
  • Fletcher, Eric G M; on Deerhurst church
  • socket holes in porch  MA53/57
  • stone panels  AJ86/84
  • Fletton, Cambs; angel sculpture  02/12
  • Fleury monastery, France; liturgy and music  88/6–7, 9
  • flooding at Deerhurst  90/8; 00/7; 18/27
  • Foldbriht, abbot of Pershore  18/8
  • Foliot, Gilbert, bishop of Hereford  09/26
  • folk culture, Anglo-Saxon  05/12–13
  • Folkestone Priory, Kent  11/7
  • fonts  13/1–13, 6–9, 17
  • columns reused to make  02/17; 14/20-1, 22, 26, 27
  • Deerhurst Anglo-Saxon  02/14–21; 13/17; 14/14–29
  • bowl
  • carving  02/15, 17–23, 18–19; 14/14–24, 14–23; AJ88/148, 149, 150
  • Elmstone Hardwicke cross-shaft similar  97/27n31; 02/30n73; 03/10; 14/15, 17, 18
  • central drain hole  2/16; 14/15, 28
  • as entirety of original font  02/16-17; 13/17; 14/26, 27, 28, 28–9
  • reconstruction  14/14–15, 14, 24–9, 24, 28–9
  • symbolism  02/21–3, 32n108
  • date  02/17, 20-1; 13/1, 17
  • original form and function  02/16–17; 13/17; 14/24-8, 24-5, 27-9, 28
  • petrology  03/10; 14/15
  • reconstruction  14/14–29, 14–24, 27–9
  • removal from Deerhurst, and recovery  02/14–16; 14/14–15
  • stem  02/16, 17, 19, 20-3; 13/17; 14/14, 15–24, 14–23, 26, 28
  • as fragment of cross-shaft  02/16; 14/15-24, 18-23
  • Deerhurst 17th-century, now at Castlemorton  14/14
  • early depictions  14/24, 25, 26
  • fant (OE) originally baptismal water, not vessel  02/16; 13/2–3
  • forms of Anglo-Saxon  13/1-3, 3, 17
  • location
  • Anglo-Saxon period  13/4–11, 6–9
  • from C12  13/11–13, 14, 15, 17
  • see also baptisteries
  • naves extended to accommodate  13/11–13, 13, 14, 17
  • octagonal; significance  02/21
  • polychrome decoration  13/13; 14/17, 29
  • portable  13/2, 11, 14, 17
  • rarity of Anglo-Saxon  02/16–17
  • Romanesque decorated  09/16; 13/11–13, 15–16, 17
  • stone, legislation for  13/15, 17
  • wooden  13/2, 3, 14, 17
  • see also baptism
  • Forest of Dean, Glos
  • building stone from  03/3, 7, 10
  • possible reference in Knútsdrápa (Danaskógar)  16/10–11, 23
  • Forester, William, prior of Deerhurst  11/7, 8
  • forests, medieval  90/4–5, 6, 7
  • forgery of documents  18/1, 19; 91/20–2
  • Forthampton, Glos
  • Domesday Book  97/14–15, 18; 98/2, 3, 4, 25, 38–43
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16–17
  • St Mary’s church
  • Arden Sandstone  03/5
  • daughter church to Deerhurst  97/14–15, 18
  • in Tewkesbury estate, C11  18/3
  • Foster, Pat; ‘exploding church’ model  03/19
  • foundation myths  see under Bury St Edmunds, abbey of; Glastonbury Abbey; Great Malvern Priory; Tewkesbury Abbey
  • foundations, Deerhurst church
  • light, possibly for supports for gallery  00/16; MA53/67–8
  • north porticus  00/6, 12-13, 13, 18
  • parallel to west end, incorporating reused Roman material  00/13–15, 14–15, 20
  • porch  00/13, 14-15, 15, 16, 18
  • Fountains Abbey, N Yorks; cloister arcade  09/56n92
  • Fragmentary Annals of Ireland, on Æthelred, lord of the Mercians  19/14
  • Frampton on Severn, Glos; Domesday entry  98/5, 7
  • France
  • Ælfheah in 12/4
  • architecture and sculpture  09/7, 11, 21, 25, 37, 54n58; AJ86/74, 75
  • baptisteries and fonts  13/2, 6, 7
  • inscriptions, C11  99/18
  • liturgy and music  86/2–10; 88/6–7, 9; 07/21
  • Osbern at abbey of Bec  12/3
  • owners of estates in Gloucestershire
  • Caen, abbey of Holy Trinity  98/15–16, 21
  • Cormeilles, abbey of  97/21
  • see also St Denis, abbey of
  • relic displays  MA53/82, 84, 88
  • wall-painting; Auxerre, abbey of Saint-Germain  AJ88/143, 147
  • wars with England  11/1, 2–3, 5, 6, 7–8
  • see also alien priories; Carolingian period; St Denis, abbey of; and individual places
  • Franks Casket; clipeus type image  02/9
  • Frauenchiemsee, Germany; chapel of St Michael in the Torhalle  AJ86/83
  • free men (radcnihts, radmen, ‘riding men’)  96/10; 98/18, 21, 22, 23–4
  • freedmen (coliberti), Domesday Book  98/24
  • Freeman, E A
  • on ASC as bedtime reading  91/10
  • on William Rufus at Gloucester  92/26
  • Freiston church, Lincs; nave aisles  09/46
  • Frere, Canon Temple  14/48n10
  • friendship, diplomatic and political; feolagan & wedbrodra, ‘companions and pledge-brothers’, in Olney treaty  16/2–3, 3–4, 17
  • Frocester, Walter, abbot of Gloucester (fl. 1400)  92/12, 15, 30
  • see also Gloucester Historia
  • Fulda, Germany
  • Ottonian sketch of standing figure of Christ  AJ86/79–80
  • plan of abbey  07/19
  • funerals, ringing of bells at  MA53/85
  • funerary monuments, Deerhurst church  89/5; 09/1, 48–9, 49
  • funerary set, medieval base metal, in Deerhurst priest’s burial  00/15
  • galleries, Deerhurst church
  • over west end of nave  86/14; 89/3; AJ86/98–9, 102; MA53/41, 43, 45, 66, 67
  • see also walkways
  • Galtier Martí, Fernando; on tower of Tábara  MA53/80-1
  • Gameson, Richard; on inscriptions  99/12-13; AJ86/82
  • gaming board, Anglo-Saxon  05/8, 10
  • Gandersheim Casket  02/20
  • Gardner, Samuel; on Deerhurst nave arcades  09/31, 37
  • gargoyles, Deerhurst  03/10
  • Gelati, Georgia; apse painting  02/10
  • geld payments, early C11  18/13
  • Gem, Richard  07/1-32; AJ88/109-64
  • on Æthelric’s pilgrimage to Rome  07/1-32
  • on architecture and liturgy  MA53/79-80
  • on Deerhurst church
  • arch to south-east chapel  09/2
  • beast-heads and Alfred Jewel  02/5; AJ88/114
  • date of sculpture  09/2; AJ88/114; MA53/38
  • polychrome decoration  AJ88/109-64
  • paint residues  14/1; AJ86/67
  • Roman influences  07/1-32
  • stone panels, and depicta  AJ86/100
  • Virgin Mary figure  07/21-6; 14/39-41; AJ88/139-42, 150-3
  • on remodelling of churches  92/20
  • on roughed-out sculpture in elevated positions  02/4
  • on soffit rolls  09/7, 8
  • on wooden spires and other superstructures  MA53/70
  • gemstones as attachments to sculptures  02/2; AJ88/118, 129, 145
  • Geneva, Switzerland; Nôtre-Dame la Neuve, baptistery  13/6, 7
  • geology, Deerhurst area  90/3
  • see also building stone; petrology
  • Gerard the Chamberlain (fl. 1086)  96/9–10; 97/21; 98/24–5, 39, 43
  • Germany
  • architecture and sculpture  09/11, 58n151
  • Ealdred as inspired by  92/22, 23
  • influence of St Peter’s, Rome  07/19–21, 19, 21
  • and liturgy  86/13–14; 07/19, 21
  • polychrome decoration  14/2; AJ86/79–80, 83, 105n35; AJ88/147
  • Boniface’s mission  07/3–4
  • Ealdred’s diplomatic mission  92/20, 21, 22, 23; 99/6–7
  • inscriptions  99/7, 17, 18, 29, 44n84
  • liturgy  86/13–14; 07/19, 21
  • relic displays  MA53/83–4
  • royal ceremonial  92/21, 22
  • wooden walkways of Roman basilica, Trier  MA53/76
  • see also individual places
  • gesso
  • sculptures covered in  02/2
  • traces on stone panels, Deerhurst church  AJ86/69, 99
  • Ghent, Belgium; monastery of Mont-Blandin, and reform  88/6–7
  • Giffard, Godfrey, bishop of Worcester  08/7; 11/3
  • Gifts of Men, The (Old English poem)  05/2, 8–9
  • Gilbert, E; on Deerhurst church
  • on date of arch to south-east chapel  09/2
  • sketch of east end  AJ86/84
  • Gildable Bridge, near Deerhurst, Glos  16/18–19, 26, 28
  • Giotto di Bondone; mosaic in St Peter’s, Rome  07/15
  • Giraldus Cambrensis, on ‘hills of Cotswold’  90/9
  • Gisela, queen of Hungary; inscribed gold cross on mother’s tomb  99/13
  • Gittos, Helen; on architecture and liturgy  MA53/79-80
  • Glaber, Ralph; ‘white mantle of churches’ of 12th century  97/5
  • glass, stained
  • Benedictine narratives  08/19
  • Canterbury Cathedral, Alphege (Ælfheah) window  12/1–2, 7–10, 13, 14
  • Deerhurst church
  • of benefactors  11/Back cover
  • of St Catherine of Alexandria  11/Front cover
  • Great Malvern Priory
  • of Alphege (Ælfheah)  08/22
  • of benefactors  08/23, 23
  • of chapel associated with St Werstan  08/8–9
  • Foundation Window  08/2, 3, 4, 8, 10–17, 12–16
  • Glastonbury Abbey, Somerset
  • Æthelwold at  88/8
  • Anglo-Saxon wall-painting fragments  AJ86/83
  • architecture and sculpture  09/25, 38, 46, 58n167, 59n182
  • Dunstan and  88/7; 99/10, 23; 08/9, 21
  • foundation myths  08/9, 21
  • Gloucester
  • Æthelred, lord of the Mercians and
  • develops and fortifies  19/16
  • holds meeting of Mercian witan in  19/2&n9
  • Æthelstan dies at  92/8
  • Alney island not location of peace-meeting of 1016  16/28–9
  • Anselm proclaimed archbishop of Canterbury in  92/27
  • burh  92/3
  • castle  98/1, 5–6, 17
  • Cathedral (formerly St Peter’s Abbey; see also old minster below)
  • building stone  03/2, 8, 12
  • cloisters  92/30
  • consecration (1100)  92/17, 26
  • crypt  92/23; 09/11, 13, 24, 37
  • date  92/23, 26
  • Edward II’s burial  92/11
  • fires (1101, 1122)  92/12
  • infirmary hall  03/8
  • repairs, mid-C19  03/2, 8
  • sculpture
  • Abbot’s lodging, now Church House  09/43, 44, 45, 50
  • chapter house entrance  09/25, 26
  • crypt  09/11, 13, 24, 37
  • eastern arm of church  09/11
  • main arcades  09/6
  • masons also work at Deerhurst  9/50
  • nave  09/24, 25, 26
  • north transept chapel  09/6–7, 16
  • presbytery galleries  09/38
  • stained glass  08/19
  • Danish occupation (877)  19/7
  • Deerhurst Priory’s lands in  11/2
  • Domesday Book  98/1–6, 17
  • burgesses attached to rural manors  98/5, 6, 7
  • churches: 98/4
  • Evesham K compared  98/1-2, 4-5, 6, 17
  • freedmen  98/24
  • manor in 1086; map of location  98/2, 3, 4
  • market area  98/6, 7
  • new minster  92/8, 16; 98/4, 33
  • old minster estates  92/2, 16
  • population (1066–86)  98/6
  • royal palace at Kingsholm  98/1, 4
  • survey initiated at meeting in  98/7–8, 15
  • key, C8, found at  02/7
  • Kingsholm
  • coin hoard  92/16
  • see also royal palace below
  • map of Anglo-Saxon  92/18–19
  • market area  98/6, 7
  • mint  98/1
  • new minster (St Oswald’s Priory)  89/1–8; 92/1–36
  • Æthelflæd and Æthelred buried at  89/5; 92/7; 19/1, 3, 16
  • Æthelstan’s charter referring to  92/11
  • archbishops hold
  • Stigand, of Canterbury  92/10–11
  • Thomas I, of York  92/11
  • architecture  89/4–6
  • as Augustinian priory  92/29
  • bell-pit  89/5
  • and Benedictine reform  92/8–10
  • chapel near Kingsholm royal centre  89/4
  • Cnut gives estates to Duduc, bishop of Wells  92/10
  • Deerhurst church building compared  89/4–6
  • Domesday Book  92/8, 16; 98/4, 33
  • early dedication to St Peter  92/1
  • foundation  89/1, 4; 92/4, 7, 9; 97/9, 19; 19/1, 3, 16; AJ86/102
  • history
  • C9–11  92/4–11, 28-9
  • post-Conquest  89/6; 92/29
  • learning  92/5, 6, 28
  • location  92/4–5, 18–19
  • and Malmesbury minster  92/9
  • painted plaster  89/6; AJ86/82–3; AJ88/144–5, 159n45
  • parish  92/5; 97/9
  • pilgrimage  89/6
  • relics of St Oswald  89/4; 92/6–7, 8, 10, 11; 97/9; 19/14, 16; AJ86/102
  • Roman stone reused in  89/4
  • royal patronage  89/4, 5; 92/8, 10, 12-13, 28–9
  • sculpture  89/5, 5
  • cross-shafts  89/5; 02/5–6, 7; 14/24; AJ88/148
  • grave covers  89/5, 5
  • as secular college  97/19
  • William of Malmesbury on  92/4, 9, 11
  • Winchester New Minster possibly response to  19/16
  • old minster (St Peter’s Abbey)  92/1–36
  • C7–9  92/1–2, 11
  • C9–10 dearth of information  92/6, 8, 11
  • C10–11  92/11–13
  • C11  92/14–28, 29
  • abbesses  92/1
  • in Æthelric’s will  92/2, 11; 19/5
  • Benedictine reform  92/8–9, 14–15, 29; 97/1, 3
  • damage (1088)  92/12, 26–7
  • Domesday entry  98/4, 5, 33
  • Ealdred’s rebuilding or remodelling  92/17–26
  • consecration (1058)  91/15; 92/17, 23
  • foundation (c. 679)  92/1, 9, 12
  • Historia (c. 1400)
  • chronicle  92/1, 2, 12–17, 23
  • index of abbey properties  92/12, 26
  • lack of successful cult  92/11, 29
  • landholdings  90/14; 92/2, 16
  • dispute with see of York, C11–12  92/25
  • Domesday Book  98/33
  • learning  92/6
  • location  92/18–19, 27–8, 30–1
  • mint  98/1
  • monastic community  92/1–2, 8–9, 14–17, 29; 97/1
  • origin  97/1–3, 9
  • parish  97/9–10
  • roundel of Christ possibly from  92/25
  • royal patronage  92/1, 2, 4, 7, 8, 11, 12–13, 21–2, 26–7, 29; 19/19n46
  • sources; Historia, and Gregory of Caerwent  92/12–13
  • William of Malmesbury’s erroneous information on  92/9, 12
  • see also Cathedral above
  • parishes, extent of
  • minster  97/9, 13
  • medieval  97/2
  • C19 ecclesiastical  97/16–17
  • population (1066–86)  98/6
  • river quay  92/18–19
  • Roman town
  • reuse of building stone  89/4; 03/9
  • wall  92/18–19, 28
  • royal palace, Kingsholm
  • in Domesday Book  98/1, 4
  • and new minster  89/4; 92/5
  • royal presence
  • Æthelred and Æthelflæd  89/5; 92/3, 7
  • Æthelstan dies at  92/8
  • Harthacnut  92/22
  • Edward the Confessor  92/21–2; 08/5
  • William I  92/21, 22; 98/7–8, 15
  • William II  92/21, 26–7
  • crown-wearings  92/21, 22, 26–7
  • patronage declines, C10–11  92/8, 28-9
  • St Mary de Lode
  • location of font  13/11
  • and location of old minster  92/18–19, 28
  • parish  97/9–10
  • stone carving  09/49, 50
  • St Nicholas; stone carving  09/45–6, 45, 50
  • St Oswald’s Priory  see new minster above
  • St Owen’s parish  97/10
  • St Peter’s Abbey  see Cathedral and old minster above
  • Tolsey, at Gloucester Cross  02/26n18
  • and Vikings  92/5; 19/7
  • Gloucester, earls of; own Corse Chase  90/7
  • Gloucester Council (1086)  98/15
  • Gloucester Historia (c. 1400)
  • chronicle  92/1, 2, 12–17, 23
  • index of abbey properties  92/12, 26
  • Glynne, Sir Stephen; on Deerhurst nave arcades  09/31
  • Gode, sister of Edward the Confessor  96/22–3n19
  • Godelli, John, prior of Deerhurst  11/3
  • Godric, dean of Christ Church, Canterbury  12/11
  • Godric, king’s thegn, tenant of Westminster lands  18/11, 12
  • Godric finc, thegn of Earl Ælfgar  18/12
  • Godric, other individuals by name of
  • Domesday tenants of Pershore and Westminster lands  96/20; 18/11
  • witness(es) of charters from Æthelred to Cnut  06/4
  • Godwin, brother of Earl Leofric  92/26
  • Godwine, earl of the West Saxons  91/13, 15
  • Odda’s relations with Godwine and family  96/1–2, 5; 06/7; 18/4, 11
  • Godwine, probably nephew of Ælfhere (d.1016)  96/4
  • Godwine, witness to charters of Æthelred and Cnut  06/3, 4
  • Goldcliff Priory, Monmouthshire  11/10
  • Goldsmith, Oliver  05/1
  • goldwork (embroidery); inscriptions on early C10 stole and maniple  99/11–12
  • Good Friday liturgy  86/15–16
  • Goscelin of S-Bertin  13/4, 15
  • Goslar, Germany; cathedral of St Simon and St Jude  92/22
  • Gotherington, Glos
  • Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 4, 38–43
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries  97/6, 17
  • el-Gouéa, Algeria; baptistery  13/5
  • Graculi, Thomas, prior of Deerhurst  11/4
  • graffiti; letter thorn at Deerhurst  MA53/50n35
  • grave covers, C10, Gloucester St Oswald  89/5, 5
  • Great Bedwyn church, Wilts; capitals  09/59nn169, 170, 174
  • Great Edstone, N Yorks; inscribed sundial  99/17
  • Great Malvern Priory, Worcs  96/11–12; 08/1–27
  • and Alphege (Ælfheah) legend  08/21, 22
  • arcade in nave  08/19–20, 19
  • benefactors  08/2, 3, 23, 23
  • chapel in hills associated with St Werstan  08/8–9
  • Deerhurst’s connection  08/5, 6, 20–2
  • Domesday omits  96/12
  • Edward the Confessor and  96/11; 08/3, 4, 5, 8, 13–15, 15, 20–1, 24n4
  • foundation myth  08/1–27
  • St Werstan and  08/1–17, 22, 23
  • sources  08/1–9
  • timing of creation and promotion  08/17–20
  • Leland and  08/3–5, 6–8, 22
  • Odda and  96/2, 11-12; 08/20–1
  • St Thomas Becket and  08/16–17, 18, 20
  • stained glass
  • of Alphege (Ælfheah)  08/22
  • of benefactors  08/23, 23
  • of chapel associated with St Werstan  08/8–9
  • Foundation Window  08/2, 3, 4, 8, 10–17, 12–16
  • and Westminster Abbey  96/12; 08/8, 11, 20
  • William I and  08/2, 3, 8
  • William of Malmesbury on  96/12&n65; 08/3, 5, 7
  • Worcester claim to jurisdiction  08/7, 8, 13
  • Great Paxton church, Hunts; nave aisles  09/46
  • Great Rissington, Glos; burgesses in Domesday Book  98/5, 7
  • Great Washbourne, Glos
  • in Beckford minster parish  97/8, 22, 23–4
  • Domesday Book  98/25, 38–43
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • south doorway  09/15
  • transferred to Tewkesbury Abbey (1177)  97/22
  • Great Witcombe, Glos
  • chancel arch of church; chevron ornament  09/26
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • parochial affiliation  97/9
  • Greet, Glos; peasant landholdings c. 1140  98/23
  • Gregory I (the Great), pope
  • and Augustine of Canterbury  88/3, 4; 07/3
  • Pastoral Care
  • Alfred’s translation  99/11
  • preface  16/3, 14
  • illustration bound in manuscript of (Oxford, St John’s College MS 28, f. 2)  14/10–11, 12; AJ86/77, 77
  • tomb, altar and relics in St Peter’s, Rome  07/8, 9
  • Gregory II, pope, and Schola Saxonum, Rome  07/5
  • Gregory III, pope; oratory in St Peter’s, Rome  07/9, 15, 18
  • Gregory IV, pope; restoration works at St Peter’s, Rome  07/13, 15
  • Gregory of Caerwent; Chronicle  92/12–13, 14
  • Greston hundred, Glos; Domesday survey  98/2, 3, 17, 38–43
  • Gretton, Glos; peasant landholdings c. 1140  98/23
  • Grim, founder of St Mary Castlegate, York  99/8–9
  • Grimaldi, Giacomo  07/10, 30n44
  • grouting  see pointing
  • Grove Court, Glos; Domesday manor  98/2, 3, 4
  • Gruffudd ap Llywelyn, king of Gwynedd  08/5–6
  • Gruffudd ap Rhydderch, king of Dyfed  08/5
  • Gunnhild, wife of earl Hakon  18/13, 21
  • Gunni; grave marker in Winchester  16/3
  • Guthrum, king of East Anglia
  • and Alfred
  • Guthrum’s subordination and its limits  19/10
  • invasion of Wessex (878)  19/13
  • treaty, and area to north of London  19/11
  • baptism  19/10
  • and Ceolwulf II  19/7, 8, 11
  • coinage  19/21n79
  • Guy, hermit in Malvern Hills  08/5, 7
  • Gwynedd; relations with Alfred and with Mercia under Æthelred  19/8, 10-11
  • Hadrian I, pope
  • and controversy over images  AJ88/152, 153
  • epitaph, commissioned by Charlemagne  99/18, 26, 30–3
  • and reform of English church  07/4
  • restoration of St Peter’s basilica  07/7, 13; AJ88/152
  • haga place-names  90/4–5, 7
  • Hailes, Glos
  • Domesday entry  90/12; 98/24
  • early name possibly from root sal-, ‘salt-folk’  90/12
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • in Winchcombe minster parish  97/9
  • Hakon, earl of Worcestershire, and church lands  18/13, 14, 20–1
  • Halberstadt, Germany; epitaph of bishop Bernhard  99/29
  • hall, royal (regia aula), in inscription in Odda’s chapel  89/4&n11; 96/29–30n74; 99/3–5
  • Hallaton, Leics; position of high altar in church  86/19
  • Hampnett church, Glos; capitals  09/39, 59n169
  • hangings, wall  14/2
  • Hanley Castle, Worcs
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16–17
  • Lechmere stone  02/20
  • Hardwicke, Glos
  • in Deerhurst’s medieval parish  97/3, 6–7, 10
  • Domesday Book  96/8, 19; 98/2, 3, 4, 21, 32–47; 18/3, 4
  • map  90/6
  • name indicates dairying or herding  90/4
  • Westminster Abbey’s ownership  96/18; 97/6, 7; 18/3, 4
  • see also Elmstone Hardwicke
  • Hare, Michael
  • on Deerhurst church
  • chancel arch as integral with wall  AJ86/95-7; AJ88/111
  • construction sequence
  • modification of Rahtz’s Phase IV  AJ88/110-11, 113; MA53/38, 55-6
  • single phase, early C9, with features inserted in C10  18/18
  • font  97/27n31; 14/14
  • painted figure  AJ86/66-109
  • role in discovery  14/1-2, 4, 5; AJ86/67, 68
  • porch and tower  MA53/35-93
  • Virgin Mary figure  14/41
  • on Ealdred’s influence on royal ceremonial  92/21-2; 99/6-7
  • on Elmstone Hardwicke sculptural fragment  02/30n73; 97/27n31
  • on Gloucester minsters  92/1-36
  • on location of Olney meeting  16/2, 24-9
  • on Odda’s Chapel inscription, significance of regia aula  96/29-30n74; 99/36n14
  • Harescombe, Glos
  • Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 4, 20, 25, 32–47
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16–17
  • Haresfield, Glos
  • Domesday Book  98/5, 7, 21, 25, 32–47
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16
  • Harley Prayerbook (London, BL MS Harley 7653)  02/13, 14
  • Harnhill church, Glos; south doorway  09/15
  • Harold II, king of the English (Harold Godwinson)
  • and Alfred of Marlborough  18/11
  • crowned by Ealdred  92/20
  • inherits earldom of all Wessex  96/5
  • Odda’s opposition to family of  96/1–2, 5; 06/7; 18/4, 11
  • Harridge  see Oridge
  • Harthacnut, king of the English
  • in Gloucester  92/22
  • Odda witnesses lease at assembly presided over by  18/14
  • Hartpury, Glos
  • early parochial affiliation unknown  97/10
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16
  • Hasfield, Glos
  • Barrow Hill  90/7
  • in Deerhurst estate  90/6; 18/3, 4
  • in Deerhurst parish  97/3, 10
  • Domesday Book  96/19; 98/2, 3, 4
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16
  • passes to Westminster Abbey  96/18
  • place-names indicate Anglo-Saxon landscape  90/4, 7
  • Hasteinn, viking leader; and Alfred  19/10
  • Hatfield, Herefs; font  14/26, 27
  • Hatherley, Glos
  • Domesday Book  92/16
  • leased out by Gloucester old minster, c. 1022  92/15–17
  • Haverfordwest church, Pembs; capitals  09/59n174
  • Haw, The, Glos
  • Domesday Book  90/4, 6; 96/20; 98/2, 3, 4
  • passes to Saint-Denis  96/18
  • priory’s income from estates, 1381/2  11/5
  • Hawkes, Jane
  • on cross-shafts  14/20, 23, 24
  • on figures of Christ  02/12
  • Hawkesbury, S Glos
  • freedmen, Domesday Book  98/24
  • Wulfstan given church at  18/13
  • Hawling, Glos
  • peasant landholdings c. 1140  98/23
  • woodland  90/13, 14
  • Hawton, Notts; Easter sepulchre  86/18
  • Hayden, Glos
  • Domesday Book  90/6; 96/19; 98/2, 3, 4, 32–47; 18/4
  • passes to Westminster Abbey  96/18; 18/4
  • ‘Haylward’ (Æthelweard mæw)  97/11
  • Headbourne Worthy church, Hants; scene of Passion  86/8
  • Heahberht, bishop of Worcester, and will of Æthelric  91/3–4
  • Heale, Martin; Deerhurst Priory in later Middle Ages  11/1–17
  • Healey, T W; viewing of Deerhurst painted figure, 1929  AJ86/104
  • health in Anglo-Saxon period  05/11–12, 13
  • Heckington, Lincs; Easter sepulchre  86/18
  • Hedda Stone, Peterborough Cathedral  AJ86/76
  • Heemskerck, Marten van  07/12
  • height of Anglo-Saxon churches  00/9–10
  • Heighway, Carolyn
  • on date of St Oswald cross-shaft  02/7
  • on Deerhurst St Mary and Gloucester St Oswald  89/1-8
  • excavations of St Oswald’s, Gloucester  19/16
  • helmet found at Coppergate, York  02/7, 20
  • Hemel Hempstead church, Herts; nave aisles  09/46
  • Hemming’s Cartulary  91/20-1; 92/25-6; 97/21; 18/26n69, 26n71
  • Hempsted, Glos
  • Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 4, 32–47
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16
  • in parish of St Owen’s, Gloucester  97/10
  • Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor; builds minster church of Goslar for crown-wearing  92/22
  • Henry I, king of the English
  • charter on schools of Gloucester  92/6
  • and Great Malvern Priory  08/5, 24n4
  • writ of 1100 referring to crown-wearings  92/21, 26–7
  • Henry IV, king of England, and ownership of Deerhurst Priory  11/6–7
  • Henry VI, king of England, and ownership of Deerhurst Priory  11/8, 9
  • Henry VII, king of England, and ownership of Deerhurst Priory  11/11
  • Henry VIII, king of England
  • pressure on Deerhurst to lease properties to lay elites  11/12
  • Valor Ecclesiasticus on Deerhurst lands allocated to Tewkesbury Abbey  11/10–11
  • see also Dissolution of the monasteries
  • Henry of Blois, bishop of Winchester  09/25
  • Henry of Huntingdon
  • on Æthelred, lord of the Mercians  19/14
  • on Domesday Book  98/9
  • Hentage, Glos (Domesday manor)  98/2, 3, 4, 38–43
  • Herculaneum, Italy; timber walkways and balconies  MA53/76
  • Hereford
  • bishops
  • landholdings
  • (803)  97/21
  • (1066)  97/9; 98/20, 32–3
  • see also Foliot, Gilbert; Robert Losinga; Wulfheard
  • Cathedral; architecture and sculpture  09/11–12, 13, 16
  • Welsh attacks, 1055–6  08/5–6
  • Westbury-on-Severn minster in late medieval diocese  97/10
  • heregeld, ‘army tax’, of 1018  92/16
  • Herimann II, archbishop of Cologne; Ealdred’s connection  92/22; 99/7
  • Hermann II, count of Salm; and church at Beho  MA53/75
  • hermeneutic style of literature  99/11
  • hermits
  • Ælfheah’s time as  08/22; 12/2
  • Aldwin, in Malvern Hills  96/11; 08/3, 5, 7–8
  • and Great Malvern foundation myth  08/3, 5, 6, 7–8, 10, 11, 22
  • herringbone masonry
  • at Deerhurst  00/17, 18, 21, 22
  • in restored masonry  03/8, 10, 14–15; AJ86/66, 88
  • reuse of Roman material  03/7–8, 7, 8–9
  • Hexateuch, Old English Illustrated (London, BL MS Cotton Claudius B IV)  05/7, 8; 09/11
  • Heysham, Lancs; painted fragments from St Patrick’s Chapel  AJ86/83; AJ88/159n45
  • Hidcote Bartrim, Glos; Domesday Book  98/24
  • Hide, Glos (Domesday manor)  98/2, 3, 4
  • Higden, Ranulf; Polychronicon (London, Lambeth Palace Library MS 112)
  • note about Olney  16/25
  • prophecy about Deerhurst  11/9
  • Higgitt, John  patrons and inscriptions in later Anglo-Saxon England  99/1-45
  • High Brotheridge quarry, Cranham, Glos  03/26n20
  • high-level chambers, Deerhurst church  see upper storey
  • Highnam, Glos
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16
  • in Westbury-on-Severn minster parish  97/10
  • Hill, David; on quality of life in Anglo-Saxon England  05/1–14
  • Hill Croome, Worcs
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • probably in Ripple minster parish  97/8
  • Hilmarton church, Wilts; capitals  09/59nn169, 170
  • Hinton-on-the-Green, Worcs
  • church; incised decoration  09/14
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • Elfleda’s gift to Gloucester old minster  92/12–13
  • Hitchcock, William, chaplain of Deerhurst (fl. 1389)  11/6
  • hlaford, hlaforddome (OE, ‘lord, lordship’)  19/1
  • hlaford/landhlaford (personal lord/landlord) distinction  96/9–10
  • hoards
  • Eye, Herefs; joint issue coins of Alfred and Ceolwulf II  19/20n64
  • Kingsholm; Cnut’s first issue of coins  92/16
  • St Ninian’s Isle, Shetland; chapes  02/7
  • Trewhiddle, Cornwall  02/20
  • Watlington, Oxon; joint issue coins of Alfred and Ceolwulf II  19/20n64
  • Hoddom, Dumfriesshire; carvings  02/10, 12
  • Hodgkin, R H; on quality of Anglo-Saxon life  05/1
  • Holdfast, Worcs; ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16–17
  • Holy Trinity; Odda’s dedications at Deerhurst  96/2, 13; 99/3-5&n11
  • Hook Norton church, Oxon; position of altar  86/19
  • Hooke, Della; Anglo-Saxon landscape of north Gloucestershire  90/1-16
  • Horsley, Glos; Domesday Book  98/5, 7
  • household sizes at Domesday  98/19, 24
  • Hovingham, N Yorks; reuse of sculpture  02/7
  • Howe, Emily; on polychrome decoration at Deerhurst church  14/1, 2; AJ88/109–64
  • Hrabanus Maurus; carmina figurata  99/33
  • Hucclecote, Glos
  • Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 4, 20, 25, 32–47
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • in parish of St Oswald’s minster, Gloucester  97/9
  • Hugh of St Victor  13/15
  • Hugh ‘the Ass’, Domesday tenant of Brockworth  98/20, 33
  • humour, Anglo-Saxon  05/10–11
  • Humphrey of Maidenhill  98/25, 33
  • Hundred Years’ War  11/1, 2–3, 5, 6, 7–8
  • hundreds (administrative units); creation  97/5
  • hunting  05/9; 90/4–5, 7, 11
  • Hwicce
  • Æthelred, lord of the Mercians and  19/2, 3
  • continuity from Dobunni  90/1
  • and Gloucester old minster  92/1, 2
  • minsters founded by the kings of the  89/1; 92/1; 97/1
  • mons Huuicciorum (Cutsdean area)  90/9, 10
  • subordination to Mercia  19/9
  • Wilsætan defeat at Kempsford  19/6
  • Icelandic poetry  16/2, 5–16, 22–3
  • Knútsdrápa, Óttarr svarti  16/2, 6, 7–16, 22–3
  • Ickleton church, Cambs; nave aisles  09/46
  • iconoclast controversy  07/25; AJ88/152, 153
  • Iconografia Rateriana (Verona, Biblioteca Capitolare MS CXIV, ff.187v-188r)  MA53/76
  • icons with clipeus type figures of Virgin  07/21, 25; 14/40–1, 45–6; AJ88/150, 152-3
  • inclosure, Deerhurst area (1815)  16/26, 27
  • Ine, king of the West Saxons; and Schola Saxonum, Rome  07/5
  • ingas, place-names ending in  97/4
  • Ingeld, ealdorman, father of Æthelmund  07/1; 19/3
  • inscriptions  99/1–45
  • Alfredian secular building inscription  99/9
  • centring and symmetries  99/5–6, 5, 29–33
  • church foundation  99/1–9
  • crosses, inscriptions opening with incised  99/3, 7, 8
  • on crosses
  • Anglo-Saxon stone memorial  99/9
  • Brussels reliquary  99/12–13, 14, 22–3
  • Regensburg, on tomb of Gisela of Bavaria  99/13
  • curses to prevent theft of dedicated item  99/10, 23
  • on font, by Ambrose; significance of number eight  02/21
  • on fortifications  99/9
  • intended audiences  99/1, 14
  • Latin language  99/2–7, 10–11, 11–12, 14, 21, 23, 24–6, 27–33
  • lettering  99/6–7, 17–19
  • literacy levels and  99/14
  • on metalwork  99/9–11, 12–13, 13–14
  • needlework  99/11–12
  • Old English language  99/7–9, 12–13, 14, 21–3, 24–5, 27
  • patrons’ place in  99/2–3, 5–6, 7–8, 13–14
  • on precious objects  99/9–13
  • reading aloud  99/1, 7, 14
  • Roman, influence of antique  99/6, 17, 18
  • space-saving devices  99/6, 7, 18
  • and sundials  99/7–8, 22, 24–5
  • Synod of Chelsea on dedicatory depicta, possibly meaning inscriptions  02/11; 07/26; 14/39; AJ86/100; AJ88/153
  • instances:
  • Aldbrough, E Yorks  99/8, 13
  • Brussels cross  99/12-13, 14, 22-3
  • Jarrow, St Paul’s church  99/2–3, 21
  • Kirkdale, N Yorks, church of St Gregory  96/13; 99/7–8, 13, 22, 24–5
  • Lincoln, St Mary-le-Wigford  99/8, 13
  • Pershore, in Odda’s coffin; ‘cultor Dei’  96/2
  • York, St Mary Castlegate  99/8–9
  • see also under Odda’s Chapel
  • Ireland
  • raids on Worcestershire-Herefordshire region, 1040s-50s  08/5–6, 8
  • round towers  MA53/81
  • Isabella, queen of England, and Deerhurst  11/3, 4
  • ivories
  • Byzantine; influence on Virgin figure  02/10
  • evangelist symbols in English roundels, c. 1000  02/10
  • fonts depicted on C8–9  14/24, 25, 26
  • Lorsch Gospels, cover  02/10; AJ86/78–9, 79, 80
  • Ivychurch Priory, Wilts  09/22, 23
  • Jackson, E D C; on Deerhurst church
  • socket holes in porch  MA53/57
  • stone panels  AJ86/84
  • Jakobs, Johann, priest of Beho, Belgium  MA53/70, 71, 74, 75, 84
  • James the Deacon, musician (fl. 597)  88/5
  • Jarrow, Tyne and Wear
  • monastery of Monkwearmouth and
  • cantors taught by Abbot John of St Martin’s, Rome  88/5
  • monastic rule  97/1
  • St Paul’s church
  • dedication inscription (685)  99/2–3, 21
  • dependency of Durham Cathedral after Conquest  91/27n48
  • wall-painting fragments  AJ86/83; AJ88/143
  • Jerusalem; Ealdred’s pilgrimage (1058)  91/15
  • Jervaulx Abbey, N Yorks; cloister arcade  09/56n92
  • Jesch, Judith; on Knútsdrápa  16/12
  • John, king of England; burial at Worcester Cathedral  08/21
  • John VII, pope; oratory in St Peter’s, Rome  07/9, 10
  • John, abbot of St Martin’s, Rome  88/5
  • John the Chamberlain, Domesday landholder  98/25, 39, 43
  • John Chrysostom
  • on baptism  13/5, 9
  • on protection of towns by relics  MA53/88
  • John of Damascus  07/25
  • John Scotus Eriugena  02/23
  • John of Worcester; Chronicle  91/10–11
  • on Ælfheah  91/8, 17; 12/6, 11
  • on Ælfric’s death and burial  91/9; 96/2
  • on battle of Sherston  06/12, 14
  • on Cnut’s election as king  16/5
  • on Domesday Book  98/9
  • on Ealdred’s building work at Gloucester  92/17
  • on Odda  91/9; 96/2, 5-6; 18/8
  • on peace-meeting at Olney (1016)  91/9; 16/27
  • sources  91/11; 06/12; 12/6
  • Jones, Thomas, C19 quarryman of Twyning  03/25n13
  • Joscelyn, John  91/11
  • justice
  • Æthelred, lord of the Mercians’ criminal jurisdiction  19/2
  • by ordeal  13/4
  • Kari son of Toki, landholder at Holcombe Regis, 1046  96/14
  • Kells, Book of (Dublin, TCD MS 58)
  • eight disks on resurrection cross  02/22
  • fictive architecture of canon table  AJ88/147–8, 148
  • Kemerton, Worcs
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • successive ownership
  • in Bredon minster parish (C8)  97/8
  • divided between Odda and St Mary’s, Deerhurst  96/8, 19, 20; 97/18
  • divided between Westminster and St Denis  96/8, 18
  • parts appropriated by Beorhtric, lord of Tewkesbury  96/10; 97/14
  • Domesday situation  96/9–10, 19, 20; 97/14; 98/17, 24–5, 43
  • Kempsford, Glos
  • battle between Hwiccian and Wiltshire forces (802)  90/1; 07/1; 19/6, 13
  • death of Æthelmund  19/5, 6, 18n37
  • Domesday Book  98/5, 7
  • Kendrick, T D; on Deerhurst Angel  02/12
  • Kent; annexation by Wessex  19/9
  • key, C8, from Gloucester  02/7
  • Keynes, Simon
  • on Æthelredian Chronicle  16/5
  • on change in character of Viking raids on British Isles  12/5
  • on witness lists and court politics  06/2-3, 4, 5, 12
  • Keynsham Abbey, Somerset; capitals  09/37, 39
  • Khandisi, Armenia; clipeus sculpture  02/9
  • Kilpeck church, Herefs; fictive mortar joints  09/14
  • kings  see royalty and individual names
  • King’s Barton, Glos; Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 4, 20, 25–6, 32–47
  • Kings Stanley church, Glos; fictive mortar joints  09/14
  • Kingsholm, Gloucester
  • coin hoard; Cnut’s first issue  92/16
  • royal centre/palace
  • in Domesday Book  98/1, 4
  • and new minster  89/4; 92/5
  • Kingston, Sir William  11/12
  • Kingston Buci church, W Sussex; squint, and position of altar  86/19
  • Kinlet church, Shrops; capitals  09/59n174
  • Kirk Maughold church, Isle of Man; location of font  13/10
  • Kirkby Lonsdale church, Westmorland; nave aisles  09/46
  • Kirkdale, N Yorks; church of St Gregory, inscription by Orm son of Gamal  96/13; 99/7–8, 13, 22, 24–5
  • Kitzinger, Ernst
  • on era of devotional image  02/10
  • on St Cuthbert’s coffin  02/14; AJ86/76
  • Klukas, Arnold; on Regularis Concordia and church architecture  86/13, 14-15; AJ86/97, 100
  • Knowles, Dom David
  • on Augustine and monastic life  88/3
  • on liturgical music at Winchester  88/9
  • on Oswald’s refoundations  91/8
  • Knowles, W H; and Deerhurst church
  • on arch to south-east chapel  09/2, 8
  • on column re-used in Priory Farm  09/8, 9
  • excavations (1926)  00/12; 02/1; AJ86/104
  • on modifications to south porticus  09/12-13
  • on nave arcades  09/31
  • and stone panels  AJ86/84, 104
  • Knútsdrápa (‘Poem in Praise of Cnut’), Óttarr svarti  16/2, 6, 7–16, 22–3
  • Knýtlinga saga (‘The Saga of the Descendants of Cnut’)  16/8
  • Kornelimünster, Germany; relic displays  MA53/83, 84
  • label stops
  • medieval, Deerhurst nave arcades  09/47–8, 48
  • see also beast-heads
  • labour-services; pre-Conquest imposition on free men  98/21
  • lænland  96/9, 13, 27n54
  • Lambourn church, Berks; carving  09/46, 57n144, 58n167, 59n169, 171
  • Lanalet Pontifical (Rouen, Bibliothèque de la Ville de Rouen MS A27 f.2v)  86/10, Plate III
  • landholdings
  • bookland  89/3; 91/3–7; 96/26–7n50
  • church; growth by C8  90/1–2
  • commendation  96/9–10
  • Deerhurst, Pershore and Westminster Abbey  18/1–28
  • see also under individual places
  • Domesday
  • elite landholders  98/19–20
  • peasants’  98/22–3
  • size of tenant holdings  98/19, 21–3, 36, 42
  • tributary lands  96/9&n50, 27n54
  • ecclesiastical/secular relationships  90/9; 91/3–7; 96/26–7n50
  • manors divided between lord’s secular estate and estate of church  96/8, 12
  • links between lowland and upland regions  90/9–11, 11–12
  • minster estates  90/3; 97/1
  • see also under individual names of people and institutions
  • landhlaford/hlaford (landlord/personal lord) distinction  96/9–10
  • landscape, Anglo-Saxon period  90/1–16
  • continuity after Conquest  98/26, 27
  • Deerhurst area  90/3–8, 6
  • location of Deerhurst in  89/1–2
  • northern high Cotswolds  90/8–12, 10
  • sources  90/1–3
  • west of Severn and Severn Vale  90/3–8, 6
  • Lanfranc, archbishop of Canterbury
  • doubts on Ælfheah’s claim to martyrdom  91/8
  • number of entries in ASC  91/14–15
  • Langford, Oxon
  • church; arches  09/6, 7
  • Domesday Book  09/7
  • Laon Cathedral, France  09/37
  • Lapidge, Michael; on Ealdred  92/23; 99/7
  • Las Huelgas Beatus (New York, Morgan Library M.429)  MA53/77n120
  • Lassington, Glos
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16
  • parochial affiliations  97/9, 10
  • Last Judgment (Doom) wall paintings  86/9–10, Plate III
  • Lastingham church, N Yorks; nave aisles  09/46
  • Lateran Council, Fourth  13/14, 16, 22n66
  • laudes regiae (royal acclamations)  92/21–2; 99/6-7
  • laws; Mercia maintains own after union with Wessex  19/16
  • lēah place-names  90/4, 6, 12, 13, 14
  • learning, C9–10 revival of  92/2–3, 5–6, 28
  • Lechlade, Glos; Domesday Book  98/5, 7, 13
  • Lechmere Stone  02/20; AJ86/75
  • Leckhampstead church, Bucks; location of font  13/13
  • Leckhampton, Glos
  • Broadwell manor  98/13, 20, 33
  • in Cheltenham minster parish  97/9
  • Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 13, 20, 21, 25, 32–47
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • Ledbury church, Herefs; architecture and carving  09/37, 60n189
  • Ledsham, W Yorks; church of All Saints  AJ88/145, 147
  • legates, C8 papal  07/4
  • Leicester; church of St Mary de Castro  86/19
  • The Leigh, adjacent to Deerhurst, Glos
  • in Deerhurst church estate  90/6; 96/20; 11/2; 18/3, 4
  • in Deerhurst parish  97/3, 10, 17
  • Domesday Book  96/20; 98/2, 3, 4, 32–47
  • passes to Saint-Denis  96/18
  • place-name indicates woodland environment  90/4
  • Leigh End, Glos; lands owned by Deerhurst Priory  11/2
  • Leigh, Worcs  18/6-7, 16–17
  • Leland, John
  • and Great Malvern Priory  08/3–5, 6–8, 22
  • on Odda  96/3, 22n11; 18/9
  • on Osric’s church in Gloucester  92/28&n76
  • and Pershore chronicle  96/3; 18/7–8, 9
  • on Reculver church  86/20
  • on Werstan and Deerhurst  08/3–5, 6–8, 22
  • Lemington, Glos; Domesday Book  96/19; 97/15, 18; 18/15
  • Leningrad Gospels (St Petersburg, Imperial Public Library Cod F v 1 8)  02/20
  • Leo III, pope  07/4
  • and Charlemagne  07/3, 5
  • and Coenwulf of the Mercians  07/4
  • donations to oratory of St Mary Mediana  07/18
  • and images in churches  AJ88/152, 153
  • and monasteries attached to St Peter’s  07/6
  • and water supply to Vatican  07/7
  • Leo IV, pope
  • fortifications in Rome  99/9
  • and oratory of St Mary Mediana  07/15, 18
  • and Santo Quattro Coronati  07/14, 15
  • and schola churches  07/5–6
  • Leo IX, pope; bull on Schola Saxonum  07/5
  • Leofnoth, witness to early C11 charters  06/4
  • Leofric, witness to early C11 charters  06/4, 6
  • Leofsige, bishop of Worcester  92/14
  • Leofsige, witness to early C11 charters  06/4, 6
  • Leofwine, ealdorman; Æthelred II’s gift of Mathon (1014)  96/28n60; 18/9
  • Leofwine, witness to early C11 charters  06/3, 4, 6
  • Leonard Stanley church, Glos; architecture and carving
  • parish church  09/26, 57n144, 58n167
  • Saxon Barn (former chapel adjacent to parish church)  03/8
  • Lewes Priory, E Sussex  09/8
  • lewis slots in stones at Deerhurst  03/9, 26n2
  • Liber Vitae of the New Minster, Winchester (London, BL Stowe MS 994 f.6)  99/11
  • Lichfield Angel
  • carving  14/32, 34
  • eye sockets drilled for glass or jewels  AJ88/144
  • polychromy  14/36, 37; AJ88/110, 143–4, 159n39
  • Lichfield Cathedral, Staffs; capitals  09/38, 59n174
  • life, quality of Anglo-Saxon  05/1–14
  • brewing  05/6–7
  • Cædmon as evidence on  05/2–3
  • community, sense of  05/13–14
  • crafts  05/7, 13
  • health, stature and mortality  05/11–12
  • humour  05/10–11, 12–13
  • hunting  05/9
  • music  05/3, 5, 8–9, 12–13
  • oral and literary culture  05/3, 5, 9, 10–11, 12–13
  • personal appearance, variety of  05/2, 4–5
  • poverty  05/2
  • religion  05/13
  • variety and range  05/2, 4–5
  • warfare; common people’s role  05/13
  • limekilns  03/4
  • limestone  see under building stone
  • limewash
  • Deerhurst church
  • on beast-head label-stops  AJ88/115, 118, 122–4, 126
  • on chancel arch  AJ88/115, 126, 127, 128
  • removed in restoration  AJ86/68, 69; AJ88/115, 118
  • on stone panels  AJ86/68, 69
  • Lichfield Angel  AJ88/144
  • Limpley Stoke church, Wilts; beast-head label-stops  02/5
  • Lincoln; church of St Mary-le-Wigford, inscription by Eirtig  99/8, 13
  • lind lægen (place mentioned in boundary clause)  90/5
  • Lindisfarne Gospels; standing figure holding draped book  AJ86/76
  • Little Barrington church, Glos; chamfer stops  09/37
  • Little Billing church, Northants; font  02/17
  • Little Compton, Warks; Deerhurst demesne lands
  • Domesday Book  96/18, 20; 98/17; 18/4
  • owned by St Denis  96/18; 18/4
  • post-Conquest and later ownership  11/2, 5, 10, 11
  • Little Malvern, Worcs
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16
  • Priory church; capitals  09/24–5, 37
  • Little Washbourne, Glos
  • in Beckford minster parish  97/8–9, 20, 23
  • in Bredon minster manor  90/9; 97/23
  • Domesday Book  97/23
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • in Overbury parish  97/22
  • Littleham, Devon; Edward the Confessor grants to Ordgar (S 998, 1042)  06/7–8
  • liturgy
  • and architecture  86/1–24
  • consecration services  86/10–13, Pl.III
  • external walkways  AJ86/100; MA53/35, 70, 74-5, 81–2, 82–5, 86
  • liturgical furnishings  86/18–21; 13/14
  • and nave aisles  09/46–7, 50
  • paintings in liturgical context  86/8–10; AJ86/97–101
  • porticus serving as vestries  86/12–13, Fig.4
  • processions  86/5–10; 89/3; 09/47, 50
  • Regularis Concordia; architectural implications  86/5–6, 13–18; 89/3; AJ86/97–8
  • Easter liturgy  86/15–18, 21
  • Palm Sunday and Ash Wednesday rituals  86/5–6
  • secreti oratorii loci, places for private devotions  AJ86/100
  • Romano-German Pontifical  99/5, 7
  • at Saint-Riquier, France  86/2–10
  • and upper-storey chambers  86/13-15; 89/3
  • see also altars; baptism (location)
  • Carolingian unification of Roman and Gallican  88/6; 07/21
  • Ealdred and reform  92/21; 99/6-7
  • Eucharistic  13/14-15
  • monastic daily timetable  88/9–10
  • see also music (liturgical)
  • Liðsmannaflokkr  16/7, 10
  • Liudhard, chaplain to Bertha, queen of Kent  88/4
  • Ljotr, pre-Conquest holder of Kemerton and Boddington  96/9–10, 19
  • Llandaff Cathedral, S Glamorgan; carving  09/24, 38, 58n157, 58n167
  • Llanthony Prima Priory, Monmouthshire
  • architecture and carving  09/37, 39, 58n167
  • cartulary  98/26
  • Llantwit Major, Glamorgan; church of St Illtyd, masonry and carving  09/38, 40, 40, 50
  • location of Deerhurst  89/1–2
  • Loe, Prebendary William; ‘Memoriale Ecclesiae Cathedralis Gloucestriae Compendiarum’  92/27–8, 30–1
  • London
  • Ælfheah’s remains translated to Canterbury  91/17; 12/11
  • under Alfred, Æthelred and Edward the Elder  19/1, 2, 5, 11-12, 15, 16
  • All Hallows by the Tower; inscribed cross-head, C10/11  99/9
  • Cnut’s campaign (1016)  16/5, 9, 10, 16, 17, 20–1, 23
  • St Paul’s
  • Ælfheah buried at  12/5
  • C11 painted grave marker  AJ88/143
  • St Stephen’s church, Coleman Street; Easter sepulchre  86/17
  • Temple Church; capitals  09/25
  • see also Westminster Abbey
  • Longdon, Worcs
  • Chambers Court  96/20
  • Deerhurst font recovered from church  02/16; 14/14–15
  • Domesday Book  96/7, 9, 20; 18/7, 11
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16–17
  • extent of medieval parish  97/2, 7–8, 13, 15
  • Odda’s lands  96/7, 9, 11, 20; 18/9, 10, 12, 14
  • Pershore Abbey’s lands  18/6, 16–17
  • Westminster Abbey’s lands  96/9; 18/7, 11, 16–17
  • lord, lordship (OE hlaford, hlaforddome)  19/1
  • hlaford/landhlaford (personal lord/landlord) distinction  96/9–10
  • Lorsch, Germany; abbey gatehouse  07/19–21, 19
  • Lorsch Gospels; ivory panels on cover  02/10; AJ86/78–9, 79, 80
  • Lower and Upper Lemington, Glos; berewicks split between Deerhurst and Tewkesbury  18/15
  • Lower Naunton, Glos
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • in Winchcombe minster parish  97/9
  • Lower Slaughter church, Glos; chamfer stops  09/37
  • Lulsley, Worcs; font stand, now at Alfrick  13/2, 3
  • Lydd church, Kent; nave aisles  09/46
  • Lyfing, bishop of Worcester; Odda witnesses documents  96/13; 18/14
  • Lypiatt cross  02/2
  • Lysons, Revd Samuel, and Deerhurst church
  • on painted plaster  AJ86/66-7, 102, 103
  • and restoration (1861-2)  AJ86/66-7
  • Maastricht, Netherlands; church of St Servatius, display of relics  00/15; MA53/83, 84
  • Mack, Katy; on continuity in witness-lists from Æthelred II to Cnut  06/3-5
  • Mackay, T F; on Deerhurst Angel  02/13
  • maeniana (Roman projecting walkways)  MA53/76, 86
  • Maffei, Scipione  MA53/76
  • Magazon, Hugh de, prior of Deerhurst  11/8, 9
  • Maidenhill, Sezincote, Glos; depopulated at Domesday  98/25
  • Mainz, Germany
  • cathedral; inscription on bronze doors (c. 1009)  99/7, 17, 18
  • tomb inscription (c. 1048)  99/18
  • Maisemore, Glos
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16
  • served by St Mary de Lode  97/10
  • Maldon, Battle of  12/5
  • Malmesbury Abbey, Wilts
  • Æthelstan and  92/8; 99/11
  • Aldhelm’s poem possibly referring to  07/26
  • Aldhelm’s shrine  99/10, 23
  • architecture and carving  09/24, 26, 48
  • Dunstan’s gifts to  99/10, 23
  • Gloucester new minster’s connection with  92/9
  • Mals/Malles, South Tyrol; church of Sankt Benedikt  AJ88/146, 146–7
  • Malvern, Worcs see Great Malvern Priory; Little Malvern
  • Malvern Chase, Worcs; late Saxon administration  97/7–8
  • Malvern Hills, Worcs
  • chapel associated with St Werstan  08/8–9
  • hermits  96/11; 08/3, 5, 6, 7–8, 10, 11, 22
  • see also Great Malvern Priory; Little Malvern
  • mancusus (coin); value  07/4
  • manor houses
  • churches in proximity to  98/27
  • Deerhurst
  • and Odda’s chapel  96/8; 18/5
  • as Westminster headquarters  18/3, 5
  • manuscript illustrations
  • angels  02/13–14; 14/32, 33, 34, 35
  • animal-head terminals  02/7; AJ88/145
  • Becket’s martyrdom  08/18
  • canon tables; architectural framing  AJ88/145, 147–8, 148
  • dedication of church  86/10, 13, Plate III
  • eight, resurrection symbolism of number  02/22
  • external walkways  MA53/35, 76–7, 78, 79, 80–1
  • faces of people  05/4-5
  • figures holding book in draped hand  14/10-11, 12, 33, 35; AJ86/76–80, 77–9
  • flying draperies  14/10-11, 12; AJ86/77, 77, 82
  • fonts, baptismal  14/25, 26
  • gaming board  05/8, 10
  • humour; bear drawn round worm hole  05/10, 11
  • plant scroll  02/20–1; 13/8, 9; AJ88/145, 147–8, 148
  • spiral ornament  02/20
  • stiff-leaf foliage  09/37
  • Virgin with Christ on shield  02/9
  • volute capitals  09/11
  • Winchester School style  02/20; AJ86/77–9, 77–8, 80, 83
  • wine press  05/7, 8
  • zoomorphic knotwork  02/20
  • manuscripts cited
  • Arenberg Gospels (New York, Morgan Library MS 869)  02/12
  • Æthelstan Psalter (London, BL MS Cotton Galba A. xviii)  14/11, 12; AJ86/80
  • Barberini Gospels (Vatican City, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana MS Barberini lat. 570)  02/20–1
  • Bede, Lives of St Cuthbert (Cambridge, Corpus Christi College MS 183)  AJ86/80
  • Benedictional of St Æthelwold (London, BL Add MS 49598)
  • illustration, f.118v  86/13; 00/8
  • scripts  99/6, 17
  • Book of Cerne (Cambridge, CUL MS Ll. 1. 10)
  • figural style  02/13, 14
  • figures holding draped book in left hand  14/33, 35; AJ86/76, 77
  • foliate scroll  02/20
  • prayers  02/14
  • Book of Hours, Use of Sarum (London, BL MS Harley 2900, f.56v)  08/18
  • Book of Kells (Dublin, TCD MS 58)
  • eight disks on resurrection cross  02/22
  • fictive architecture of canon table  AJ88/147–8, 148
  • Bury Psalter (Vatican City, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana MS Reg lat. 12)  AJ86/76–7
  • calendar (London, BL MS Cotton Julius A VI, ff.3-8v)  05/2, 4-5
  • Canterbury Gospels, or Royal Bible (London, BL MS Royal 1 E VI)  02/20; AJ88/145
  • Cassian, Collationes (Oxford, Bodleian MS Hatton 23)  08/20
  • Codex Aureus (Stockholm, National Library of Sweden MS A.135)  02/20; 14/48n5
  • Codex Bigotianus (Paris, BN MS lat. 3182)  02/7
  • Corbie Psalter (Amiens, Bibliothèque municipale MS 18)  14/32, 34
  • Corpus Irish Gospels (Oxford, Corpus Christi College MS 122, f.5v)  05/10
  • Drogo Sacramentary (Paris, BN MS lat. 9428)  14/25, 26
  • Ecmiadzin Gospels (Yerevan, Matenaderan MS 2374)  02/9
  • Egbert Pontifical (Paris, BN MS lat. 10575)  86/10–11, 13, 21
  • Exeter Book (Exeter, Cathedral Library MS 3501)  05/6–7, 9, 11, 12–13
  • Exeter noted missal (London, BL MS Add 62104)  88/2–3
  • Gregory of Caerwent, Chronicle (London, BL MS Cotton Vespasian A V, ff.195r-203v)  92/12&n31
  • Gregory the Great, Pastoral Care (Oxford, St John’s College MS 28, f. 2)  14/10–11, 12; AJ86/77, 77
  • Harley Prayerbook (London, BL MS Harley 7653)  02/13, 14
  • Iconografia Rateriana (Verona, Biblioteca Capitolare MS CXIV, ff.187v-188r)  MA53/76
  • Lanalet Pontifical (Rouen, Bibliothèque de la Ville de Rouen MS A27 f.2v)  86/10, Plate III
  • Las Huelgas Beatus (New York, Morgan Library M.429)  MA53/77n120
  • Leningrad Gospels (St Petersburg, Imperial Public Library Cod F v 1 8)  02/20
  • Liber Vitae of the New Minster, Winchester (London, BL Stowe MS 994 f.6)  99/11
  • ‘Memoriale Ecclesiae Cathedralis Gloucestriae Compendiarum’ (Oxford, Bodleian Library MS Wood B.1.(S.C.8572))  92/27–8, 30–1
  • New Minster, Winchester Charter of Edgar dated 966 (London, BL MS Cotton Vespasian A VIII, S 745)  86/9; 14/11, 12
  • Old English Illustrated Hexateuch (London, BL MS Cotton Claudius B IV)  05/7, 8; 09/11
  • Polychronicon (London, Lambeth Palace Library MS 112)
  • note about Olney  16/25
  • prophecy about Deerhurst  11/9
  • Royal Bible or Canterbury Gospels (London, BL MS Royal 1 E VI)  02/20; AJ88/145
  • Royal Prayerbook (London, BL MS Royal 2 A XX)  02/13, 14
  • St Dunstan’s Classbook (Oxford, Bodleian Library MS Auct F 4 32)  AJ86/77
  • Sherborne Missal (London, BL MS Add 59874)  08/22
  • Sherborne or Dunstan Pontifical (Paris, BN MS lat 943)  AJ86/78, 78
  • Syriac Bible (Paris, BN MS syr 341)  02/9
  • Tábara Beatus (Madrid, Archivo Histórico Nacional Cod. 1097B)  MA53/35, 77, 78, 79, 80–1, 82, 85, 86
  • Tewkesbury Abbey, history of (BL MS Cotton Cleopatra C III, f.210v)  99/3&n12
  • ‘Tiberius’ group  02/21
  • Tollemache Orosius (London, BL MS Add 47967)  05/10, 11
  • Vespasian Psalter (London, BL MS Cotton Vespasian A 1)  02/20
  • Vienna Genesis (Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek cod theol gr 31)  MA53/76
  • Westminster Abbey MS 36, nos.17–19  88/2–3
  • Winchester Tropers
  • Cambridge, CUL MS CCC 473  88/10–11
  • Oxford, Bodley MS 775  88/11
  • maps
  • Blaeu, G and J (1648)  16/26
  • Bowen, E and T Kitchin; Royal English Atlas (1762)  16/26
  • Doharty, John, of Deerhurst, c. 1738  16/18–19, 26
  • inclosure (1815), of Deerhurst  16/27
  • Ordnance Survey (1883), of Deerhurst  16/27
  • Marbella, Málaga, Spain; Basilica of Vega del Mar, baptistery  13/5, 6, 7
  • Margam Abbey, Neath Port Talbot; sculpture  09/38–9, 48
  • Margaret, queen of Scots and saint; ASC ‘D’ manuscript on  91/12, 15–16
  • Marinus, pope; and Schola Saxonum, Rome  07/6
  • Mark, St; relics at Reichenau-Mittelzell, Germany  MA53/84
  • Marseilles, France; dedication inscription (c. 1048)  99/18
  • marshes in Severn Vale  90/3, 4, 7–8
  • Marshfield, S Glos; Domesday Book  98/15
  • Marshfield, Gwent; sculpture in church  09/38, 58n157
  • Martin, Dorothy  14/19–20, 21
  • martyria; baptisteries co-located with  13/5
  • Mary, St  see Virgin Mary
  • Masham, N Yorks; cross-shaft  14/19, 20, 23
  • Massé, H J L J; on Deerhurst south porticus  09/12
  • Mathon, Worcs
  • Æthelred II gives to Leofwine (1014)  96/28n60; 18/9
  • Domesday Book  96/7–8, 10, 18
  • name means ‘gift, treasure’  18/9
  • Odda’s ownership  96/7, 11, 18; 18/9
  • Pershore Abbey’s ownership  96/11, 18; 18/6, 9, 16–17
  • Matilda, queen, wife of William I
  • coronation  92/2
  • foundations in Caen  98/15-16, 21; 99/14; 09/54n58
  • landholdings  97/11, 14; 98/6, 20
  • Matson, Glos
  • Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 4, 20, 25, 32–47
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16–17
  • served by St Mary de Lode  97/10
  • Matthew Paris; report that Richard, earl of Cornwall bought Deerhurst  11/2
  • Maubeuge, France; translation of relics of St Aldegund  MA53/84
  • Maundy Thursday liturgy  86/15
  • Maurice de Londres; tomb in Ewenny Priory  09/48–9
  • Maxims I (Old English poem)  05/12
  • Melbourne church, Derbyshire; nave aisles  09/46
  • Melbury Bubb church, Dorset; font  02/17
  • ‘Memoriale Ecclesiae Cathedralis Gloucestriae Compendiarum’ (tract of 1608 by Prebendary William Loe)  92/27–8, 30–1
  • Mercia
  • coinage
  • of Æthelred or Æthelflæd, in Chester  19/14, 17n14
  • Alfred and Ceolwulf II’s joint issues  19/7-8
  • in Alfred’s name  19/2, 11-12, 15
  • in Edward the Elder’s name  19/2
  • and Danes
  • C9 attacks  92/3, 5; 19/1, 7, 13, 14, 15
  • Ceolwulf II of the Mercians’ relations with  92/3; 19/7, 8
  • as Cnut’s kingdom in ASC C/E  16/3
  • earls imposed on Herefordshire, Gloucestershire and Worcestershire  18/13
  • Hwicce become subordinate to  19/9
  • laws  19/16
  • and Welsh  19/8, 10-11
  • and Wessex
  • battle of Kempsford over control of borderlands  19/6
  • Ecgbert of the West Saxons establishes overlordship  19/11
  • relations with Burgred and Ceolwulf II  19/7-8
  • origins of alliance with Æthelred  19/7-9
  • relations with Æthelred  92/3; 19/1, 2, 9-10, 11-12, 15
  • Edward the Elder assumes direct control  92/7; 19/1
  • witan  19/2
  • see also Ælfwynn; Æthelflæd; Æthelred, ealdorman, lord of the Mercians; Burgred; Ceolwulf II; Coenwulf; Offa
  • Mercian Register; and transition of rule from Æthelred to Æthelflaed  19/14, 23n132
  • Merewine, Odda’s thegn  96/7–8, 10, 18
  • metalwork
  • attachments to sculptures  02/2; AJ88/118, 129, 145
  • inscribed precious objects in churches  99/9–11, 12–13, 13-14
  • sculpture painted to resemble  AJ88/154
  • similarities to sculptures  AJ88/114, 145
  • Metz, France; Saint-Pierre-aux-Nonnains, chancel closure slab  AJ86/74, 75
  • Micklethwaite, J T
  • on Deerhurst stone panels  AJ86/104n6
  • on Saxo-Norman overlap  09/7
  • Mickleton church, Glos; sculpture  09/37, 59n174
  • Middleton church, N Yorks; reuse of sculptural elements  02/7
  • Milan, Italy; baptistery of S Tecla  02/21
  • Milborne Port, Somerset
  • church; crossing arches  09/6, 6, 7
  • Domesday Book  09/7
  • Minchinhampton, Glos; Domesday entry and Caen Abbey estate-survey  98/15–16, 21
  • ministri, in witness lists  06/2–11
  • Minster-in-Sheppey, Kent; minster church  91/2
  • minsters
  • baptismal rights  13/10, 11
  • in Deerhurst area; map  97/2
  • double  89/1; 92/1
  • landholdings  90/3; 97/1
  • and monastic rule  97/1
  • origins of systematic pastoral care; ‘minster hypothesis’  97/3–6, 20, 23
  • porticus  13/11
  • royal foundations  97/1
  • see also individual minsters
  • Minsterworth, Glos
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16
  • in Westbury-on-Severn minster parish  97/10
  • ‘The Minstrels’, Deerhurst; carved stones from priory  09/1, 18, 22
  • mints
  • Alfred’s control  19/2
  • Berkeley  98/28n10
  • Bristol  98/6
  • Gloucester  98/1; 19/2
  • London  19/2
  • Oxford  19/2
  • miracles of St Ælfheah  12/5, 11, 12
  • missals
  • Exeter noted (London, BL MS Add 62104)  88/2–3
  • Sherborne (London, BL MS Add 59874)  08/22
  • Mitcheldean; Old Red Sandstone  03/7
  • Moissac, France; dedication inscription (1063)  99/18
  • monasticism
  • daily liturgical timetable  88/9–10
  • at Deerhurst
  • in Anglo-Saxon period  89/2-3; 91/7–9; 97/3; 08/6; AJ86/97–8, 102
  • Benedictine presence  91/8-9; 99/6; 18/18–19; AJ86/97-8
  • and C10 reforms  89/3–4; 91/8-9; 97/3; 18/18-19
  • C11 replacement by secular clerks  97/3
  • in later middle ages  11/13
  • episcopate dominated by monks, late C10–11  12/2
  • foundation myths  08/1–18
  • lands lost in late Saxon period  92/16
  • lay control challenged, C9  91/6, 7
  • minsters and monastic rule  97/1
  • reforms
  • C8–9
  • Benedict of Aniane  88/6–7; 07/4
  • Wulfred’s attempts; challenge to lay control  91/6, 7
  • C10  88/7; 97/1–3
  • archbishops of Canterbury trained in reformed houses  12/2
  • and Deerhurst  89/3–4; 91/8–9; 97/3; 18/18-19
  • Dunstan’s role  88/7
  • endowments include appropriated minster estates  96/12–13
  • and Gloucester minsters  92/8–10, 14–15, 29; 97/1, 3
  • ritual prescribed by Regularis Concordia  89/3
  • scripts associated with  99/6
  • see also alien priories; Augustinian order; Benedictine order
  • Monkwearmouth, Tyne and Wear
  • monastery of Jarrow and
  • cantors taught by Abbot John of St Martin’s, Rome  88/5
  • monastic rule  97/1
  • St Peter’s church
  • dependency of Durham Cathedral after Conquest  91/27n48
  • saint’s figure over entrance  02/11
  • wall-painting fragments  AJ86/83; AJ88/143
  • Monmouth church; nave aisles  09/46
  • mons Huuicciorum (Cutsdean area)  90/9, 10
  • Mont Saint-Michel, Normandy; abbey church  09/54n58
  • Monte Cassino monastery, Italy; restoration (717)  88/5
  • Moore, John S; on north Gloucestershire in Domesday Book  98/1-43
  • Morcar, Danelaw thegn, executed 1015  06/14
  • Moreton in Marsh, Glos
  • Domesday Book  96/19; 97/15; 18/4, 15
  • owned by Westminster Abbey  96/18; 18/4
  • Moreton Valence church, Glos; north doorway  09/13, 16, 17–18
  • Mortain Casket  02/12–13
  • mortality, infant  05/12
  • mortar
  • Deerhurst church  MA53/38, 46-7, 49, 55
  • in blocked sockets  58, 60 61, 62, 63
  • Roman brick-tempered, in excavations to west of church  00/20
  • Mortimer, Richard; Deerhurst, Pershore and Westminster Abbey  18/1-28
  • Morwents End, Glos; Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 4, 32–47
  • Moss, Rachel; on chevron ornament  09/25
  • mother churches  97/3–6
  • Much Wenlock, Shrops
  • charter naming Æthelred and Æthelflaed as joint rulers  19/12
  • Priory; chevron voussoirs  09/25
  • Muñoz de Miguel, Maria; on Deerhurst Virgin figure  14/39-40; AJ88/114
  • Murrells End, Glos; Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 4, 32–47
  • music
  • liturgical  88/1–12
  • Carolingian unification of Roman and Gallican liturgies and music  88/6; 07/21
  • Exeter noted missal (London, BL MS Add 62104)  88/2–3
  • instrumental colour  88/11, 12
  • notation  88/10–11
  • organ in Winchester Old Minster  12/14n3
  • Regularis Concordia and  89/3
  • tropes and troping  88/11, 12
  • secular  05/3, 5, 8, 9, 12–13
  • Müstair, Graubünden, Switzerland; convent church of Sankt Johann  AJ88/144
  • Mythe, The, Twyning, Glos; Domesday Book  97/14; 98/2, 3, 4, 25, 38–43
  • myths  see foundation myths
  • Naight, The (former island near Deerhurst)  96/29n69; 16/2, 18–19, 24–9, 25
  • names, Anglo-Saxon personal  96/5–6
  • demise of Old English forenames  98/26–7
  • national identity, English; Wulfstan and post-Conquest  08/21
  • Natton, Glos; Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 4, 38–43
  • nave, Deerhurst church
  • basic rectangle  00/18, 19, 20, 21, 22
  • clerestory inserted  11/13; AJ86/99
  • cross-wall in line of present rood stairs, Anglo-Saxon  89/6; MA53/36, 37
  • late medieval reroofing  11/13
  • phasing  00/18
  • plan  00/19
  • side walls; triangular openings (OP34/35)  AJ86/74; MA53/39, 43, 45, 66
  • string-course, major  00/20, 21, 22; AJ86/98–9; MA53/38, 53
  • upper storey  86/14; 89/3; AJ86/98–9, 102; MA53/41, 43, 45, 66, 67
  • see also arcades (north nave, south nave); west wall of nave
  • naves
  • altars in  86/13, 18-21; 13/15
  • westward extension to accommodate fonts  13/11–13, 13, 14, 17
  • navy, Anglo-Saxon royal  18/10, 13
  • needlework
  • Cuthbert embroideries  02/20; AJ86/76, 80
  • inscriptions on early C10  99/11–12
  • Nether Wallop, Hants; church of St Mary, paintings  86/9; AJ86/82, 84; AJ88/144, 145
  • Netheravon, Wilts
  • church; arch of former crossing tower  09/7, 8
  • Domesday Book  09/8
  • Netheridge, Quedgeley, Glos; Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 4, 25, 32–47
  • Netherlands; displays of relics  MA53/83–4
  • Nevers Cathedral, France  09/7
  • New Minster, Winchester Charter of Edgar dated 966 (London, BL MS Cotton Vespasian A VIII, S 745)  86/9; 14/11, 12
  • Newent, Glos
  • cross-shaft, Adam and Eve  02/2; 03/26n29
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16
  • Newport, Monmouth; Cathedral of St Woolos, nave aisles  09/46
  • niches or aumbries
  • Beho, Belgium; St Peter’s church  MA53/73, 73, 75, 84–5
  • Deerhurst high-level chapel (OP40, OP41)  MA53/39, 43, 45, 46, 65, 84–5
  • Nicholas, prior of Worcester  91/11–12
  • Nigg, Easter Ross; cross-slab  02/22
  • Noah; in Old English Illustrated Hexateuch (London, BL MS Cotton Claudius B IV)  05/7, 8
  • Nogent-le-Rotrou, Eure-et-Loire, France; abbey church of St Denis  09/7
  • Normandy, Robert the Magnificent, duke of  09/54n58
  • Normanton on Soar church, Notts; position of high altar  86/19
  • Norse poetry  16/2, 5–16, 22–3
  • Knútsdrápa, Óttarr svarti  16/2, 6, 7–16, 22–3
  • North Elmham, Norfolk; censer  02/26n19; AJ88/114
  • Northampton; St Peter’s church
  • C12 tomb slab  09/17
  • nave aisles  09/46
  • Northmoor, Oxon; former Deerhurst estates  11/2, 10, 11
  • Northumbria, Danish rulers of
  • campaigns against Mercia and Wessex, early C9  19/13, 14, 15
  • support Æthelwold against Edward the Elder  19/13
  • Norton, Glos
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16–17
  • in St Oswald’s minster parish  97/9
  • Norwich Cathedral, Norfolk; cloister arcade  09/23
  • Notcliffe, Deerhurst, Glos; Arden Sandstone outcrop  03/5
  • Noyon Cathedral, France  09/37
  • numerology; significance of number eight  02/21–3
  • nuns; double minsters for monks and  89/1; 92/1
  • oaths
  • of Salisbury, 1086  98/8–9
  • sworn on relics  AJ86/106n91
  • Odda of Deerhurst  96/1–31; 06/1–19
  • and Æthelred II  96/5; 06/12–13; 18/14
  • also known as Æthelwine (John of Worcester)  96/5–6
  • ASC references  91/9; 96/2; 18/8
  • brother  see Ælfric, brother of Odda
  • career summary  96/1-2; 18/4–5
  • church patronage  96/10–14; 97/12; 18/5-6
  • see also Great Malvern Priory, Pershore Abbey, Tewkesbury Abbey below, and Odda’s Chapel
  • collaboration with Cnut  96/5; 06/11–15
  • death and burial  89/4; 91/9; 96/2, 5; 18/4, 8, 9, 18–19
  • Deerhurst church owned by  96/12–13; 18/5–6
  • Domesday records of estates  96/7; 18/9
  • and Ealdred, bishop of Worcester  91/9, 13, 16–17; 96/13; 16/1
  • Ealdred consecrates Deerhurst chapel  91/13, 16–17; 92/20; 96/13; 99/3, 15, 21, 43n74; 18/4
  • professed as monk by  91/9, 13; 96/2
  • earldoms
  • of Dorset, Somerset, Devon and Cornwall (1051–2)  96/1, 5; 06/7; 18/4
  • in west midlands, after Godwine’s reinstatement  96/2
  • and Edward the Confessor
  • Edward inherits lands  89/4; 96/3, 11; 06/9; 18/5, 21
  • possibly related  89/2; 96/1, 3, 16; 06/9; 18/4
  • estates  96/7–10, 18-19; 18/2, 4–5, 6, 8, 9–10, 14–15, 18, 21
  • Deerhurst church part of  96/12–13; 18/5–6
  • Deerhurst lands pass to Edward the Confessor and on to Westminster Abbey  89/4; 96/3, 7-10, 18-19; 08/20–1; 18/2, 4, 5, 21
  • Longdon  96/7, 9, 11, 20; 18/9, 10, 12, 14
  • and Pershore Abbey estates  96/11, 18, 20; 18/7–8, 9–10, 12
  • family connections  96/2–7, 16–17; 06/14
  • Ælfgar mæw  96/4–5
  • Ælfhere  96/3, 4; 18/2
  • Æthelweard, ealdorman of the Western Shires  96/3–6; 18/8
  • Beorhtric son of Ælfgar  06/14; 18/14, 15
  • Edward the Confessor  89/2; 96/1, 3, 16; 06/9; 18/4
  • hypothetical pedigree  96/16–17
  • and Godwine and family  96/1–2, 5; 06/7; 18/4, 11
  • and Great Malvern Priory  96/2, 11–12; 08/20–1
  • inscriptions
  • in lead coffin at Pershore, ‘cultor Dei’  96/2
  • see also Odda’s Chapel (inscriptions)
  • John of Worcester on  91/9; 96/2, 5-6; 18/8
  • life, known events of  96/1–2; 18/4-5
  • local society, place in  96/10–14
  • name suggests family interests in continent  96/7&n35
  • ‘Odda’s book’ in Worcester cathedral library  96/13–14
  • and Olney peace treaty; possible broker  06/15; 16/1–2
  • and Pershore Abbey
  • benefactor  96/2, 5, 10–11; 18/9–10
  • burial at  89/4; 91/9; 96/2, 5; 18/4, 8, 9, 18–19
  • and estates  96/11, 18, 20; 18/2, 7–8, 9–10, 12
  • prominence  91/17; 96/10; 06/12–13
  • and Tewkesbury Abbey  97/12; 08/9–10; 11/11
  • vow of virginity, alleged  96/11; 18/8
  • William of Malmesbury on  96/1, 3; 06/9
  • witnessing of charters and memoranda  06/3, 4, 5–7; 18/4
  • Devon shire court  96/14; 06/9
  • episcopal  96/1, 13
  • royal  96/1, 4–5; 06/3, 4, 5–7; 18/4, 14
  • and Worcester diocese  96/1, 13–14
  • see also Odda’s Chapel
  • Odda of Devon, ealdorman (fl. 878)  96/5–6, 7, 16
  • Odda’s Chapel, Deerhurst
  • and Ælfric’s memory  89/4; 96/2; 99/3, 5–6, 14; 06/7; 18/4
  • salience of name in inscription  99/5, 5–6, 29
  • at Domesday  98/18; 18/3
  • Ealdred consecrates  91/13, 16-17; 92/20; 96/13; 99/3, 21, 43n74; 18/4
  • as estate-church  96/8
  • fictive mortar joints  09/13
  • Holy Trinity dedication  96/2, 13; 99/3–5&n11
  • inscriptions  99/1, 2, 3–7, 4, 5, 21
  • dedication of altar  99/3,4, 18–19
  • dedication of chapel  99/1, 2, 3–7, 5, 21
  • centering of salient words, symmetries  99/5–6, 5, 29–33
  • errors of transcription  99/7&n26
  • lettering  99/2, 6–7, 17–19
  • significance of regia aula  89/4&n11; 96/29–30n74; 99/3–5
  • space-saving devices  99/6, 7, 18
  • wording  99/2, 3–6, 21
  • in manor house complex  96/8; 98/27; 18/3, 15–18
  • as regia aula  89/4&n11; 96/29–30n74; 99/3–5
  • Roman structures in area of  00/7, 19
  • stones now at ‘The Minstrels’ formerly displayed in  09/55n87
  • in Westminster estate  18/3
  • Oddo and Doddo, supposed founders of Tewkesbury Abbey  97/11–12; 08/9-10; 11/11
  • Offa, king of the Mercians
  • Æthelmund’s allegiance to  07/1; 19/4, 9
  • and Bardney shrine of St Oswald  92/6
  • and Beckford minster  97/8, 21
  • and Bredon minster  90/9; 97/8
  • Charlemagne’s letter mentioning woollen trade  90/11
  • nature of overlordship  19/9
  • and St Peter’s, Rome  07/4
  • and Schola Saxonum, Rome  07/5
  • at synod (786)  07/4
  • Offa’s Dyke  19/10
  • ‘Ola’s island’ (Olney)  06/1
  • Old English language; place-names as evidence on change to  90/2
  • Old English Royal Annals (Anglo-Saxon Chronicle); on Viking raids in time of Ælfheah  12/4–5; 16/5
  • Old Norse poetry  16/2, 5–16, 22–3
  • Knútsdrápa, Óttarr svarti  16/2, 6, 7–16, 22–3
  • Old Radnor church, Radnorshire; font stand  13/2, 3
  • Old Sodbury church, S Glos; capitals  09/59n169, 171
  • Oldbury (Aldeberie), Elkstone, Glos; Domesday Book  18/11
  • Olney by Deerhurst, Glos; meeting of Edmund Ironside and Cnut (1016) 16/1–34
  • division of kingdom  06/1
  • location
  • choice of Deerhurst  89/2; 06/1–2, 15
  • identified as The Naight  96/29n69; 16/2, 18–19, 24–9, 25
  • oath-swearing on relics  AJ86/106n91
  • Odda as possible broker  06/15; 16/1–2
  • possible original wording  16/3–4, 17
  • sources, English and Norse  16/1–34
  • ASC  90/2; 91/9; 16/1-5, 9-17, 20-2
  • John of Worcester  91/9; 16/27
  • Knútsdrápa  16/2, 6, 7–16, 22–3
  • open-field system  90/4
  • opus signinum; reused, in Deerhurst church  03/19
  • oral culture
  • and saints’ vitae  12/12–13
  • song and verse  05/3–6
  • ordeal, judicial  13/4
  • Ordgar, royal minister  96/14; 06/6, 7–9, 12
  • Ordnance Survey map of Deerhurst (1883)  16/27
  • Ordulf, father of Ordgar  06/12
  • Ordulf, son of Ordgar  96/14; 06/8, 9
  • organ, in Winchester Old Minster  12/14n3
  • organa (added parts in harmony)  88/11, 12
  • Oridge (or Harridge), Glos
  • Domesday Book  90/4, 6, 7; 96/19; 98/32–47
  • passes to Westminster Abbey  96/18
  • Oridge Street, Glos; Domesday manor  98/2, 3, 4
  • Orm son of Gamal; inscription at Kirkdale, N Yorks  96/13; 99/7–8, 13, 22, 24–5
  • Orosius, Tollemache (London, BL MS Add 47967)  05/10–11, 11
  • Orwell, George; on social structure  98/19
  • Osbern Fitzpons, and Great Malvern Priory  08/2, 3
  • Osbern Giffard (fl. 1086)  18/11
  • Osbern ‘Pentecost’ (fl. 1051)  18/11
  • Osbern, precentor of Canterbury
  • Translatio Sancti Ælfegi  12/11
  • Vita Sancti Ælfegi  91/7–9; 12/3–4, 13; 18/27n85; AJ86/97, 98
  • Osburh, queen of the West Saxons  19/7
  • Osgot, pre-1066 Gloucestershire land-owner  98/13
  • Osric, sub-king of the Hwicce, and Gloucester old minster  92/1, 2
  • Ostia, Italy; timber walkways and balconies  MA53/76
  • Oswald, St, king of the Northumbrians
  • gifts of wall hangings to English churches  14/48n4
  • relics in Gloucester  89/4; 92/6–7, 8, 10, 11; 97/9; 19/14,16; AJ86/102
  • Oswald, St, bishop of Worcester and archbishop of York
  • and Ælfhere  18/8
  • gifts of wall hangings to English churches  14/48n4
  • lack of evidence for connection with Deerhurst  91/8
  • land in Beckford parish  97/24
  • Lives
  • anonymous, on music at Synod of Winchester  88/1–2
  • Byrhtferth of Ramsey’s  91/8; 18/8
  • and reform of liturgy and music  88/9
  • Oswaldslow hundred, Worcs  96/28n58; 18/6, 7, 8–9, 16–17
  • Óttarr svarti; Knútsdrápa (‘Poem in Praise of Cnut’)  16/2, 6, 7–16, 22–3
  • Over, Glos
  • Æthelric bequeaths land to Gloucester old minster  92/2
  • Domesday Book  07/29n15
  • Overbury, Worcs
  • capitals in church  09/59n174
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • parochial chapel of Beckford minster  97/8, 22–4
  • Ovingham church, Northumberland; upper external doorway in tower  MA53/87–8
  • Oxenhall, Glos; Domesday Book  98/5, 7
  • Oxenton, Glos
  • Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 4, 25, 38–43
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • in landscape; map  90/8–9, 10, 12
  • in Tewkesbury estate, C11  18/3
  • Oxford
  • Æthelred, lord of the Mercians’ control  19/1, 2, 12, 16
  • succeeded by Edward the Elder  19/12, 15
  • All Souls College; medieval stained glass of Ælfheah/Alphege  08/22
  • St Michael at the Northgate; upper external doorways in tower  MA53/88
  • Ozleworth church, Glos; detached shafts  09/58n157
  • Paderborn, Germany; Charlemagne’s palace  AJ88/147
  • Page, R I; on quality of Anglo-Saxon life  05/1
  • Painswick, Glos
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16–17
  • quarries  03/3, 9
  • painted figure, Deerhurst church  14/4–13, 5–13; AJ86/66–109
  • art-historical context  14/10–11, 12; AJ86/74, 75–80, 75–9, 82–3, 83–4, 98
  • manuscript illustration  14/10, 11, 12, 33, 35; AJ86/76–80, 77–8, 82
  • sculpture and carving  AJ86/75–7, 75–6, 78–9, 79
  • wall-paintings  AJ86/82, 83–4
  • book in draped hand  14/33, 35; AJ86/70–2, 73, 75–80, 75–9
  • clothing  AJ86/70–2, 73, 77, 77, 82, 84, 102
  • composition  AJ86/74
  • date  18/18; AJ86/80–2, 102
  • description  AJ86/69–74
  • digital enhancement  14/7–9, 7–9
  • face  AJ86/70–2, 73
  • frame  AJ86/69, 70–2, 74, 98
  • identity  AJ86/80–2, 102
  • liturgical context  AJ86/97–101
  • measurements  AJ86/69
  • original appearance  14/4–13, 5–13; AJ86/82–3
  • paint in area below figure  AJ86/80, 81
  • painter’s errors, blobs of solid paint  AJ86/70–1, 73
  • photographs  AJ86/70–2
  • reconstruction  14/4–13, 5–13
  • red outline drawing  14/7–13, 7–11, 13; AJ86/82–3
  • and redecoration (1929)  AJ86/68, 104
  • setting-out lines  AJ86/69, 70–2
  • structural context  AJ86/84–97
  • UV examination  AJ86/67, 69
  • painting, Anglo-Saxon
  • art-historical context  89/6; AJ86/75–80, 75–9, 82–3, 83–4, 98
  • panel paintings  07/21, 25; 14/40–1, 45–6; AJ88/152–3, 154
  • sculpture and carving  AJ86/75–7, 75–6, 78–9, 79
  • wall-paintings  86/8–10, Plates I, II; AJ86/82, 83–4; AJ88/144, 145
  • see also manuscript illustration
  • and liturgy  86/8–10; AJ86/97–101
  • red outline drawings; preparatory drawings and finished works  AJ86/69, 82–3
  • Deerhurst figure  14/7–13, 7–11, 13; AJ86/82–3
  • setting-out lines  14/39, 40, 45; AJ86/69, 70–2, 73; AJ88/140, 141–2
  • Winchester School  02/20; AJ86/77–9, 77–8, 80, 83
  • see also painted figure; plaster (painted); panel paintings; polychrome decoration
  • palace, royal; Kingsholm, Gloucester
  • in Domesday Book  98/1, 4
  • and new minster  89/4; 92/5
  • pallium; archbishops’ journeys to Rome to receive  12/4, 12, 14n8
  • Palm Sunday liturgy, Saint-Riquier  86/5–6
  • Pamington, Glos
  • Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 4, 38–43
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • in Tewkesbury estate, C11  18/3
  • panel paintings, wooden; figures of Virgin  07/21, 25; 14/40–1, 45–6; AJ88/152–3, 154
  • panels, stone, Deerhurst church
  • on east wall of chancel  see painted figure; triangular-headed panels
  • restoration (1861-2)  AJ86/67–8; MA53/41n20, 43
  • UV examination  AJ86/67, 69, 99
  • on west wall of nave  AJ86/67-8, 98, 99
  • papacy
  • archbishops’ journeys to receive pallium  12/4, 12, 14n8
  • and Byzantine iconoclasm  07/25
  • concern for English church, C8  07/4
  • and Deerhurst priors  11/4, 8
  • Ealdred and  91/13, 15
  • epitaphs  99/29
  • of Hadrian I  99/18, 26, 30–3
  • kings of the Mercians and  07/4
  • oratories in St Peter’s
  • of Gregory III  07/9, 15, 18
  • of John VII  07/9, 10
  • of Paul I  07/9, 21
  • and Schola Saxonum  07/5-6
  • see also Gregory I; Gregory II; Gregory IV; Hadrian I; Leo III; Leo IV; Paschal I; Stephen II
  • Paris, France
  • relics displayed during siege (885–6)  MA53/88
  • see also St Denis, abbey of
  • parish churches
  • baptismal rights  13/11, 14, 17
  • Deerhurst and St Oswald survive Dissolution as  89/6
  • parish priests
  • Deerhurst’s secular, 1460s  11/10
  • right to present, to churches in alien houses’ patronage  11/3
  • parishes; origins of organization  90/12; 97/1–31
  • estate churches  96/13
  • minster hypothesis  97/3–6, 20, 33
  • Parliament
  • Act for the Dissolution of the Lesser Monasteries (1536)  11/12
  • forbids papal grant of of Deerhurst to alien cardinal (1380)  11/4
  • Leicester (1414)  11/7–8
  • Merciless (1388)  11/6
  • Parsons, David
  • on liturgy and architecture  86/1-24
  • petrological method  03/14
  • Paschal I, pope; and St Stephen Major, Rome  07/6, 13
  • pastimes  05/2, 8–9, 10
  • pastoral care, origins of; minster hypothesis  97/3–4, 5–6, 20
  • Patrington, N Humberside; Easter sepulchre  86/18
  • patronage
  • aristocratic, of church and monasteries  91/3–7
  • conspicuous gift-giving  99/14
  • and inscriptions, late Anglo-Saxon period  99/1–45
  • church foundations  99/1–9
  • emphasis on patron’s name  99/2-3, 5–6, 7–8, 13-14
  • royal, of Gloucester minsters  89/4, 5; 92/1, 2, 4, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12–13, 21–2, 26–7, 28-9
  • see also individual persons and institutions
  • Paul, St
  • on baptism as form of death and rebirth  13/5
  • on number eight  02/22
  • Paul I, pope; oratories in St Peter’s, Rome  07/9–19, 21
  • Paulinus of Nola, on relics  MA53/88
  • Paygrove, Glos; Domesday manor  98/2, 3, 4
  • peace, periods of  05/13
  • peasants, in Domesday Book
  • free men (radcnihts, radmen, ‘riding men’)  96/10; 98/18, 21, 22, 23–4
  • freedmen (coliberti)  98/24
  • size of landholdings  98/19, 22–3
  • slaves (servi)  98/18, 23–4, 26, 30n37
  • smallholders (bordarii)  98/18, 22, 23–4
  • villagers (villani)  98/18, 23–4, 30n37
  • penance; becomes a sacrament  13/16, 17
  • Pendock, Worcs
  • Arden Sandstone outcrop; church built of  03/5
  • in Beckford minster parish  97/8
  • Berrow originally in same land-unit  97/23
  • Domesday; divided between Overbury and Bredon  97/23
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16
  • Worcester cathedral acquires  97/23
  • Pennant Melangell church, Powys; off-set arch  09/12
  • Peopleton, Worcs; Domesday Book  18/6, 11
  • Pershore Abbey, Worcs  18/1–28
  • Ælfhere, ealdorman of the Mercians, and  96/3, 10; 18/2, 7–8, 8–9, 20
  • Ælfric, Odda’s brother, buried at  89/4; 91/9; 96/2; 18/9, 18–19
  • Æthelweard, ealdorman, as patron  96/5
  • chronicle  96/3; 18/7–8, 9
  • Domesday Book  18/10–14, 19, 20
  • Edgar’s charter confirming estates (972), S 786  18/1, 7
  • Edward the Confessor and lands  18/6–14
  • bestows part on Westminster Abbey  96/11; 06/9; 09/1, 2, 16; 18/6–7, 7–14, 19–20, 21
  • fire, possibly in 1002  96/10–11
  • Hakon, earl of Worcester’s possible predation  18/20–1
  • lands  97/8; 18/6–7, 16–17
  • timing and responsibility for division  18/7–14
  • Odda and
  • burial at  89/4; 91/9; 96/2, 5; 18/4, 8, 9, 18–19
  • and lands  96/11, 18, 20; 18/2, 7–8, 9–10, 12
  • patronage  96/2, 5, 10–11; 18/9–10
  • parish  97/2, 8, 13, 17; 18/9
  • reform, C10  97/1
  • water-holding shaft bases  09/46
  • Peter, St
  • early medieval linear pairs of churches of SS Mary and Peter  92/28
  • Gloucester new minster, original dedication  92/1
  • Gloucester old minster dedication  92/1
  • statues
  • Daglingworth church, C11/12  92/24, 25
  • possible, Gloucester old minster  92/23–5
  • Peter the Illyrian  99/24–5, 29
  • Peter Lombard  13/15
  • Peter of Poitiers  92/14
  • Peter de Torniaco, prior of Deerhurst  11/3–4
  • Peterborough Cathedral, Cambs
  • angel sculpture  02/12
  • Hedda Stone  AJ86/76
  • late medieval stained glass  08/19
  • relic of St Oswald  92/10
  • petrology, Deerhurst church  03/1–29; AJ86/85-92, 86-7, 89
  • building stone; types, sources, and use  03/2-12, 6-7, 11
  • and construction sequence  03/23–4; AJ86/85, 88, 91–2; AJ88/110–11
  • petrological drawings  03/12-23, 13, 16-18, 20-2
  • see also under aisles (north, south); apse; chancel; chancel arch; east end; fonts; porch and/or tower; porticus (under individual porticus); west door
  • Petronilla, St
  • Gloucester old minster, possible altar  92/2
  • St Peter’s, Rome, rotunda and portico  07/8
  • phases of construction of Deerhurst church, postulated
  • petrological evidence  03/23–4; AJ86/91-2; AJ88/110-11; MA53/38, 55-6
  • postulated phases
  • multiple (Rahtz)  00/15–23, 18, 21; 18/18; AJ88/110–11, 113; MA53/35, 38
  • Rahtz’s Period IV modified  03/23-4; AJ88/110-11, 113; MA53/38, 55-6
  • single, early C9, with features inserted in C10 (Hare)  18/18
  • Philip IV, king of France; war against England  11/2
  • Philip de Villette, abbot of St Denis  11/8
  • photogrammetry  00/3
  • Pilgrim Trust; funds research into sculptures  AJ88/110, 153, 154
  • pilgrimage
  • to Gloucester St Oswald  89/6
  • to Jerusalem; Ealdred (1058)  91/15
  • see also under Rome
  • Pinbury, Glos; Domesday and Caen Abbey estate-survey  98/16, 18, 21
  • Pinswell, Glos  90/14
  • Pippin III, king of the Franks  07/3
  • Pirton, Worcs; Domesday Book  18/11
  • piscinae  09/46–7, 47
  • Deerhurst church  09/47, 47
  • and positioning of high altars  86/18, 19, 20
  • Pius II, pope; and Deerhurst Priory  11/9
  • place-names
  • British elements  90/2, 4, 8
  • continuity  98/26
  • churches omitted from Domesday indicated by  98/18
  • Deerhurst  90/2
  • elements discussed:
  • Chase  90/7
  • Cōd  90/9
  • Corse  90/4
  • fēld  90/4, 6
  • haga  90/4–5, 7
  • hurst  90/2
  • ingas  97/4
  • lēah  90/4, 6, 12, 13, 14
  • Roel/Rawell  90/14
  • tūn  90/3–4, 6, 12
  • wald  90/9
  • walh  90/4
  • wīc  90/4, 6
  • London local place-names reflect Æthelred, lord of the Mercians’ rule  19/12, 16
  • major C5–6 land units indicated by  97/4
  • topographical  90–2
  • dairying or herding  90/4, 6
  • enclosure  90/4–5, 7
  • marshland  90/4, 7–8
  • royal forest passed into private ownership  90/7
  • sheep-rearing (Shipton)  90/14
  • woodland  90/2, 4, 6, 9, 12, 13, 14
  • plan of Deerhurst church  00/19; AJ88/115; MA53/37; for current plan, please click on ‘Show plan’ at top of screen
  • plaster
  • capitals made of  09/6, 6
  • painted
  • at Deerhurst  AJ86/66–7; AJ88/109, 115
  • known references  AJ86/102-3
  • removal in restoration (1861–2)  14/2; AJ86/66–7, 102–3; AJ88/109, 115
  • at Gloucester new minster  89/6; AJ86/82–3; AJ88/144–5, 159n45
  • Plegmund, archbishop of Canterbury, and restoration of London  19/12
  • ploughteams; Domesday ratio of demesne to  98/19, 21–2, 36, 42
  • Plummer, Charles
  • Evesham as origin of ASC ‘D’ manuscript  91/12
  • index to edition of ASC  91/14
  • Plunkett, Steven; on Deerhurst font  02/17, 18-19; 14/15
  • poetry
  • Old English  05/2, 3, 6, 8, 10-11, 12-13
  • inscription on Brussels reliquary cross related to The Dream of the Rood  99/12–13, 22–3
  • see also skaldic poetry
  • pointing and grouting, modern, at Deerhurst church  MA53/41n20, 43, 46
  • Polstead church, Suffolk; aisled nave  09/60n189
  • Poltimore, Devon
  • Domesday Book  96/7
  • font  13/2, 3
  • Odda may have held  96/7
  • polychrome decoration, Deerhurst church  02/2; 14/1–51; AJ88/109–64
  • Angel  14/30–8, 30–8
  • on arch springing from respond of pier S1  09/34
  • beast-heads  see individual instances under beast-heads
  • binding media  AJ88/129, 143, 144, 154
  • continental origins of practice  09/58n151
  • cross-arm fragment from apse excavation  02/2
  • cross-wall in nave  89/6
  • dating  AJ88/153–4
  • description  AJ88/130–42
  • discussion  AJ88/142–53
  • examination and analysis  AJ88/114–30, 155–7
  • fictive mortar joints  09/13–14, 14
  • gesso  02/2; AJ86/69, 99
  • loss in restoration (1861–2)  14/2; AJ86/66–7, 102–3; AJ88/109, 115
  • painted plaster  AJ86/66–7; AJ88/109, 115
  • known references  AJ86/102–3
  • pigments  AJ88/126, 128, 129, 143, 154
  • priming or ‘ground’ layers  AJ88/154
  • see also limewash
  • reconstruction  14/1–51
  • stone panels  AJ86/67, 98, 99
  • see also painted figure
  • technological context  AJ88/142–4
  • see also under chancel arch; Virgin Mary (Deerhurst figure)
  • polychrome masonry  03/10, 11, 12; 09/37–8
  • Polychronicon (London, Lambeth Palace Library MS 112)
  • note about Olney  16/25
  • prophecy about Deerhurst  11/9
  • Pompeii, Italy; timber walkways and balconies  MA53/76
  • ponds in church and Priory Farm area, unexplained  00/7–8
  • pontificals
  • Egbert (Paris, BN MS lat. 10575)  86/10–11, 13, 21
  • Lanalet (Rouen, Bibliothèque de la Ville de Rouen MS A27, f.2v)  86/10, Plate III
  • Romano-German  92/21
  • Sherborne or Dunstan (Paris, BN MS lat 943)  AJ86/78, 78
  • Poole, Russell; on Norse place-name Danaskógar  16/10
  • Pope, T S; on column re-used in Priory Farm  09/8, 11
  • popes  see papacy
  • population of north Gloucestershire, Domesday Book  98/19, 24–6, 36, 42
  • porch and/or tower, Deerhurst church  MA53/35–93
  • construction sequence  00/10–12, 15–16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 22
  • petrological evidence  03/22–3, 22; MA53/38
  • construction trench and builders’ levels  00/15
  • cross-wall  MA53/39, 40–1, 60, 64, 65
  • extension through second floor  MA53/43, 50, 52
  • openings through
  • ground-floor arch (OP2)  MA53/38, 39, 40-1, 56n56
  • see also Virgin Mary (Deerhurst figure) and under beast-heads
  • first-floor doorway (OP5)  MA53/39, 41
  • phasing  MA53/41
  • possible influence of St Peter’s, Rome  07/20, 21, 22
  • date  07/26
  • radiocarbon, of scaffolding poles  AJ88/113
  • early structures possibly abutting  MA53/68n79
  • east wall  see west wall of nave
  • eastern compartment  see west aisle below
  • height
  • original  00/17; MA53/66, 69–70
  • post-Conquest raising to present  00/21, 22; MA53/44, 46–7, 48–9, 52
  • levels in relation to west wall of nave  00/15–16, 17
  • north wall  MA53/39, 40, 44
  • blocked sockets  AJ86/99; MA53/44, 57, 60, 61–2, 63, 64–7
  • windows
  • first-floor (OP24)  MA53/39, 41, 44, 48–9, 52, 53, 66
  • second-floor (OP27)  AJ86/99; MA53/39, 41, 43, 44, 46, 52, 65, 66
  • petrology  03/22–3, 22; MA53/38
  • plan  00/19; MA53/38, 39, 40
  • possible influence of St Peter’s, Rome  07/20, 21, 22
  • pointing and grouting, modern  MA53/41n20, 43, 46
  • prokrossoi
  • ground-floor  00/12, 16; 02/1, 6, 7; 14/48n6; MA53/36, 40, 42, 56, 70n84
  • second-floor  00/12, 16, 22; 02/1; MA53/36, 42, 43&n25, 56
  • possible function  02/27n26; MA53/70n84, 81–2
  • putlog holes and timber contents  00/12; AJ88/113; MA53/44, 50, 54
  • and relic displays  00/15; AJ86/99–100; MA53/70&n84, 81–2, 84, 85, 87–8
  • render, original  MA53/54
  • restoration (1861-2)  MA53/41n20, 43, 46
  • and St Peter’s, Rome (oratory of St Mary Mediana)  07/19–27
  • south wall
  • blocked sockets  AJ86/99; MA53/48–9, 53, 57, 58–61, 60, 61-2, 63, 64–7
  • external face; recording  MA53/48–9, 52–4, 56
  • windows
  • first-floor (OP25)  MA53/39, 41, 44, 48–9, 52, 53, 66
  • second-floor (OP28)  AJ86/99; MA53/39, 41, 43–5, 48–9, 51, 52, 65, 66
  • spire, former  MA53/47
  • staircase  00/16; MA53/39, 51, 52, 63
  • staircase chamber  MA53/48–9, 51, 52, 58, 60, 63
  • late medieval window  00/16; MA53/36, 42, 51
  • west wall of nave visible from  MA53/53, 54, 55–6
  • string-course, great  MA53/48–9, 52–3, 53, 54, 55, 56, 66
  • timber superstructure, possible  MA53/70
  • walkway, external  AJ86/99–100
  • function  00/15; AJ86/99–100; MA53/70n84, 81–2, 84, 85, 87–8
  • reconstruction drawing  MA53/68, 68–70
  • sockets for beams  00/16; AJ86/99–100; MA53/35, 44, 48–9, 53, 53, 54, 57–64, 59-61
  • interpretation and reconstruction  MA53/64–70
  • west aisle  09/28, 29, 34
  • arch to nave (OP3)  MA53/39, 40, 45, 46
  • arches to N and S aisles  MA53/39, 40, 44
  • C12–13 creation  09/1, 27, 28, 29, 29; MA53/39, 40, 44
  • west wall  00/15, 16; MA53/39, 40, 42
  • exterior  MA53/42
  • high-level external doorway (OP8)  see second floor (western external doorway) below
  • petrology  03/22–3, 22; MA53/38
  • sockets for beams of walkway  AJ86/99; MA53/42, 57–8, 59, 60, 63, 64–7
  • square window, first-floor (OP23)  MA53/36, 39, 41, 42
  • see also west door
  • BY FLOOR LEVEL
  • ground floor
  • arch (OP2) through cross-wall  MA53/3839, 40-1, 56n56
  • see also Virgin Mary (Deerhurst figure) and under beast-heads
  • archway to nave (OP3)  MA53/39, 40, 45, 46
  • view through porch, looking east  07/22
  • see also west door
  • first floor
  • blocked openings (OP6/7)  MA53/39, 44, 48–9, 53, 53
  • doorways
  • through cross-wall (OP5)  MA53/39, 41
  • towards nave (OP4)  MA53/39, 41, 43, 45, 56, 66
  • relationship to west end of nave  00/17
  • removal  MA53/40–1, 51
  • structure  MA53/38, 39, 40–3
  • windows
  • in north and south walls (OP24, OP25)  MA53/39, 41, 44, 48–9, 52, 53, 66
  • square, in west wall (OP23)  MA53/36, 39, 41, 42
  • second floor, high-level chapel (now ringing chamber)  MA53/35, 43–6, 60
  • access  MA53/36, 39, 42, 48–9, 50–1
  • in construction sequence  00/21, 22; MA53/35, 55–6
  • cross-wall extended into  MA53/43, 50, 52
  • doorway to east (OP9)  AJ86/99; MA53/39, 45, 51, 67
  • doorway to south formed from former window (OP28)  AJ86/99; MA53/48–9, 51, 52
  • double triangular-headed opening in east wall  (OP9, OP29)  AJ86/74; MA53/39, 45, 45–6, 47, 50–1, 66, 67
  • dating  00/18, 22; 18/18; MA53/45, 46
  • formerly doorway towards nave  AJ86/99; MA53/39, 45, 51, 67
  • possible relic-cavity in pier  MA53/85n152
  • reuse of Roman masonry  03/9
  • slot for lewis (lifting device)  03/9
  • niches or aumbries (OP40, OP41)  MA53/39, 43, 45, 46, 65, 84–5
  • plan  MA53/39, 43
  • relationship to west end of nave  00/17
  • structure  00/21, 22; MA53/43–6
  • western external doorway (OP8)  00/15, 16; AJ86/99–100; MA53/36, 39, 42, 43, 50, 59, 64
  • beast heads  00/22; 02/1, 27n26; MA53/43&n25
  • in construction sequence  MA53/56
  • description  MA53/43
  • function  00/15; AJ86/99–100; MA53/70n84, 81–2, 84, 85, 87–8
  • interior view  MA53/59
  • prokrossos  00/12, 16, 22; 02/1; MA53/36, 42, 43&n25, 56
  • possible function  02/27n26; MA53/70n84, 81–2
  • reconstruction of walkway and roof over  MA53/68, 69–70
  • windows in N and S walls (OP27, OP28)  AJ86/99; MA53/39, 41, 43, 44, 45, 46, 48–9, 52, 65, 66
  • see also walkway, external above
  • third floor (clock chamber)  MA53/39, 47, 50, 52, 66
  • doorway towards nave (OP10)  MA53/39, 43, 45, 50, 56, 66, 69–70
  • original height  00/17; MA53/66, 69–70
  • relationship to west end of nave  00/17
  • fourth floor (belfry)  MA53/36, 47, 50
  • relationship to west end of nave  00/17
  • Romanesque sculpture reused in  09/1, 16–18, 17, 50
  • Porfyrius, Publilius Optatianus  99/32, 33
  • Porter, Arnold; on foundation to west of Deerhurst church  00/20
  • porticus, Deerhurst church
  • liturgical function  86/12–13, Fig.4
  • medieval modifications  09/1, 12–16, 13, 14, 15, 28–34, 50
  • north side
  • construction sequence  00/12–13, 13, 18, 20–21, 21, 22; 03/19, 20, 22, 23
  • plan  00/19
  • wall foundations  00/6, 12–13, 13, 18
  • north-east
  • petrology  03/17–18, 18, 19, 20, 23; AJ86/86, 87, 89, 90–1
  • phasing  00/18, 21, 22
  • plan  00/19
  • possible vestry  86/12–13, Fig.4
  • north choir
  • construction sequence  03/19, 20, 22, 23
  • exterior east wall face  00/4
  • petrology  03/17–18, 18, 20, 23
  • plan  00/19
  • quasi-transeptal function  86/12, Fig.4
  • upper storey  00/21, 22
  • opening towards chancel  86/14–15; 00/8, 9, 13; 03/19; 09/11
  • north vestibule  00/18, 21, 22
  • petrology  03/19, 20
  • phasing  00/18, 20, 21, 22
  • plan  00/19
  • north nave, further west  00/18, 21, 22
  • petrology  03/19, 21
  • possible original location of font  14/28
  • upper storey  03/27n51, 28n57
  • plan  00/19
  • south side
  • construction sequence  00/18, 20–21, 21, 22
  • fire damage and remodelling  09/14, 15, 16, 50
  • south-east (‘south-east chapel’)
  • arch from south choir porticus  09/1, 2–8, 3–5, 50
  • fire damage  09/2, 6, 14, 50
  • off-centre setting  09/2–3, 6, 12
  • possible date  09/16
  • Romanesque sculpture possibly from  09/17–18
  • base ST13 from area of  09/9, 10, 11
  • phasing  00/18, 21, 22
  • plan  00/19
  • possible vestry  86/12–13, Fig.4
  • Priory Farm column possibly from  09/11–12
  • south choir
  • arch to south aisle  09/12–14, 13-14, 16, 50; AJ86/103
  • arch to south-east porticus  see under south-east porticus above
  • doorway from chancel  09/1, 13, 15–16, 15, 50
  • external doorway  see south door
  • petrology  03/15–17, 17, 23; AJ86/86, 87, 88, 89, 89–90
  • phasing  00/18
  • plan  00/19
  • quasi-transeptal function  86/12, Fig.4
  • screen at entrance, possible  09/17–18
  • upper storey  00/21, 22
  • opening towards chancel  86/14–15; 00/8, 9; 03/19; 09/11
  • south nave, further to west  00/18, 21, 22
  • upper storey  03/27n51, 28n57
  • porticus in general
  • baptism in  13/4, 7, 7, 9-10, 16, 17
  • burials in  09/46; 13/10
  • feature of minsters, not local churches  13/11
  • liturgical function  86/12–13, Fig.4
  • Postlip, Glos; St James’s Church, chevron ornament  09/26
  • Potterne church, Wilts; font  02/17; 13/1, 3, 7, 10; 14/26, 27
  • pottery, Roman, at Deerhurst  00/19–20
  • Powick, Worcs
  • Domesday Book  18/11
  • landholdings, C11  08/7–8
  • pre-church phase, Deerhurst church  89/2; 00/18, 19–20
  • precinct, Deerhurst minster  89/2; 00/7-8; 18/15–18
  • prehistoric landscape of Deerhurst  00/1
  • Prescott, Glos
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • in Winchcombe minster parish  97/9
  • press, Anglo-Saxon wine-  05/7, 8, 9
  • Prestbury, Glos
  • Domesday Book  97/9; 98/2, 3, 4, 20, 32–47
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • Preston-by-Dymock church, Glos; fictive mortar joints  09/14
  • Preston on Stour, Warks
  • Æthelric’s will may refer to  07/2, 29n15
  • Domesday Book  96/18, 20; 97/15, 18; 98/17; 07/29n15; 18/4
  • in estate of St Denis  96/18; 97/15, 18; 11/2, 10; 18/4
  • later ownership, C15–16  11/10, 11
  • priests
  • burials in Deerhurst churchyard  00/14, 14–15
  • Domesday
  • absence of many from survey  98/18
  • wealth, number of ploughs  98/22
  • Priory Farm, Deerhurst, Glos
  • barn; effect of frost on Lias limestone  03/4
  • ponds in area of  00/7–8
  • reused column with volute capital  09/8–12, 9–10, 50
  • private devotions, Regularis Concordia on spaces for  AJ86/100
  • processions, liturgical  86/5–10; 89/3; 09/47, 50
  • prokrossoi, Deerhurst church  00/16, 18, 22; 02/1, 4, 5, 6, 7
  • carving  02/1, 3, 4, 7
  • dating  00/12; 02/4, 5, 7; MA53/56
  • significance  02/27n26; MA53/70n84, 81–2
  • over south doorway (OP14)  02/1; MA53/56, 70n84
  • over west doorway (OP1)  00/12, 16; 02/1, 6, 7; 14/48n6; MA53/36, 40, 42, 56, 70n84
  • over west external second-floor doorway (OP8)  00/12, 16, 22; 02/1; MA53/36, 42, 43&n25, 56
  • possible function  02/27n26; MA53/70n84, 81–2
  • Pucklechurch, S Glos
  • Domesday Book  98/5, 7, 18
  • king Edmund killed at (ASC ‘D’)  91/13
  • Pull Court, Bushley, Worcs  96/9, 20
  • putlog holes, Deerhurst church
  • chancel  00/10, 11, 11–12; AJ88/113
  • porch  AJ88/113; MA53/44, 50, 54
  • radiocarbon dating of timbers  00/12; 02/5, 12; AJ88/113
  • Putta, bishop of Rochester  88/5
  • Quedlinburg, Germany; tomb inscription of Queen Mathilda  99/44n84
  • Queen Charlton church, Somerset; capitals  09/59n174
  • Queenhill, Worcs
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16–17
  • in Ripple minster parish  97/8
  • quernstone, reused, at Deerhurst  03/15; AJ86/89
  • radcnihts (‘riding men’); Domesday Book  96/10; 98/18, 21, 22, 23–4
  • Radford, Ralegh
  • on de Londres tombs at Ewenny Priory  09/49
  • on quality of Anglo-Saxon life  05/1
  • radiocarbon dating; wooden scaffolding poles  00/12; 02/5, 12; AJ88/113
  • radmen (‘riding men’); Domesday Book  96/10; 98/18, 21, 22, 23–4
  • Rahtz, Philip; and Deerhurst church
  • on Angel  02/12
  • on arch to south-east chapel  09/2-3, 8
  • beast heads as Phase V  02/5; AJ88/111
  • on chancel arch  AJ86/95; AJ88/111
  • on column base ST13  09/9-11
  • on column re-used in Priory Farm  09/9
  • cross-arm discovered by  02/2
  • excavations with Lorna Watts, 1970s  00/1–25
  • method  00/3–7
  • stratigraphy  00/5–7, 18
  • to west of church  00/13–15, 14–15
  • see also under individual features
  • postulated phases of construction  00/15–23, 18, 21; 18/18; AJ88/110–11, 113; MA53/35, 38
  • radiocarbon dating  00/12; 02/5, 12; AJ88/113
  • on remodelling of nave  09/31
  • on stones at ‘The Minstrels’  09/18
  • on west porch walkway  AJ86/99
  • raiding
  • Danish, in legend of Werstan  08/22
  • Welsh, in Anglo-Saxon and Norman periods  98/6
  • Ralph, earl of east Midlands and Herefordshire  96/1–2, 22–3n19
  • Ralph of Cardiff; Domesday subtenant of Walton Cardiff  98/25, 39, 43
  • Ralph de Ermenovilla, prior of Deerhurst  11/4
  • Ramsey Abbey, Hunts; Cluniac influence  88/9
  • Ranig, earl of Herefordshire  18/13
  • rank, regard for  88/1–2
  • Raunds church, Northants
  • altar location  86/21
  • clergy bench  86/20
  • consecration  86/11–12
  • plan  86/11
  • rood  86/9, Pl.1
  • Ravenna, Italy; Orthodox Baptistery, stucco bas-relief  AJ86/74
  • Reading Abbey; cloister arcades  09/23, 25
  • reading aloud of inscriptions  99/1, 7, 14
  • Real Presence  13/14–15
  • rectangle, basic, Deerhurst church  00/18, 19, 20, 21, 22
  • Reculver minster, Kent
  • altar location  86/20, 21
  • clergy bench  86/20
  • cross-shaft  14/19
  • porticus  86/12, Fig.4
  • sources  91/2
  • redecoration of Deerhurst church (1929)  AJ86/68, 104
  • Redmarley d’Abitot, Glos
  • early parish affiliation unknown  97/10
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16
  • refectory, Deerhurst priory; presence in 1419  11/7
  • Regenbald (Reinbald) the priest, royal chancellor  96/20; 09/7; 18/10–11, 12
  • Regensburg, Bavaria; abbey of Sankt Emmeram  AJ88/147
  • Reginald of Durham  92/11
  • Regularis Concordia (customary drawn up at Synod of Winchester, c. 970)
  • architectural implications  86/5–6, 13–18; 89/3; AJ86/97–8
  • Easter liturgy  86/15–18, 21
  • Palm Sunday and Ash Wednesday rituals  86/5–6
  • secreti oratorii loci, places for private devotions  AJ86/100
  • on monastic daily timetable  88/9–10
  • Reichenau-Mittelzell, abbey of, Germany
  • church of St George  14/2
  • display of relics of St Mark  MA53/84
  • Reinbald  see Regenbald
  • relics
  • Æthelstan’s enthusiasm for cult  92/7
  • and consecration of churches  86/10, 11
  • deployed in case of military threat  MA53/88
  • displays
  • announcement of details of relics  MA53/82, 83
  • at Beho, Belgium  MA53/35, 74–5, 82
  • in France  MA53/82, 84, 88
  • in Germany  MA53/83–4
  • from high-level structures  00/15; AJ86/100; MA53/35, 70, 74–5, 82–5, 86, 87–8
  • at Deerhurst  00/15; AJ86/99–100; MA53/70&n84, 81–2, 84, 85, 87–8
  • in Netherlands  00/15; MA53/83–4
  • pre-C12 display in unopened reliquaries  MA53/83
  • at Tábara, Spain  MA53/82, 85, 86
  • oaths sworn on  AJ86/106n91
  • protection of towns and cities  MA53/88
  • translation, and authority  19/16
  • see also reliquaries and under Aldegund, St; Cross; Cuthbert, St; Gregory I; Exeter (Cathedral); Oswald, St, king of the Northumbrians; Vincent, St; Wendreth, St; Werburg, St
  • reliquaries
  • pre-C12 display of relics in unopened  MA53/83
  • Sion, Switzerland  AJ86/76
  • render, external; traces of original, on Deerhurst church porch  MA53/54
  • Renn, Derek; on high-level openings in churches and castles  MA53/88
  • renovation  see restoration of Deerhurst church
  • repairs to Deerhurst church (1950s-60s)  MA53/41n20
  • Repton church, Derbys
  • church layout, transeptal chapels  86/12
  • crypt  13/4, 16
  • narrative sources  91/2
  • porticus  86/12, Fig.4; 09/2
  • restoration of Deerhurst church (1861–2) by Collins and Cullis
  • drawings and notebook by Frances Strickland  00/8, 9; AJ86/103
  • east wall of chancel  03/14–15
  • herringbone work  03/8, 10, 14–15; AJ86/66, 88
  • limewash removed  AJ86/68, 69; AJ88/115, 118
  • Lysons’ unsuccessful appeal to Society of Antiquaries in 1861  AJ86/66–7
  • plaster and wall paintings removed  14/2; AJ86/66–7, 102–3; AJ88/109, 115
  • stone used  03/8, 10, 25n13; AJ86/88
  • see also under apse; chancel; chancel arch; panels, stone; porch and/or tower
  • resurrection; numerological association with number eight  02/21–3
  • reuse of building materials  see building stone (reused)
  • Rheims, France; church of S-Rémi, baptistery  13/6, 7
  • Rhodri, king of Gwynedd; death  19/8
  • Richard II, king of England  11/5, 6
  • Richard, earl of Cornwall; said to have bought Deerhurst  11/2
  • Richard Fitz Nigel; Course of the Exchequer  98/9
  • Richarius, St  86/4&n4
  • riddles  05/10–11
  • Exeter Book  05/6–7, 9, 11, 12–13
  • ‘riding men’ (radcnihts, radmen), Domesday Book  96/10; 98/18, 21, 22, 23–4
  • Rievaulx Abbey, N Yorks; columns and capitals  09/25, 56n92
  • ringing chamber, Deerhurst church see porch and/or tower (BY FLOOR LEVEL; second floor)
  • Ripple, Worcs
  • church architecture  09/38, 46, 59nn169, 171
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • extent of medieval parish  97/2, 8, 13
  • geology; Arden Sandstone outcrop  03/5
  • minster abandons monastic rule by late C9  97/1
  • Risborough, Bucks; meeting of Mercian witan under Æthelred  19/2&n9
  • roads
  • Anglo-Saxon routes across Cotswolds  90/10, 12, 13
  • network at time of Domesday Book  98/7
  • saltways  90/10, 12
  • robbing of buildings
  • for bonding  03/23
  • of Roman buildings  03/7–8, 8–9, 19, 24
  • Robert de Trembliaco, prior of Deerhurst  11/2
  • Robert fitz Hamon, lord of Tewkesbury  97/11
  • Robert fitzWymarc and son Swein  96/23n19
  • Robert Losinga or de Lotharingia, bishop of Hereford  98/9; 09/11–12
  • Robert the Magnificent, duke of Normandy  09/54n58
  • Robinson, David; on Margam Abbey  09/39
  • ‘Rodes’ (place in Winchcombe area); landholdings c. 1140  98/23
  • Rodwell, Warwick
  • on font at Wells  02/17, 23
  • on timbers in tower of St Peter, Barton-upon-Humber  MA53/65
  • Roel (formerly Rawell), Glos; name refers to roe-buck  90/14
  • Roger of Pont l’Évêque, archbishop of York  09/25, 38
  • Roger of Wendover; on Schola Saxonum, Rome  07/5
  • Roger, parson of Ludlow, tenant of Deerhurst (fl. 1383)  11/5
  • Roman period
  • at Deerhurst  00/19–20
  • activity on site of church  00/19–20
  • context of Deerhurst  00/1–2
  • Deerhurst as possible estate centre  89/2
  • Odda’s Chapel area; pottery and timber structures  00/7, 19
  • reuse of stone from Roman buildings near Deerhurst  03/9
  • wall foundation parallel to west end of church  00/13–15, 14–15, 20
  • western boundary ditch contains Roman material  00/7
  • timber walkways  MA53/35, 76, 86
  • Romano-German Pontifical  99/5, 7
  • Romans, Epistle to; on number eight  02/22
  • Rome
  • Anglo-Saxon involvement in church  07/3–4,8-9
  • archbishops’ journeys to receive pallium  12/4, 12, 14n8
  • chant; influence in Britain  88/3–5
  • inscriptions
  • epitaph for Hadrian I  99/18, 26, 30–3
  • layout  99/6
  • modern, from Leo IV’s fortifications  99/9
  • Sta Sabina C5 mosaic  99/24–5, 29
  • pilgrimage  07/1–32
  • Æthelric (c. 804)  07/1–32; 14/24; AJ88/153
  • and image of Virgin  07/21, 25; 14/40–1, 45–6; AJ88/153, 154
  • Anglo-Saxon gifts of silver-gilt bowls  07/8–9
  • facilities for pilgrims  07/4–7
  • panel paintings brought to England through  07/21, 25; 14/40–1, 45–6; AJ88/153, 154
  • visit to St Peter’s basilica  07/7–9
  • timber walkways and balconies in Empire  MA53/35, 76, 86
  • Trajan’s Column  MA53/76
  • water supply, aqueduct system  07/6–7
  • CHURCHES AND MONASTERIES
  • St Andrew’s monastery on the Coelian  88/3
  • S Francesco Romano; icon of Virgin and Child  14/50n56
  • Sta Maria ad martyres (the Pantheon); icon of Virgin and Child  14/50n56
  • Sta Maria Antiqua; clipeus-type Virgin  02/9; 07/21, 24; 14/42, 43, 50n56; AJ88/150–2, 151
  • Sta Maria Maggiore; icon of Virgin and Child  07/21; 14/50n56; AJ88/152-3
  • Sta Maria in Trastevere; icon of Virgin and Child  14/50n56
  • St Martin’s monastery  07/5–6
  • St Mary’s church at Schola Saxonum  07/5, 6
  • St Peregrinus’ hospice  07/6
  • St Peter’s basilica  07/7–9
  • Æthelwulf’s gifts to  14/48n4
  • Gregory IV’s restoration works  07/13, 15
  • Hadrian I’s epitaph, commissioned by Charlemagne  99/18, 26, 30–3
  • images of Virgin  07/9, 10, 18, 21; AJ88/152
  • oratories
  • of Gregory III  07/9, 15-18; AJ88/152
  • of John VII  07/9, 10
  • of Paul I  07/9-19, 21
  • of St Mary  07/8, 9
  • St Mary Mediana  07/9–19, 11, 12, 16–17
  • image of Virgin, C8  07/18, 21
  • influence on Deerhurst  07/19–27
  • pilgrims’ visit to  07/7–9
  • plan  07/7, 16–17
  • tomb, altar and relics of Gregory the Great  07/8, 9
  • Santi Quattro Coronati  07/14, 15
  • Sta Sabina
  • C5 mosaic foundation inscription  99/24–5, 29
  • clipeus-type figure of Virgin and child  14/41–2, 42
  • St Stephen Major, monastery of  07/6, 13
  • scholae (pilgrim hospices)  07/4–6
  • Schola Saxonum  07/5–6, 7
  • Romsey, Hants
  • attachments to sculpted angels  02/2
  • colour on Crucifixion slab  AJ88/159n39
  • roods  86/8–9
  • Deerhurst’s screen and stairs  89/6; AJ86/99
  • roof-line, Deerhurst church’s original  00/8; 00/17; MA53/66, 69–70
  • Rothbury, Northumberland; stone cross  02/12
  • routes, Anglo-Saxon
  • high Cotswolds south of Winchcombe  90/13
  • northern high Cotswolds  90/10, 12
  • royal annals, ASC as  12/4–5; 16/5
  • Royal Prayerbook (London, BL MS Royal 2 A XX)  02/13, 14
  • royalty
  • Æthelred, lord of the Mercians’ quasi-regal status  19/2-3, 15-16
  • ceremonial
  • acclamations (laudes regiae)  92/21–2; 99/6-7
  • crown-wearings  92/21–2, 26-7; 96/29–30n74
  • Ealdred’s role in development  92/21–2; 99/6-7
  • Gloucester old minster as centre for  92/29
  • Deerhurst as Anglo-Saxon royal estate  89/2; 18/20
  • church foundations  97/1; 19/6
  • divine ordination of kings  19/2
  • inscriptions on gifts to church  99/11–12
  • nature of overlordship  19/9-10
  • palace at Kingsholm, Gloucester
  • in Domesday Book  98/1, 4
  • and new minster  89/4; 92/5
  • patronage of Gloucester minsters  92/1, 2, 4, 7, 8, 11, 12–13, 21–2, 26–7, 28-9
  • see also individual royal figures
  • Rudford church, Glos; Highley sandstone  09/13
  • Rusafa, Syria; baptistery  13/5, 6
  • Russell, Sir John, of Strensham, tenant of Deerhurst (fl. 1389)  11/6
  • Ruthwell Cross
  • figure of Christ  02/12; AJ86/75
  • verses  99/12
  • Rye, Glos
  • Domesday Book  96/18, 19; 98/2, 3, 32–47
  • location  90/6
  • sacraments, theology of  13/14–16, 17
  • St Albans Abbey, Herts; polychrome decoration  09/58n151; AJ86/83; AJ88/159n45
  • St-Benoît-sur-Loire, France; C9 relic displays  MA53/82
  • St Bride’s-super-Ely church, Glamorgan
  • capital from Margam Abbey  09/38–9
  • detached shafts  09/58n157
  • St Catherine’s monastery, Sinai  depictions of Virgin  02/9; AJ88/150
  • St David’s Cathedral, Pembrokeshire; architecture and sculpture  09/38, 39, 42, 50
  • St Denis, abbey of, near Paris, France
  • acquisition of Deerhurst church and lands  89/6; 90/3; 91/18; 96/8, 9, 18; 97/3; 09/2; 18/1, 3
  • and church fabric  91/18; 09/2, 16
  • charter of William I confirms ownership  91/18; 09/1, 2, 16; 18/5
  • Domesday landholdings at Deerhurst  98/20, 32–3; 18/2–4, 3, 5
  • later medieval rights over Deerhurst Priory  89/6; 11/1–8, 9, 10, 11
  • Oxfordshire estates, administered by Deerhurst  11/2; 18/5, 19–20
  • Westminster Abbey’s spurious claim to Deerhurst if alienated from St Denis  11/4
  • woodland on estates held by abbey  90/5
  • St Dunstan’s Classbook (Oxford, Bodleian Library MS Auct F 4 32)  AJ86/77
  • St Gallen, Switzerland; plan of monastery, c. 820  86/15
  • St Margaret-at-Cliffe church, Kent; aisled nave  09/60n189
  • St Mary-le-Wigford church, Lincoln; inscription by Eirtig  99/8, 13
  • St Neot’s Priory, Cambs  11/7
  • St Ninian’s Isle, Shetland; chapes from treasure  02/7
  • Saint-Riquier abbey, France; liturgy and architecture  86/2–10
  • Saintbury church, Glos; incised lozenges on tympanum  09/14
  • saints
  • Lives
  • and oral tradition  12/12–13
  • vindictive tone in  05/9
  • Werstan’s absence from list  08/6–7
  • see also under Æthelwold, St; Cuthbert, St; Dunstan, St; Oswald, St, bishop of Worcester; Wulfstan, St
  • patron; Synod of Chelsea (816) on depicta, possibly meaning images of  02/11; 07/26; 14/39; AJ86/100; AJ88/153
  • Salisbury, Wilts
  • church of St Thomas of Canterbury  86/9
  • Oath of, 1086  98/8–9
  • Salm, counts of  MA53/75
  • salt
  • Alfred reserves tolls  19/2
  • Droitwich industry  18/7
  • saltways  90/10, 12
  • Saltmarsh, William, bishop of Llandaff  09/24
  • San Cebrián de Mazote, Spain; church  MA53/77n122
  • San Miguel de Escalada, Spain; church  MA53/77n122
  • San Vincenzo al Volturno abbey, Molise, Italy; frescoes in crypt of Sta Maria in Insula  02/9; 14/44–5, 44–5; AJ88/150, 151
  • Sandbach, Cheshire; attachments to sculptures  02/2
  • Sandhurst, Glos
  • Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 4, 32–47
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16
  • in parish of St Oswald’s minster, Gloucester  97/9
  • Willington Court Roman villa  03/24
  • Santiago de Peñalba, Spain
  • church  MA53/77n122
  • house balconies  MA53/80
  • Sapperton, Glos; Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 4, 38–43
  • Saqqara, Egypt; clipeus type images  02/9
  • sarcophagus, medieval stone, at Deerhurst church  00/14, 14–15
  • Sarnay, Philip de, prior of Deerhurst  11/3–4
  • scabbard-fitting from Thames  02/7
  • scaffolding poles, Anglo-Saxon; remains in wall of Deerhurst church  00/10-11, 11–12
  • radiocarbon dating  00/12; 02/5, 12; AJ88/113
  • Scandinavia
  • fonts  13/2
  • painted wooden sculpture  AJ88/143
  • scholae (pilgrim hospices), Rome  07/4–6
  • Schola Saxonum  07/5-6, 7
  • schools
  • at court of Æthelred and Æthelflæd  92/5
  • Gloucester, C12  92/6
  • Scott, Heather Gilderdale; Deerhurst, St Werstan, and monastic myth-making in late medieval England  08/1–28
  • screen, Deerhurst church  09/17–18
  • Screfleh (place in Domesday Book)
  • Æthelric bequeaths lands to Deerhurst  07/2
  • Domesday Book  07/29n15
  • sculpture, Deerhurst church  09/1–60; 14/1–51
  • architectural context and date  AJ88/110–14
  • C11–13  09/1–60
  • carved stones reused at Wightfield Manor, The Minstrels, and in churchyard wall  09/1, 18–27, 19–23
  • column with volute capital reused in Priory Farm  09/8–12, 9–10, 50
  • Romanesque fragment reused in west tower  09/1, 16–18, 17, 50
  • stone carved with stiff-leaf foliage  09/1, 48, 48
  • tomb slab with foliage decoration  09/1, 48–9, 49
  • see also arcades; capitals
  • cross-head fragment  00/12; 02/02; AJ88/113
  • dating  00/12; 02/23; AJ88/110–14, 153–4; MA53/38
  • detail, varying degree of carved  AJ88/109–10
  • funerary monuments  89/5; 09/1, 48–9, 49
  • manuscript illustrations possibly copied in  02/20–1; 13/8, 9; AJ88/145, 147–8, 148
  • metalwork, parallels in  AJ88/114, 145
  • numerology; significance of number eight  02/21–3
  • polychrome masonry  03/10, 11, 12; 09/37–8
  • training of sculptors, C12  09/40, 43
  • West Country School of Masons  09/37
  • see also Angel, Deerhurst; beast-heads; capitals; fonts (Deerhurst church); polychrome decoration; prokrossoi; Virgin Mary (Deerhurst figure)
  • seals
  • Ethilwald seal-die  02/26n19
  • imperial, of Justinian and Tiberius  02/9
  • secreti oratorii loci (spaces for private devotions), Regularis Concordia on  AJ86/100
  • secular colleges  97/18–19
  • Deerhurst as possible  91/9; 97/3; 18/18, 19; AJ86/98
  • Sedgeberrow, Worcs
  • Dodda cild tenant of church of Worcester, C11  96/14
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • sedilia, and positioning of altars  86/18, 19, 20
  • sepulchres, Easter  86/16–18, 19
  • serfdom  98/30n37, 31n46
  • Sergiopolis (R’safa), Syria; baptistery  13/5, 6
  • Serlo, abbot of Gloucester; builds Abbey church  92/23, 26
  • servi (slaves); Domesday Book  98/18, 23–4, 26, 30n37
  • servicia, land owing; Domesday Book  96/9&n50
  • setting-out lines on figures at Deerhurst
  • figure of Mary in porch  14/39, 40, 45; AJ88/140, 141–2
  • on stone panels  AJ86/69, 70–2, 73
  • settlement pattern of Deerhurst area  90/1–16
  • Sevenhampton, Glos
  • Cheltenham minster captures from minster parish of Withington  97/9
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • held by bishops of Hereford  97/9
  • Severn, river
  • flooding  00/7
  • geology of Vale  03/3–9
  • transport of building stone  03/10, 11, 12
  • Severn Stoke, Worcs
  • Domesday Book  97/8; 18/11
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16–17
  • Sewald, Thietmar’s informant  12/6
  • Sezincote, Glos; Maidenhill depopulated at Domesday  98/25
  • Shaftesbury, Dorset
  • abbey church  09/11, 25
  • building inscription of Alfred from defences  99/9
  • sheep-rearing  90/14
  • Shelford church, Notts; depiction of Virgin  02/10
  • Sherborne, Dorset; documents attested by Odda  96/1, 14; 06/9&n23; 18/14
  • Sherborne Missal (London, BL MS Add 59874); Ælfheah/Alphege illustrated in  08/22
  • Sherborne or Dunstan Pontifical (Paris, BN MS lat 943)  AJ86/78, 78
  • Sherston, battle of  06/12, 13–14
  • ship-building; decree of Æthelred II  18/13
  • ship-sokes  18/10, 13
  • Shipton, Glos
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • name indicates sheep country  90/14
  • shires, creation of  97/5
  • Shrawley, Worcs (possible identity of Screfleh)
  • Æthelric bequeaths lands to Deerhurst  07/2
  • Domesday Book  07/29n15
  • Shrewsbury, Shrops
  • Holy Cross as secular college  97/19
  • meeting of Mercian witan under Æthelred  19/2&n9
  • St Mary’s church
  • capitals  09/59n171, 59n174
  • collegiate status, nave aisles  09/46
  • shrines
  • at Deerhurst; possibly in chapel over apse  AJ86/100, 102; MA53/85
  • at Glastonbury; gifts of Brihtwold  99/10–11, 27
  • at Malmesbury, of St Aldhelm; Dunstan’s inscription  99/10
  • Shurdington, Glos
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • possibly in Cheltenham minster parish  97/9
  • Sibthorpe, Notts; Easter sepulchre  86/18
  • Sigeferth, thegn in Danelaw, executed 1015  06/14
  • Sigeric, archbishop of Canterbury
  • pilgrimage to Rome  07/4
  • trained in reformed Benedictine house  12/2
  • and Viking raids  12/5
  • Sigvatr Þórðarson  16/7, 8
  • Sims-Williams, Patrick
  • on Æthelric’s will on Westbury and Stoke  91/20-2
  • on seven archangels in French manuscript  02/14
  • Sinai, monastery of St Catherine; depictions of Virgin  02/9; AJ88/150
  • Sion, Switzerland; reliquary casket  AJ86/76
  • Skáldatal (Icelandic ‘List of Poets’)  16/7, 8
  • skaldic poetry, Old Norse  16/2, 5–16, 22–3
  • Knútsdrápa, Óttarr svarti  16/2, 6, 7–16, 22–3
  • slaves (servi), Domesday Book  98/18, 23–4, 26, 30n37
  • Slimbridge church, Glos; capitals  09/59n171
  • smallholders (bordarii), Domesday Book  98/18, 22, 23–4
  • Snooks, G D; on value of Domesday Book  98/15
  • social structure, Domesday  98/18, 23–4
  • Society of Antiquaries; engagement with Deerhurst  00/1; AJ86/66–7
  • Soignies, Belgium; church of Saint-Vincent  09/7
  • sokeland (tributary lands, libera terra)  96/9&n50, 27n54
  • Sompting church, Sussex; off-set arch from nave to tower  09/12
  • song in Anglo-Saxon life  05/3, 5, 8, 9, 12–13
  • sources on Anglo-Saxon Deerhurst  91/1–27
  • see also individual sources, particularly Æthelric, ealdorman (will); Anglo-Saxon Chronicle; John of Worcester; Osbern, precentor of Canterbury
  • Sousa (Apollonia), Libya; baptistery  13/5, 6
  • south door, Deerhurst church (OP14)
  • beast-head label-stops  02/1; AJ88/112
  • dating  02/27n26; AJ88/112; MA53/56
  • form  MA53/43
  • prokrossos  02/1; MA53/56, 70n84
  • South English Legendary, on Ælfheah/Alphege  08/22
  • South Kyme, Lincs  02/20
  • Southam, Glos
  • in Bishops Cleeve minster parish  97/6
  • church; north doorway  09/15
  • Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 4, 21, 38–43
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • Southrop church, Glos; incised lozenges on tympanum  09/14
  • Southwell Minster, Notts
  • Ealdred’s building works  92/20–1
  • place of baptism  13/10
  • Southwick, Glos; Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 4, 21, 38–43
  • Spain
  • baptisteries in chambers near altar  13/5, 6, 7
  • walkways  MA53/77, 78, 79, 80, 80–1
  • Speyer Cathedral, Germany  09/58n151
  • spire, Deerhurst church’s former  MA53/47
  • spolia  see building stone (reused)
  • squints, and positioning of high altars  86/19
  • Stafford, St Chad’s church; nave aisles  09/46
  • staircase, Deerhurst church porch  00/16; MA53/39, 51, 52, 63
  • staircase chamber  MA53/48–9, 51, 52, 58, 60, 63
  • late medieval window  00/16; MA53/36, 42, 51
  • west wall of nave visible from  MA53/53, 54, 55–6
  • Stamford, Lincs; St Leonard’s Priory, nave aisles  09/46
  • Stanley Pontlarge, Glos
  • Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 4, 23, 25, 38–43
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • name indicates woodland  90/12
  • in Winchcombe minster parish  97/9
  • Stanton, Glos
  • church; aumbry in north aisle  09/46
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • Stanway, Glos
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19 : 97/17
  • owned by Deerhurst and Tewkesbury  97/15, 18; 18/15
  • stature in Anglo-Saxon period  05/11–12
  • Staunton, near Newent, Glos
  • church of St James; building stone  03/7–8, 7, 8–9
  • early parish affiliation unknown  97/10
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16
  • tributary lands of Longdon manor in  96/9, 20
  • Stavelot, abbey of, Belgium  MA53/75
  • Staverton, Glos
  • in Cheltenham minster parish  97/9, 10
  • and Deerhurst
  • in minster parish  96/20; 97/3, 10
  • in estate, C11  90/6; 18/3, 4
  • in later medieval parish  97/10; 11/2
  • Domesday Book  96/18, 20; 98/2, 3, 4, 32–47
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • name indicates type of settlement  90/3–4
  • owned by Saint-Denis  96/8, 18, 20; 98/32–3; 11/2
  • steersman, Edward the Confessor’s (Thorkell)  18/10, 12, 13
  • Stenton, Sir Frank; on ASC ‘D’ manuscript  91/12-13, 15
  • Stephen II, pope
  • anoints Pippin III in France  07/3
  • patronage of churches in Rome  07/13, 21
  • Stephens, Revd A C, vicar of Deerhurst (1922-34); and wall-paintings  AJ86/103, 104
  • Steyning church, Sussex; nave aisles  09/46
  • Stiennon, Jacques; on bells of tower of Tábara  MA53/81
  • Stigand, archbishop of Canterbury; Gloucestershire estates  92/10–11; 98/20, 32
  • Stocker, David
  • on burials and bell-ringing  MA53/85
  • on reuse of Anglo-Saxon sculpture  02/7; 13/9
  • ‘Stoke’, in will of Æthelric  91/3, 4, 20–2; 19/4, 5
  • identified as Stoke Bishop  91/20; 19/18n29
  • Stoke Orchard, Glos
  • Beorhtric son of Ælfgar holds  97/7
  • in Bishops Cleeve minster parish  97/6, 7
  • Domesday Book  97/7; 98/2, 3, 4, 21, 25, 38–43
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • Stoke Priors, Worcs
  • Æthelmund holds land at Aston  18n26
  • and Æthelric’s will  91/20-2
  • Stoke-sub-Hamdon church, Somerset; capitals  09/59nn169, 170
  • stone  see building stone; geology; petrology
  • stone panels, Deerhurst church
  • on east wall of chancel  see painted figure; triangular-headed panels
  • restoration (1861-2)  AJ86/67–8; MA53/41n20, 43
  • on west wall of nave  AJ86/67-8, 98, 99
  • story-telling, in Life of St Dunstan  05/12
  • Stow in Lindsey, Lincs; St Mary’s church  09/8; 91/2, 27n48
  • Stow on the Wold, Glos; market established, C11  90/11
  • Stowell church, Glos; chamfer stops  09/37
  • stratigraphy, Deerhurst church  00/5–7, 18
  • Strensham, Worcs
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • probable move from Ripple parish to Pershore, C9  97/8
  • Strickland, Frances
  • on building stone of Deerhurst church  03/1
  • recovery of font from Longdon, Worcs  02/16; 14/14
  • ‘Remarks on Deerhurst Church mostly written in 1860’ (notebook)  AJ86/103
  • drawings  00/8, 9; AJ86/103
  • on painting on east wall of south aisle  AJ86/103
  • Strickland, Hugh; geological work, 150th anniversary of death  03/1
  • string-course, Deerhurst church
  • in chancel  00/10–11, 20, 22; AJ86/98–9, 101
  • as dating evidence  00/18, 20, 21, 22
  • in nave  00/20, 21, 22; AJ86/98–9; MA53/38, 53
  • in porch  MA53/48–9, 52–3, 53, 54, 55, 56, 66
  • profile  AJ86/74
  • Sture (unidentified place, possibly Preston on Stour)
  • Æthelric bequeaths lands to Deerhurst  07/2
  • Domesday Book  07/29n15
  • Subiaco (Lazio), Italy; Cave of the Shepherds, Sacro Speco; painting of Virgin  14/43, 44; AJ88/150
  • Sudeley, Glos
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • name indicates woodland  90/12
  • peasant landholdings c. 1140  98/23
  • in Winchcombe minster parish  97/9
  • sundials, inscribed
  • Aldbrough, E Yorks  99/8
  • Kirkdale, E Yorks  99/7–8, 22, 24–5
  • Sutherland, Diana; petrology method  03/14
  • Sutton under Brailes, Warks; Domesday Book  96/18, 19; 98/17, 32–47; 18/4
  • Sweyn ‘Forkbeard’, king of the Danes  06/1
  • Swindon, Cheltenham, Glos
  • Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 4, 20, 32–47
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • possibly in Cheltenham minster parish  97/9
  • Syde, Glos
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • south doorway of church  09/15
  • synods
  • Acleah (shortly after 804)  07/2
  • Chelsea (816)  02/11; 07/26; 13/18n3; 14/39; AJ86/100; AJ88/153
  • Clofesho (824)  07/1, 2; 19/4, 5
  • and Hadrian I’s promotion of church reform (786)  07/4
  • Winchester (c. 970)  88/1–2, 7, 9–10
  • see also  Regularis Concordia
  • Syria; baptisteries in chambers near altar  13/5, 6
  • Tábara, Spain; tower with external walkway illustrated in
    Tábara Beatus (Madrid, Archivo Histórico Nacional Cod. 1097B)  MA53/35,
    77, 78, 79, 80–1, 82, 85, 86
  • Taddington, Glos; manor of Tewkesbury Abbey  97/15, 18
  • Talbot Rice, David; on Deerhurst Virgin figure  AJ88/114
  • taxation; Cnut’s heregeld, ‘army tax’, of 1018  92/16
  • Taylor, A J; on remodelling of nave  09/31, 34
  • Taylor, Revd Charles Samuel
  • on ecclesiastical/secular division of Deerhurst  96/8
  • on extent of church lands in Gloucestershire  90/2
  • paper on ‘Deerhurst, Pershore and Westminster’ (1902)  18/2, 8, 9
  • on value of Domesday Book  98/15
  • on Westbury and Stoke  91/21
  • Taylor, Harold M
  • agility  00/8
  • ‘Complete List of Churches’  91/2&nn2-3
  • and Deerhurst church
  • on Angel  02/12
  • on arch to south-east chapel  09/2, 3
  • on ‘basic rectangle’  00/20
  • on chancel arch  AJ86/95
  • chips off Victorian plaster  00/8
  • on column base ST13  09/11
  • plan  86/Fig.4
  • on remodelling of nave  09/30-1
  • on soffit rolls  09/7, 8
  • on steps to doorway from clock chamber to nave  MA53/50
  • on triangular-headed panels  AJ86/84-5
  • on upper storeys  86/14-15; 00/22-3; AJ86/98
  • on walkway on porch  AJ86/99
  • and display of relics  00/15; MA53/70
  • list of Anglo-Saxon towers with upper external doorways  MA53/87
  • motivation  00/2-3
  • plans of Deerhurst, Escomb, Reculver and Repton churches  86/Fig.4
  • on Reculver church; position of altar  86/20
  • on St-Riquier, Picardy, and processions  86/7, 7
  • Taylor, Joan  00/2, 3
  • Taynton, Oxon; Deerhurst Priory estates
  • owned by St Denis  11/2, 5; 18/5, 19–20
  • pass to Tewkesbury Abbey by 1535  11/10
  • Teddington, Glos
  • Domesday Book  97/23
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • in episcopal manor of Bredon, parish of Beckford  97/8–9, 20, 23
  • Offa of the Mercians grants land to Bredon minster  90/9
  • in Overbury parish  97/22
  • teeth; Anglo-Saxon dental health  05/12
  • Temple Guiting, Glos; Domesday Book  98/5, 7
  • tesserae, Roman, in excavations west of Deerhurst church  00/20
  • Tettenhall or Wednesfeld, battle of  19/15
  • Tewkesbury, Glos
  • becomes borough under Queen Matilda  98/6
  • Deerhurst lordship possibly once united with  97/10–20; 18/14–15
  • Domesday Book  97/11; 98/1, 2, 3, 17, 20, 21, 38–43
  • berewicks  18/14-15
  • freedmen  98/24
  • Gloucester burgesses attached to  98/5, 7
  • king consolidates hold by 1086  98/20, 38–9
  • lands transferred from Deerhurst by 1086  97/14
  • population  98/6, 24, 25–6, 42
  • Hundred, pre-Conquest  18/16–17
  • lands acquired after Conquest  97/7, 14, 21
  • lords
  • Matilda  97/11; 98/6
  • William I  97/11; 98/20, 39
  • see also Æthelweard mæw; Ælfgar mæw; Beorhtric son of Ælfgar
  • Romano-British occupation  03/24
  • Tewkesbury Abbey (and preceding churches)
  • Æthelweard mæw and family as patrons  96/4-5, 12, 13; 97/11, 12
  • architectural sculpture
  • abaci  09/38
  • carved foliage  09/48, 50
  • detached shafts  09/58n157
  • main arcades  09/6
  • north-eastern chapel off north transept  09/50, 58n157
  • spandrels from same workshop of masons as Deerhurst  09/50
  • Benedictine abbey established by Robert fitz Hamon (1102)  97/11
  • Bushley becomes chapelry  97/14
  • and Cranborne Abbey  97/11, 12, 19–20; 11/11
  • and Deerhurst church  97/10–20; 18/14–15
  • Deerhurst as possible original mother church  97/10–20; 18/14–15
  • Deerhurst as subordinate cell (1467–1540)  97/20; 11/10–13
  • foundation myth invokes Deerhurst’s antiquity  11/11
  • masons from same workshop employed at both  09/50
  • Dissolution  11/10–11, 12
  • Domesday Book  97/11, 12–18
  • foundation myths  97/12; 08/9–10; 11/11
  • Founders’ Book  11/11
  • and Goldcliff Priory  11/10
  • landholdings  90/11; 97/11; 98/20; 18/3
  • Odda’s patronage  97/12; 08/9–10; 11/11
  • origins  97/11–12, 18–20; 11/11; AJ86/102
  • parish  97/10–20
  • origins and relationship with Deerhurst  97/10–20
  • Domesday extent  97/11, 12–18
  • gains Great Washbourne from Beckford (1177)  97/22
  • medieval  97/2, 7
  • C19 ecclesiastical  97/17
  • Valor Eccesiasticus on Deerhurst lands allocated to  11/10–11
  • Tewkesbury Chronicle
  • on Æthelweard mæw  96/5, 12; 06/11
  • on dedication inscription of Odda’s chapel  99/3; 11/11
  • on origins of Tewkesbury Abbey  97/19–20
  • textiles, Anglo-Saxon  14/2
  • Cuthbert embroideries  02/20; AJ86/76, 80
  • inscriptions on early C10  99/11–12
  • Thacker, Alan; on Ælfheah  12/1–15
  • ‘The Minstrels’, Deerhurst; carved stones from priory  09/1, 18, 22
  • thegns
  • disappearance after Conquest  98/20, 24
  • king’s, and lesser  96/8, 27n55
  • king’s, holding Westminster lands by 1086  18/11–12
  • of Odda, holding Mathon  96/7–8
  • Theocus, hermit, in Tewkesbury Abbey foundation myths  08/10; 11/11
  • theology, C12 development of new sacramental  13/14–16, 17
  • Theophanu, abbess of Essen; inscriptions associated with  99/7
  • Thetford church, Norfolk; font soakaway  13/11
  • Thietmar, bishop of Merseburg and chronicler  12/6, 13–14
  • thistles, in Cutsdean/Broadway boundary clause  90/11
  • Thomas I, archbishop of York; Gloucestershire estates  92/11; 98/20, 33
  • Thomas de Bradston, lessee of Deerhurst Priory, 1344-45  11/3, 4
  • Thompson, A Hamilton; on insignificance of St Oswald’s Priory, Gloucester  92/11
  • Thorkell the Tall, Viking leader  12/6
  • Thorkell, King Edward’s steersman  8/10, 12, 13
  • thorn, letter; graffito at Deerhurst  MA53/50n35
  • Thornbury, S Glos; market in Domesday Book  98/6
  • Throckmorton, George, of Deerhurst Priory (d.1548)  11/12
  • Throckmorton, Thomas, of Deerhurst Priory (fl. 1591)  16/26
  • Thrum, supposed killer of Ælfheah  12/6, 11, 13
  • Thurlby, Malcolm; on architecture and sculpture of Deerhurst Priory, C11-13  09/1–60
  • Tibblestone hundred, Glos; Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 17, 38–43
  • Tidenham, Glos; pre-Conquest survey  96/26n47, 27n55
  • tile, Roman ceramic
  • at Deerhurst, in excavations to west of church  00/20
  • at Staunton, reused in building  03/8
  • timber structures at Deerhurst
  • Roman, in area of Odda’s Chapel  00/19
  • postulated early Anglo-Saxon timber phase of church  00/20, 21, 21
  • conversion to stone  00/8–10, 18, 20; 13/14–15; AJ86/84
  • Tintagel, Cornwall; early medieval font  02/16–17; 13/2, 3; 14/26, 27
  • Tirley, Glos
  • Deerhurst estates  90/6; 11/2, 5; 18/3, 4
  • in Deerhurst parish  97/3, 10
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16–17
  • name indicates edge of woodland environment  90/4
  • St Michael’s Church; types of stone used for window  03/10
  • tithes; disputes between minsters and estate-churches  96/13
  • Toddington, Glos
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • peasant landholdings c. 1140  98/23
  • possibly in Winchcombe minster parish  97/9
  • Todenham, John, prior of Deerhurst  11/6
  • Todenham, Glos
  • Æthelric bequeaths land to Deerhurst (804)  97/15; 07/2; 18/15, 18
  • Domesday; owned by Westminster Abbey  96/18, 19; 98/32–47; 07/29n15; 18/4
  • Tollemache Orosius (London, BL MS Add 47967)  05/10–11, 11
  • Tolsey, at Gloucester Cross  02/26n18
  • tomb slabs, Deerhurst church
  • coffin lid in N aisle of choir, carved with foliage  09/1, 48–9, 49
  • Romanesque sculpture reused in belfry as possible  09/16–17
  • tooling marks, Deerhurst church
  • axe marks, Norman diagonal
  • in south aisle  09/13, 15, 15, 47, 47
  • on stone panels  AJ86/69, 73
  • on chancel arch  AJ88/126, 127
  • tools, Anglo-Saxon  05/7
  • Torniaco, Peter de, prior of Deerhurst  11/3–4
  • Tours, France; relics displayed during siege (903)  MA53/88
  • Towbury Hill, Glos  03/1
  • tower, Deerhurst church  see porch and/or tower
  • Townend, Matthew; 1016 in English and Norse sources  16/1-34
  • towns
  • Domesday  98/1-6, 18
  • life in Anglo-Saxon  89/1–2; 98/6, 7
  • Trajan’s Column, Rome  MA53/76
  • transport
  • Anglo-Saxon routes across Cotswolds  90/10, 12, 13
  • naval shipping  18/10, 13
  • river, of building stone  03/10, 11, 12
  • road network at time of Domesday Book  98/7
  • saltways  90/10, 12
  • transubstantiation  13/14–15
  • treasure
  • display on feast days  MA53/70, 83
  • Gloucester St Oswald, Anglo-Saxon gold  89/6
  • St Ninian’s Isle, Shetland; chapes  02/7
  • see also hoards
  • treaty between Edmund Ironside and Cnut  see Olney by Deerhurst
  • Tredington, Glos
  • Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 4, 38–43
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • in Tewkesbury estate, C11  18/3
  • Trewhiddle, Cornwall; hoard  02/20
  • triangular-headed openings, Deerhurst church  AJ86/74
  • doorway between chancel and north aisle (OP20)  AJ86/74
  • double, in west wall of nave (OP9, OP29)  AJ86/74; MA53/39, 45, 45–6, 47, 50–1, 66, 67
  • dating  00/18, 22; 18/18; MA53/45, 46
  • formerly doorway towards nave (OP9)  AJ86/99; MA53/39, 45, 51, 67
  • possible relic-cavity in pier  MA53/85n152
  • reuse of Roman masonry  03/9; AJ86/92
  • slot for lewis (lifting device)  03/9
  • single, in south and north walls of nave (OP34, 35)  AJ86/74; MA53/43, 45
  • single, in west wall of nave (OP26)  AJ86/74; MA53/39, 43, 45, 66
  • triangular-headed panels in east wall, Deerhurst church  AJ86/66–109
  • axe marks  AJ86/69, 73
  • as blocking former opening to chamber over apse  14/4, 5; AJ86/66, 69, 94, 100, 102
  • dating  MA53/46
  • limewash  AJ86/68, 69
  • northern  AJ86/66–109
  • measurements  AJ86/69
  • see also painted figure
  • restoration (1861–2)  AJ86/67–8; MA53/41n20, 43
  • southern
  • description  AJ86/73–4
  • probably originally painted  AJ86/67, 81, 98, 102
  • setting-out lines  AJ86/73
  • stone type  AJ86/69
  • structural context  AJ86/66–8, 84–97
  • UV examination  AJ86/67, 69
  • tributary land, sokeland  96/9&n50, 27n54
  • Trier, Germany
  • basilica; wooden walkways  MA53/76
  • Egbert’s inscription on shrine  99/29
  • Trinity; Odda’s dedications at Deerhurst  96/2, 13; 99/3-5&n11
  • tropes and troping, musical  88/11, 12
  • Tuffley, Glos
  • Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 4, 32–47
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16
  • served by St Mary de Lode  97/10
  • tūn place-names  90/3–4, 6, 12
  • Tutbury church, Staffs; nave aisles  09/46
  • Tweddle, Dominic
  • on Colerne school carvings  02/20
  • on Coppergate helmet  02/7, 20
  • on Langford church  09/7
  • Twyning, Glos
  • Domesday Book  97/14; 98/2, 3, 4, 17, 20, 25, 38–43
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • name means ‘land between the rivers’  97/8
  • probably in estate of Ripple minster, C8/9  97/8
  • Uckington, Glos
  • in Deerhurst minster parish  97/3, 6–7, 10
  • transferred from Bishops Cleeve, C10/11  97/6–7, 10
  • in Deerhurst minster/priory estate  90/6; 96/20; 11/2, 5; 18/3, 4
  • Domesday Book  96/20; 98/2, 3, 4, 32–47
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • name indicates type of settlement  90/3–4
  • passes to Saint-Denis  96/18
  • Ugonio, Pompeio  07/15
  • Uhtred of Bamburgh, earl of Northumbria; relation to Edward the Confessor  96/23n19
  • Uhtred, owner of Overbury (fl. 757)  97/22
  • ultra-violet light examinations, Deerhurst church
  • rectangular panel on west wall  AJ86/99
  • triangular-headed panels on east wall  AJ86/67, 69
  • Up Hatherley, Glos
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • possibly in Cheltenham minster parish  97/9
  • Upleadon, Herefs
  • church; ornament  09/14, 26
  • Domesday Book  96/2–3, 7
  • Upper Lemington, Glos
  • berewick of Deerhurst  18/15
  • passes to Westminster Abbey  96/18
  • upper storeys, Deerhurst church
  • apse  14/4, 5; AJ86/94, 96, 98–100, 102
  • possible shrine or reliquary  AJ86/100, 102; MA53/85
  • triangular-headed panels as blocking former openings to  14/4, 5; AJ86/66, 69, 94, 100, 102
  • chancel  14/4, 5, 6; AJ86/94, 96, 98–100, 102
  • see also triangular-headed panels
  • great string-course as external marker  MA53/53
  • liturgical role, potential  86/13–15; 89/3
  • nave  86/14; 89/3; AJ86/98–9, 102; MA53/41, 43, 45, 66, 67
  • phasing  AJ86/102; MA53/35, 55–6
  • porticus, north and south
  • choir  00/21, 22
  • openings towards chancel  86/14–15; 00/8, 9, 13; 03/19; 09/11
  • nave  03/27n51, 28n57
  • see also porch and/or tower (BY FLOOR LEVEL; second floor)
  • Upton St Leonards, Glos
  • Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 4, 21, 25, 32–47
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16–17
  • served by St Mary de Lode  97/10
  • Upton-upon-Severn, Glos
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16–17
  • in Ripple minster parish  97/8
  • Urban VI, pope; Parliament forbids grant of priorate of Deerhurst to alien cardinal, 1380  11/4
  • urns, possible Roman cinerary, found under Deerhurst church  00/19–20
  • Urse d’Abitot, sheriff of Worcester (fl. 1086)  08/7–8; 18/11
  • UV see ultra-violet light examinations
  • Vaghan, Hugh, clerk, tenant of Deerhurst (fl. 1383)  11/5
  • vallum monasterii, Deerhurst (precinct)  89/12; 00/7-8; 18/15-18
  • Valor Ecclesiasticus of Henry VIII, on Deerhurst lands allocated to Tewkesbury Abbey  11/10–11
  • vases, possible Roman, found under Deerhurst church  00/19–20
  • Venantius Fortunatus; carmen cancellatum  99/45n89
  • Venice, Italy; Santa Mater Maria Domini, Virgin Platytera  02/9
  • Verey, David; on remodelling of Deerhurst nave  09/31
  • Verona, Italy; representation in Iconografia Rateriana  MA53/76
  • Vespasian Psalter (London, BL MS Cotton Vespasian A 1)  02/20
  • vestments, Anglo-Saxon; Cuthbert embroideries  02/20; AJ86/76, 80
  • vestries, Deerhurst church  86/12–13, Fig.4
  • Vienna Genesis (Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek cod theol gr 31)  MA53/76
  • Vienne, France; dedication inscription  99/18
  • Vikings  see Danes
  • villani (‘villagers’); Domesday Book  98/18, 23–4, 30n37
  • villas, Roman
  • continuity with royal vills  89/2
  • Coombe Hill  03/24
  • in Hawling woodland  90/14
  • Sandhurst, Willington Court  03/24
  • villeinage  98/30n37
  • vills, royal  89/2
  • Vincent, St, relics of
  • at Abingdon  99/11, 13, 27
  • at Zaragoza, Spain  MA53/88
  • Virgin Mary
  • Deerhurst figure, in church porch  02/7–11, 8; 07/21–7, 22–4; AJ88/150–3, 152
  • art-historical context  02/7-11; 07/21–7, 22–4; AJ88/150–3, 152
  • clipeus-type figures  02/9–10; 07/21, 23–4, 25; 14/39–46, 39–47; AJ88/150–2, 151
  • panel painting from Rome as possible model  07/21, 25; 14/40–1, 45–6; AJ88/152–3, 154
  • carving  02/7, 9; AJ88/110
  • dating  00/18; 02/10; AJ88/112–13, 114; MA53/41n21
  • description and location  02/7–11, 8; AJ88/112–13, 113
  • original location  02/7; MA53/40, 41n21
  • function; focus of devotion, and protection  AJ88/153
  • iconography  07/21–27, 22–4; AJ88/150–3, 152
  • polychrome decoration  14/39–48, 39–41, 45–7; AJ88/110, 113, 139–42, 140–1, 154
  • description of carved and painted scheme  AJ88/139–42, 140–1
  • panel painting from Rome as possible model  07/21, 25; 14/40–1, 45–6; AJ88/152–3, 154
  • reconstruction  14/39–48, 39–41, 45–7
  • sampling and analysis  AJ88/130, 131, 157
  • setting-out lines and surviving paint  14/39, 40, 45; AJ88/140, 141–2
  • stepped imposts  AJ86/74
  • early medieval linear pairs of churches of SS Mary and Peter  92/28
  • iconographic types
  • Mother of God Platytera, ‘Broader than the Heavens’  07/25; AJ88/151
  • Portal of Heaven  07/26; 14/39
  • Queen of Heaven  07/9
  • images in Italy
  • Sta Maria Antiqua, Rome  02/9; 07/21, 24; 14/42, 43, 50n56; AJ88/150–2, 151
  • Sta Sabina, Rome  14/41–2, 42
  • St Peter’s, Rome  07/9, 10, 18, 21; AJ88/152
  • San Vincenzo al Volturno abbey, Molise, in crypt of Sta Maria in Insula  02/9; 14/44–5, 44–5; AJ88/150, 151
  • Subiaco (Lazio), Cave of the Shepherds, Sacro Speco  14/43, 44; AJ88/150
  • postulated sculpture on Deerhurst church apse  MA53/38n8
  • virginity, Odda’s alleged vow of  96/11; 18/8
  • Vitaesee saints (Lives)
  • Voltaire (François Marie Arouet); inscription on chapel on estate  99/1–2
  • Wadborough, Worcs; Domesday Book  18/6, 11
  • Wærferth, bishop of Worcester
  • Alfred brings to Wessex to renew learning  92/5
  • and development of Worcester and London  19/12, 16
  • documents relating to landholdings  97/6, 23
  • relations with Æthelred and Æthelflæd  92/6; 19/5, 12, 15
  • Waha, Belgium; church of St Stephen  99/18; MA53/74
  • Wainwright, F. T.; on Northumbrian invasion of Mercia  19/14
  • Walcher, astronomer (d.1125)  96/12
  • wald place-names  90/9
  • Wales  see Welsh
  • walh place-names  90/4
  • Walkelin, Domesday sub-tenant of Bishop’s Norton  98/25, 33
  • walkways, external timber
  • Beho, Belgium; St Peter’s church  AJ86/100; MA53/35, 70–6, 73, 81, 82, 84–5, 86
  • in classical Rome  MA53/35, 76, 86
  • Deerhurst church porch  AJ86/99–100
  • function  00/15; AJ86/99–100; MA53/70n84, 81–2, 84, 85, 87–8
  • reconstruction drawing  MA53/68, 68–70
  • sockets for beams  00/16; AJ86/99–100; MA53/35, 44, 48–9, 53, 53, 54, 57–64, 59-61
  • interpretation and reconstruction  MA53/64–70
  • functions  MA53/79–85, 86
  • bell-ringing  MA53/81, 85
  • defence  MA53/80–2
  • display of relics and treasure  AJ86/100; MA53/35, 70, 74–5, 82–5, 86
  • manuscript illustrations  MA53/35, 76–7, 78, 79, 80-1
  • possible early-medieval tradition  MA53/85–6
  • in Spain  MA53/77, 78, 79, 80, 80–1
  • wall hangings  14/2
  • wall-paintings  see painted figure; painting, Anglo-Saxon; polychrome decoration
  • Waller, Frederick S, architect  09/45
  • Walsh, David; on Romanesque sculpture reused in Deerhurst west tower  09/16-17
  • Waltham Abbey, Essex; chronicle of Holy Cross, on treasures seized by William Rufus  99/14
  • Walton, Glos  see Deerhurst Walton
  • Walton Cardiff, Glos
  • in core area of Tewkesbury estate, C11  18/3
  • Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 4, 25, 38–43
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • place-name indicates British community  90/4
  • Walton place-names; indicate British communities  90/4
  • Wansford church, Cambs; C12 font  09/16
  • Wareham, Dorset; lost church  19/6
  • warfare, Anglo-Saxon
  • common people’s role  05/13
  • use of relics  MA53/88
  • Wars of the Roses; impact on Deerhurst  11/1, 9, 10
  • Warwick, Henry Beauchamp, 1st duke of  11/10
  • Watlington, Oxon; coin hoard  19/7-8
  • Watts, Lorna see Rahtz, Philip (excavations with Lorna Watts)
  • Wearmouth  see Monkwearmouth
  • wedbrodra (‘pledge-brothers’), in Olney treaty  16/2–3, 3–4, 17
  • Wedmore, Somerset; peace agreement between Alfred and Guthrum  19/8, 10
  • Wednesfeld or Tettenhall, battle of  19/15
  • Weir, William, architect  AJ86/104
  • Welford-on-Avon, Warks
  • Domesday Book  96/18, 20; 97/15, 18; 8/17; 18/4
  • later medieval period; 11/2, 5, 10, 11
  • Welland, Worcs
  • in Bredon minster parish  97/8
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16
  • Wells Cathedral, Somerset
  • capitals  09/37, 59n174
  • detached shafts  09/38
  • font  02/17, 23
  • location  13/10
  • label stops  09/48
  • water-holding shaft bases  09/46
  • Welsh
  • Æthelred, lord of the Mercians’ relations with  19/1, 8, 10-11, 15
  • C11 raids from  98/6; 08/5–6, 8
  • Wendreth, St; relics at Ely  MA53/88n165
  • Wenhaston church, Suffolk; rood  86/9
  • Wensley, N Yorks; cross shaft fragments  AJ88/148
  • Weohstan, ealdorman of the Wilsætan  19/6, 13
  • Werburg, St; translation of relics to Chester  92/7
  • Werferth  see Wærferth
  • Werstan, St  08/1–17, 22, 23
  • Deerhurst’s supposed connection  08/5, 6, 20–2
  • in Great Malvern Priory foundation myth  08/1–17, 22, 23
  • Leland on  08/3–5, 6–8, 22
  • Wessex
  • annexes Kent, and east and south Saxons  19/9
  • coinage
  • of Ecgbert  19/11
  • of Alfred  19/11-12, 15
  • Alfred and Ceolwulf II’s joint issues  19/7-8
  • and Danes
  • campaigns  19/7, 10, 13
  • victory at Edington and subsequent relations  92/3; 19/8, 10, 11
  • kings’ alliances with ealdormanic families  19/6-7
  • and Mercia
  • battle of Kempsford over control of borderlands  19/6
  • Ecgbert establishes overlordship  19/11
  • relations with Burgred and Ceolwulf II  19/7-8
  • origins of alliance with Æthelred  19/7-9
  • relations with Æthelred  92/3; 19/1, 2, 9-10, 11-12, 15
  • Edward the Elder assumes direct control  92/7; 19/1
  • nature of kings’ overlordship  19/2, 9-10
  • see also Alfred; Ecgbert; Edward the Elder
  • West Country School of masons  09/37, 38
  • west door, Deerhurst church
  • construction sequence  03/22, 22, 23
  • current, C14 doorway  00/16; MA53/39, 40
  • excavation outside  00/13, 14
  • light foundation outside  MA53/67–8
  • original doorway (OP1)  00/16; AJ88/112; MA53/36, 37, 39, 40, 42
  • petrology  03/22, 22, 23
  • prokrossos  00/12, 16; 02/1, 6, 7; 14/48n6; MA53/36, 40, 42, 56, 70n84
  • west end of Deerhurst church
  • excavations  00/13–15, 14–15
  • foundation incorporating reused Roman material  00/13–15, 14–15, 20
  • medieval stone sarcophagus outside west doorway  00/14, 14–15
  • former floor levels  00/15–16, 17
  • phasing  00/15–16, 17, 18
  • see also porch and/or tower; west door; west wall of nave
  • West Haddon church, Northants; C12 font  09/16
  • West Hanney church, Berks; font  13/2, 3
  • west wall of nave, Deerhurst church
  • ground floor level
  • arch from porch to nave (OP3)  MA53/39, 40, 45, 46
  • first-floor level
  • doorway (OP4) towards nave  MA53/39, 41, 43, 45, 56, 66
  • triangular opening (OP26)  AJ86/74; MA53/39, 43, 45, 66
  • second-floor level
  • double triangular-headed opening (OP9, OP29)  AJ86/74; MA53/39, 45, 45–6, 47, 50–1, 66, 67
  • dating  00/18, 22; 18/18; MA53/45, 46
  • formerly doorway towards nave (OP9)  AJ86/99; MA53/39, 45, 51, 67
  • possible relic-cavity in pier  MA53/85n152
  • reuse of Roman masonry  03/9
  • slot for lewis (lifting device)  03/9
  • of one build with high-level chapel  MA53/35, 53, 54, 55–6
  • possible gallery  86/14; AJ86/98–9, 102; MA53/41, 43, 45, 66, 67
  • rectangular stone panel  AJ86/67, 98, 99; MA53/45, 45–6
  • sockets for beams of high-level chapel floor and external walkway  MA53/53, 54, 57, 62–3, 64–7
  • third-floor (clock chamber) level
  • doorway or window (OP10) towards nave  MA53/39, 43, 45, 50, 56, 66, 69–70
  • levels in relation to porch and/or tower  00/15–16, 17
  • part visible in staircase chamber  MA53/53, 54, 55–6
  • radiocarbon dating of scaffolding poles  00/12; 02/5, 12; AJ88/113
  • roof-raggle on external face indicating height of porch  00/17; MA53/66, 69
  • Westbury-on-Severn, Glos
  • Domesday Book  98/10
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16
  • minster parish; possible original extent  97/10
  • Westbury-on-Trym, Bristol
  • Æthelric’s landholdings  91/2–7, 20–2; 07/1–2; 19/4, 5
  • Ceolburg as abbess at  19/19n38
  • Domesday Book  98/24; 07/29n15
  • Oswald’s foundation; Cluniac influence  88/9
  • Westminster Abbey
  • Abbey building
  • cloister arcade  09/23, 25
  • purely Norman style  09/7, 11, 50
  • Deerhurst lands  18/1–28
  • Domesday Book  96/9; 97/14, 15; 98/20, 32-7; 18/2–4, 3, 5, 10–12, 19
  • Edward the Confessor’s grant  89/4, 6; 90/3; 96/8, 18; 97/3; 08/20–1; 09/2; 11/1; 18/1–28
  • central core and outliers  96/18
  • date  18/4–6, 19–20, 21
  • division with St Denis  96/18; 11/1, 4; 18/2–4, 3, 5
  • documentary evidence  91/18; 18/1–2, 19
  • possible impetus for building  09/1, 2, 16
  • supposed gift to Edith disproved  18/2
  • supposed prophecy about control of Deerhurst church or priory  11/9
  • William I confirms  91/18; 09/1, 2
  • at inclosure (1815); freehold passes to Dean and Chapter  16/26
  • Longdon  96/9; 18/7, 11, 16–17
  • manor house as headquarters  18/5
  • woodlands  90/5
  • forged and interpolated documents  11/4; 18/19
  • Great Malvern Priory as dependency  96/12; 08/8, 11, 20
  • and late medieval Deerhurst  11/1, 4, 9
  • music manuscript (MS 36, nos.17–19)  88/2–3
  • Pershore lands  96/11; 06/9; 09/1, 2, 16; 18/6–7, 10–14, 19–20, 21
  • Whaddon, Glos
  • Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 4, 25, 32–47
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/16
  • Whitby Abbey, N Yorks
  • beast-head strap-ends  02/5
  • late medieval stained glass  08/19
  • Whitelock, Dorothy; on ASC ‘D’ manuscript  91/12-13, 15, 16
  • Whittington, Glos
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • St Bartholomew’s church; building stones  03/3
  • wīc place-names  90/4, 6
  • Wick, Glos
  • Domesday Book  18/6
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • Wife’s Complaint, The (Old English poem)  05/3
  • Wiflet, Domesday subtenant of Harescombe  98/25, 32–3
  • Wightfield, Glos
  • Domesday Book  96/19; 98/2, 3, 4, 32–47; 09/26
  • map of minster estates  90/6
  • name; edge of woodland environment  90/4
  • owned by Westminster Abbey  96/18
  • Wightfield Manor, Apperley, Glos
  • carved stones from Deerhurst Priory  09/1, 18–27, 19–21, 22, 23, 24
  • reused stone with lewis holes  03/26n2
  • Wiglaf, king of the Mercians; defeated by Ecgbert  19/11
  • Wigod of Wallingford  96/23n19
  • Wilberforce, Samuel, bishop of Oxford  02/14–16
  • William I, king of the English
  • charters confirming Confessor’s land grants  91/18; 09/1, 2, 16; 18/5
  • crown-wearings, ritual  92/21–2, 27
  • diplomas and writs; value as sources  18/1
  • Domesday holdings in Gloucestershire  98/20, 33, 39
  • and Ealdred  91/15; 92/20
  • foundations in Caen  98/15-16, 21; 99/14; 09/54n58
  • at Gloucester  92/21, 22; 98/7–8, 15
  • and Great Malvern Priory  08/2, 3, 8
  • maintenance of mercenaries  98/13
  • Oath of Salisbury (1086)  98/8–9
  • Tewkesbury reverts to  97/11; 98/20, 39
  • William II, king of the English
  • at Gloucester; crown-wearing  92/21, 26–7
  • grants Tewkesbury to Robert fitz Hamon  97/11
  • grants treasures from Holy Cross, Waltham to parents’ foundations in Caen  99/14
  • William Breakwolf, Domesday subtenant of Wotton  98/25, 33
  • William de Solers of Postlip  09/26
  • William de Vatteville  09/8
  • William FitzOsbern, earl of Hereford  96/9; 97/21; 08/24n4
  • William FitzRobert, 2nd earl of Gloucester; figure in window at Great Malvern Priory  08/2, 3
  • William Leofric, Domesday land-owner  98/13, 33
  • William Malverne (alias Parker), abbot of St Peter’s, Gloucester (fl. 1524)  92/11
  • William of Eu, owner of Badgeworth, 1086  98/20, 33
  • William of Malmesbury
  • on Ælfheah  91/8; 12/12–13
  • on Æthelflæd  92/5, 13
  • on Æthelstan’s fostering at court of Æthelred and Æthelflæd  92/5
  • on Æthelweard as patron of Pershore Abbey  96/5
  • on Alfred’s building inscription from defences of Shaftesbury  99/9
  • on Deerhurst as ’empty image of antiquity’  91/18; 08/22
  • on Edmund Ironside’s movements after battle of Ashingdon  16/28
  • on Gloucester new minster  92/4, 9, 11; 19/16
  • on Gloucester old minster  92/9, 12
  • on Great Malvern Priory  08/3, 5, 7
  • on Odda as relative of Edward the Confessor  96/1, 3; 06/9
  • on Schola Saxonum, Rome  07/5, 6
  • on Winchester New Minster  19/16
  • William of Saint-Calais, bishop of Durham  98/11
  • William of Sens  12/13
  • Williams, Ann
  • on Brihtheah  18/12
  • on Odda’s family and career  96/1-31; 18/8, 9
  • Willibald, abbot of Monte Cassino  88/5
  • Wilne, Derbyshire; font  02/17; 14/22, 22
  • Wilsætan (Wiltshire family)  19/6, 13
  • Wilson, David M
  • on date of Deerhurst sculptures  AJ88/114
  • on quality of Anglo-Saxon life  05/1
  • Wilstan, abbot of Gloucester  92/25–6
  • Wilton Chronicle  19/6
  • Winchcombe, Glos
  • Abbey
  • churchscot  98/22–3, 27; 18/25n60
  • Ealdred assumes responsibility (1053)  91/15
  • landholdings  90/11; 98/20, 38–9
  • Oswald’s foundation; Cluniac influence  88/9
  • minster  97/1, 9&n49, 13; 19/22n108
  • parish boundaries  97/2, 13, 17
  • peasant landholdings c. 1140  98/22–3
  • population (1066–86)  98/6
  • Winchelsey, Robert, archbishop of Canterbury; register (1296)  86/20
  • Winchester, Hants
  • Ælfheah as bishop  12/2, 12, 14n3
  • Cathedral cloister arcade  09/23
  • Cnut’s court, elite Scandinavian culture  16/3, 8
  • College; C15 painted screen  02/2
  • cross-shaft  14/19
  • Gunni’s grave-marker  16/3
  • liturgy and music  88/8–9, 10–11
  • manuscripts
  • Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, ‘A’ manuscript  12/4
  • Liber Vitae of the New Minster (London, BL Stowe MS 994 f.6)  99/11
  • Winchester Tropers  88/10–11
  • New Minster
  • carvings on tower  02/14
  • charter of King Edgar (London, BL MS Cotton Vespasian A VIII)  86/9; 14/11, 12
  • Cnut gives Great Cross  99/11
  • foundation by Edward the Elder  92/4
  • liturgy and music  88/8, 9
  • possibly response to Gloucester new minster  19/16
  • wall-painting fragment, C9  AJ86/80, 82, 83, 98; AJ88/143
  • Odda witnesses documents for bishop  96/1
  • Old Minster
  • Ælfheah instals new organ, moves tomb of St Æthelwold  12/14n3
  • altar  86/20; 13/7, 9
  • liturgy and music  88/8, 9
  • location  92/28
  • north porticus as possible baptistery  02/23; 13/4, 5, 7, 16
  • St Cross church; detached shafts  09/38
  • secular clerks replaced with monks by Æthelwold  88/8, 9
  • Synod of (c. 970)  88/1–2, 7, 9–10
  • see also  Regularis Concordia
  • wall-paintings, Anglo-Saxon  AJ86/80, 82, 83, 98; AJ88/143
  • Wolvesey Palace; capitals  09/25
  • Winchester School of painting  02/20; AJ86/77–9, 77–8, 80, 83
  • Winchester Tropers
  • Cambridge, CUL MS CCC 473  88/10–11
  • Oxford, Bodley MS 775  88/11
  • Wincot, Warks; in Domesday manor of Tewkesbury  97/15, 18
  • windows, Deerhurst church  see glass, stained; triangular-headed openings; and under Deerhurst Priory; porch and/or tower (north wall, south wall, west wall, third floor)
  • winepress, Anglo-Saxon  05/7, 8, 9
  • Wing church, Bucks
  • alien lord after 1066  91/27n48
  • double opening above chancel arch, possible upper storey  AJ86/105n69
  • gallery  86/14
  • lack of documentary evidence  91/2
  • nave aisles  09/46
  • Winstone church, Glos; incised lozenges on tympanum  09/14
  • Winterbourne Steepleton church, Dorset; angel sculpture  02/12
  • witan of Mercia; Æthelred presides  19/2
  • Withington, Glos
  • Domesday; Gloucester burgesses attached to manor of  98/5, 7
  • double minster  89/1
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • minster parish; Sevenhampton lost to Cheltenham  97/9
  • witness lists, attestations in
  • by Odda  06/3, 4, 5–7; 18/4
  • Devon shire court  96/14; 06/9
  • episcopal  96/1, 13
  • royal  96/1, 4–5; 06/3, 4, 5–7; 18/4, 14
  • royal charters  06/2–11
  • by Odda  96/1, 4–5; 06/3, 4, 5–7; 18/4, 14
  • potential continuities from Æthelred to Cnut  06/3–5
  • relative position of individuals  96/4–5; 06/3
  • Wittering church, Northants; chancel arch  09/6, 7–8
  • woad  90/11
  • Wolverhampton, W Midlands
  • carved cross-shaft  02/16, 17; 14/19–20, 21, 23, 24
  • secular college  97/19
  • women
  • patronage  99/13
  • rare reference to life in The Wife’s Complaint  05/3
  • Wood, Anthony; and ‘Memoriale Ecclesiae Cathedralis Gloucestriae Compendiarum’  92/30
  • Woodchester, Glos; Gloucester burgesses attached to manor at Domesday  98/5, 7
  • wooden structures replaced with stone  00/8–10, 18, 20; 13/14–15; AJ86/84
  • woodlands  90/4, 5, 11, 12, 13, 14
  • Woodmancote, Glos
  • in Bishops Cleeve minster parish  97/6
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • wool; English exports, reference of 796  90/11
  • Woolstaston, Shrops; font  14/26, 27
  • Woolstone, Glos
  • in Deerhurst parish  97/3, 10, 18
  • Deerhurst Priory’s lands  96/20; 11/2, 5
  • Domesday Book  96/20; 98/2, 3, 4, 20, 21, 32–47
  • ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • passes to Saint-Denis  96/18
  • Wootton Wawen, Warks; holders of minster church  91/27n48; 96/29n73
  • Worcester
  • Æthelred and Æthelflæd develop and fortify    92/4; 19/2, 3, 5, 12, 16
  • ASC ‘D’ manuscript’s connections with  91/11–12, 13, 15, 16; 06/12; 16/2, 4, 17
  • bishops
  • Aethelric’s bequests to  19/4, 5
  • and Deerhurst Priory  11/3, 4, 5
  • and Great Malvern Priory  08/7, 8, 13
  • landholdings and rights  90/11; 91/3–4, 6–7, 20–2; 97/6–7, 21, 22–3; 18/6, 12; 19/4, 5
  • and Odda  96/1, 13–14
  • see also Brihtheah; Cantilupe, Walter de; Deneberht; Ealdred; Giffard, Godfrey; Heahberht; Leofsige; Lyfing; Oswald, St; Wærferth; Wulfstan, St; Wulfstan, bishop of Worcester (1002-16)
  • burh: 92/4
  • charters showing West Saxon overlordship over Mercia  19/2
  • hidage schedules (Worcester A, B)  98/14
  • John of Worcester’s Chronicle written at  91/11
  • learning
  • 9th-century renewal  92/3, 5
  • 12th-century antiquarianism  91/11–12
  • see combined with York, C10/11  91/13
  • Worcester Cathedral (and preceding churches)
  • Ælfhere does not despoil  18/8–9
  • and Æthelric’s will  91/3–4, 6–7, 20–2
  • archives and library  91/7
  • ‘Odda’s book’  96/13–14
  • Benedictine reform  97/1; 92/15
  • cartulary  91/7
  • charters
  • of Coenwulf  91/5
  • supposedly of Edgar  18/1
  • S 59 and S 146, and claim to Westbury and Stoke  91/20-2
  • Cluniac influence  88/9
  • Danes plunder estates  18/13, 14
  • fabric
  • blind arcades of eastern slype  09/8
  • capitals  09/9, 37
  • fictive mortar joints  09/13
  • Highley sandstone  03/12; 09/13
  • late medieval stained glass  08/19
  • polychrome masonry  03/12; 09/37, 38
  • soffit rolls  09/8
  • south transept, C11 arch  09/16
  • water-holding shaft bases  09/46
  • King John’s burial  08/21
  • lease of bishop Lyfing (1038)  18/14
  • Oswald and  88/9
  • Wormald, Patrick
  • on Benedictine presence at Deerhurst  91/8-9; 18/19; AJ86/98
  • on Oswaldslow  18/8-9
  • on sources on Anglo-Saxon Deerhurst  91/1-27; 16/1, 4
  • Wormington, Glos; ecclesiastical parish boundaries, C19  97/17
  • Wotton, Glos; Domesday Book  98/2, 3, 4, 25, 32–47
  • Wulfgar, ealdorman of Wiltshire  19/6, 22n114
  • Wulfheard, bishop of Hereford  97/21
  • Wulfhere, ealdorman of Wiltshire  19/6-7, 13
  • Wulfmær, witness to 11th-century charters  06/4
  • Wulfnoth, witness to 11th-century charters  06/4, 6
  • Wulfred, archbishop of Canterbury
  • and decree of Synod of Chelsea on images of saints  07/26; AJ88/153
  • dispute with Coenwulf over lay control of minsters  91/6, 22
  • Wulfric, witness to 11th-century charters  06/4
  • Wulfsige, witness to 11th-century charters  06/4
  • Wulfstan, St, bishop of Worcester (1062-95)
  • ASC ‘D’ manuscript does not mention  91/12
  • and church of Hawkesbury  18/13
  • and Great Malvern Priory  96/12; 08/2, 3, 5, 8
  • landholdings  92/25–6; 98/20, 38–9
  • Life by Coleman  05/9
  • medieval interest in  08/21
  • and national identity  08/21
  • Wulfstan, bishop of Worcester (1002-16) and archbishop of York (1002-23)
  • ASC ‘D’ and  91/12, 13, 17
  • legal disputes with Ealdred and Lanfranc  91/16
  • and reform of Gloucester old minster  92/14, 15
  • sees of Worcester and York combined under  91/13
  • Sermo Lupi ad Anglos  06/12; 16/13, 16
  • Wulfstan of Winchester; Life of St Æthelwold  18/8
  • Wulfthryth, wife of Æthelred I  19/6
  • sons as rivals to Alfred  19/13
  • Wulfthryth, wife of Edgar the Elder  19/6
  • Wyche, Richard, tenant of Deerhurst, 1389  11/6
  • Wynsige, monk, tenant of Washbourne, 977  97/23–4
  • Yardley, W Midlands  18/6
  • York
  • archbishops’ Gloucestershire estates  89/6; 92/11, 25; 98/20, 33
  • Coppergate helmet  02/7, 20
  • Minster; sculpture  09/25, 38; AJ88/143
  • Roman material in medieval church buildings  03/24
  • St Mary Castlegate; inscriptions commemorating founders  99/8–9
  • St Mary’s Abbey; Romanesque painted plaster  09/14
  • Worcester see combined with  91/13
  • Yorke, Barbara; Æthelred, Lord of the Mercians and his Deerhurst connections  19/1-23
  • Zaragoza, Spain; display of relic during siege, 542  MA53/88
  • Zarnecki, G; on Langford church  09/7
  • .

INDEX OF ENGLISH CHARTERS EARLIER THAN 1070

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  • .
  • Bates, D; Regesta Regum Anglo-Normannorum; the Acta of William I (Oxford, 1998)
  • no. 254: 91/18&n46; 96/8&n44; 09/3&n3; 11/1&n2; 18/5&n11, 23n18
  • no. 295: 09/2&n2
  • Davis, H W C; Regesta Regum Anglo-Normannorum Vol I (Oxford, 1913)
  • no. 26: see Bates, no. 254 above
  • Hart, C R; The early charters of eastern England (Leicester, 1966)
  • p. 253, lost diploma dated 1000 of King Æthelred in favour of Cranborne Abbey, Dorset: 96/5&n26
  • p. 254, lost grant of ?c. 1010 by Ælfgar in favour of Cranborne Abbey, Dorset: 96/5&n26
  • Robertson, A J; Anglo-Saxon Charters, 2nd ed. (Cambridge, 1956)
  • no. 26 (pp. 52-3): see Sawyer, S 1533 below
  • no. 99 (pp. 204-7): see Sawyer, S 1555 below
  • Sawyer, P H; Anglo-Saxon Charters: an annotated list and bibliography (London, 1968) (in its revised form available online as the ‘Electronic Sawyer’ (www.esawyer.org.uk))
  • S 8: 91/2&n4
  • S 22: 91/2&n4
  • S 31: 91/2&n4
  • S 38: 91/2&n4
  • S 52: 97/8&n37
  • S 53: 97/6&n26
  • S 58: 91/3-4&n7, 20, 22; 07/1&n2; 19/3&n25, 3-4&n26
  • S 59: 91/3-4&n7, 20-2; 07/1&n2; 19/3&n25, 3-4&n26
  • S 72: 91/2&n4
  • S 109: 97/8&n42
  • S 116: 90/9&n28; 97/8&n42, 8&n48, 24&n114
  • S 117: 97/8&n42
  • S 132: 91/22; 07/1&n4
  • S 136: 07/1&n4; 19/18n27
  • S 138: 19/18n27
  • S 139: 91/3-4&n7, 20, 21, 22; 07/1&n3, 28n13; 19/4&n27
  • S 141: 90/12-14&n35; 97/1&n5, 6&n26
  • S 146: 91/3-4&n7, 20, 21, 22; 07/1&n4; 19/4&n27
  • S 148: 07/1&n5; 19/4&n28
  • S 149: 19/4&n28
  • S 153: 07/1&n6; 19/4&n28
  • S 155: 19/4&n28
  • S 167: 97/9&n49
  • S 172: 97/8&n38
  • S 179: 90/14&n37
  • S 207: 90/11&n32
  • S 212: 19/3&n21, 7&n58
  • S 214: 19/3&n21, 7&n58
  • S 215: 19/7&n59
  • S 216: 97/8&n47, 22-3&n110; 19/7&n59
  • S 217: 19/2&n15, 12&n107
  • S 218: 91/20, 21; 19/1&n1, 2&n5, 2&n12, 2&n15, 4&n31, 9&n71
  • S 219: 19/2&n6, 2&n9
  • S 220: 19/2&n9
  • S 221: 19/2&n9, 12&n109
  • S 223: 92/4&n9, 6&n16; 19/1&n1, 2&n10, 5&n42, 12&n105, 12&n109,
  • S 325: 07/6&n30
  • S 340: 19/19n51
  • S 346: 19/2&n15, 12&n101, 12&n104
  • S 361: 19/13&n118
  • S 362: 19/6&n52, 13&n111, 13&n114
  • S 367: 19/13&n118
  • S 546: 91/2&n4
  • S 548: 91/2&n4
  • S 651: 96/7&n34
  • S 731: 18/1&n3
  • S 770: 06/17n24
  • S 777: 18/8&n25
  • S 781: 18/8&n25
  • S 786: 96/5&n29, 11&n58; 97/7&n35, 8&n41; 18/1&n3, 7&n20
  • S 834: 16/24&n58
  • S 896: 06/10, 11&n39, 11&n40, 13&n47
  • S 911: 96/7&n34; 06/4
  • S 915: 98/28n10; 06/11&n41
  • S 918: 06/4
  • S 921: 06/11&n41
  • S 922: 06/4
  • S 927: 06/3, 4
  • S 931: 06/3, 4
  • S 931b: 06/4, 5&n9, 6, 8, 13&n47; 18/14&n72
  • S 932: 96/11&n60; 18/9&n36, 9&n38
  • S 933: 96/4&n21; 06/3, 4, 5&n10, 12-13&n46; 18/14&n72
  • S 934: 96/4&n21; 06/3, 4, 5&n10
  • S 935: 06/3, 4
  • S 947: 06/14&n58
  • S 948: 06/14&n58
  • S 950: 06/4
  • S 951: 06/3, 4, 6&n11, 6
  • S 953: 06/4, 6&n11, 8, 9&n26, 9&n27, 10
  • S 954: 06/3, 4, 7&n12, 8
  • S 955: 06/3, 9&n27, 9&n28, 10
  • S 956: 06/3, 4, 9&n31, 10
  • S 958: 06/3, 4
  • S 960: 06/8
  • S 961: 06/4, 9&n29, 10
  • S 962: 06/4, 7&n13, 8, 9-10&n32, 10
  • S 963: 06/7&n15, 8, 17n24
  • S 964: 06/8
  • S 969: 06/7&n16, 8, 9&n30, 10, 17n24
  • S 970: 06/7&n14
  • S 977: 92/17&n50; 06/4
  • S 988: 06/3
  • S 994: 18/15&n78
  • S 998: 06/7&n19
  • S 1022: 18/10&n46
  • S 1028: 96/8&n44; 18/5&n11
  • S 1033: 06/10&n34
  • S 1034: 06/10&n34
  • S 1040: 18/6&n18
  • S 1041: 18/19&n90
  • S 1043: 91/18&n46; 18/2&n5, 19&n90
  • S 1046: 91/18&n46
  • S 1058: 96/30n80; 18/14&n74
  • S 1083: 18/5&n14
  • S 1087: 97/1&n1
  • S 1105: 96/8&n44; 18/20&n91
  • S 1138: 18/2&n5
  • S 1142: 18/20&n92
  • S 1143: 91/18&n46; 97/3&n11; 18/20&n92
  • S 1144: 18/20&n92
  • S 1145: 18/20&n92
  • S 1146: 91/18&n46; 18/20&n92
  • S 1151: 18/19&n89
  • S 1186: 97/15&n87
  • S 1186a: 19/4&n28
  • S 1187: 91/2-3&n5, 20, 21; 92/2&n4; 07/2&n9, 2&n10, 2&n12; 18/15&n80; 19/4&n29, 5&n44
  • S 1254: 91/2&n4, 21
  • S 1255: 97/8&n38
  • S 1278: 19/3&n21, 7&n58
  • S 1283: 97/6&n29
  • S 1300: 97/7&n35
  • S 1309: 92/16&n46
  • S 1314: 97/7&n35, 21&n98
  • S 1315: 97/7&n35
  • S 1324: 97/6&n29
  • S 1326: 92/16&n46
  • S 1330-9: 18/8&n28
  • S 1332: 92/16&n46
  • S 1335: 90/11&n29
  • S 1336: 97/24&n114
  • S 1353: 90/11&n29
  • S 1365: 97/21&n99, 24&n116
  • S 1390: 91/2&n4
  • S 1391: 96/13&n79
  • S 1392: 18/14&n73
  • S 1392-3: 96/13&n78
  • S 1396-7: 96/13&n78
  • S 1396: 96/31n85; 18/14&n74
  • S 1397: 18/14&n74
  • S 1399: 92/15&n43
  • S 1400: 91/2&n4
  • S 1405: 96/14&n85; 97/12&n71
  • S 1406-9: 96/13&n78
  • S 1406: 18/9&n30, 15&n78
  • S 1407: 18/4&n9
  • S 1409: 96/10&n56; 06/7&n17; 18/9&n36
  • S 1413: 97/1&n7
  • S 1415: 97/6&n28
  • S 1424: 92/9&n25, 15-16&n44
  • S 1431: 97/9&n52, 21&n96
  • S 1433: 91/3&n6, 21; 07/2&n14
  • S 1434: 91/7&n18, 21
  • S 1436: 91/2&n4, 7&n18, 21
  • S 1439: 91/2&n4, 7&n18
  • S 1441: 19/2&n9, 2&n15
  • S 1442: 91/5&n12; 19/2&n15, 12&n108
  • S 1443: 19/4&n30, 5&n36
  • S 1446: 19/1&n1, 2&n9, 5&n43
  • S 1461: 91/2&n4
  • S 1474: 96/14&n82; 06/9&n23
  • S 1478: 91/2&n4
  • S 1483: 91/2&n4
  • S 1484: 96/6&n30
  • S 1486: 91/2&n4
  • S 1494: 91/2&n4
  • S 1500: 91/5&n13
  • S 1503: 06/14&n59
  • S 1510: 91/5&n13
  • S 1522: 91/2&n4
  • S 1533: 19/13&n114
  • S 1549: 90/12-14&n35
  • S 1551: 90/2&n6, 3&n10, 5-8&n18, 5-8&n21; 91/18&n46
  • S 1553: 19/6&n53
  • S 1555: 96/26n47, 27n55
  • S 1628: 19/5&n42, 12&n101, 12&n104
  • S 1692: 19/18n27
  • S 1782: 90/14&n38; 92/16&n48; 97/10&n65
  • Sayles, G O; Select Cases in the Court of King’s Bench under Edward I, Vol 3, (London, 1939)
  • no. 76, pp 138-44 (extract from lost charter of Æthelstan, 925/926): 92/7&n20
Published on November 18, 2020 at 7:07 pm  Comments Off on Index of Publications 1968-2019  
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